Psychological training of an athlete, also known as psychological training, in a broad sense, includes various methods and techniques. They are aimed at improving or optimizing a person's psychological skills. Psychological training, like physical training, is necessary to improve game performance and increase athletic performance.
At present, psychological training is most often understood as a set of psychological methods and exercises (techniques). Through their systematic and long-term use, the athlete learns to control his behavior and emotions. It increases the level of many psychological traits. Such as, for example, concentration of attention. In addition, psychological resistance increases to resist stress.
Psychological training has a direct impact on the physical characteristics of the athlete. Such training can develop accuracy of movement, optimal or economical use of energy, and the ability to quickly relax.
Psychological training develops the athlete comprehensively. And in addition to the obvious benefits for the development of physical parameters and character described above, it develops his personality. Psychological training can improve attention, perception, and psychomotor coordination. As a result, the athlete's self-esteem, self-confidence and abilities increase.
The main elements of psychological training are also exercises that allow you to influence the condition of the athlete's body. This is necessary for mastering psycho-regulatory techniques. They can also be extremely helpful in sports.
In recent years, in the process of modern sports training, more and more attention is paid to the psyche of players and the work of psychologists in a team. Working with the human psyche can be extremely beneficial to achieve greater and better results. Including for sports competitions. Olympic tests conducted in 1988 by Orlicek and Partington (1988) showed that the best players associated their performance with the following elements of psychological training:
The results show how important psychological training is in modern sports, when the differences in physical and technical fitness of individual athletes have become small.
This is supported by research (Moran 1995) on the use of mental training in sports. They were conducted among coaches working with tennis players. 90% of coaches consider psychological training in tennis a very important factor in determining high athletic performance.
Psychological tourism is a new interesting and popular type of tourism. The emergence of this type of tourism is associated with the need to take a break from the fast pace of life in cities, recover from stress, acquire new knowledge and skills, and the ability to combine travel and self-development.
The modern pace of life, frequent stress, bustle lead to a rapid waste of energy, and the inability to rest properly and lack of time for rest aggravate the situation: human health is deteriorating. Psychological tourism can help to recover, the purpose of which is the harmonization of the human condition, self-development and self-improvement. Psychurism allows you to take a break in life and reveal the reserves of the personality for recovery.
It is known that a person gets tired both physically and emotionally. Negative emotions (anger, fear) drain the nervous system, making it more vulnerable and sensitive to stress. Over time, working capacity decreases, and you have to make more efforts to complete tasks, as the body gets tired and requires rest. Constant emotional stress unbalances and can lead to depression or other mental disorders, such as anxiety-phobic, obsessive-compulsive disorders, panic attacks, etc.
Psychological tourism contributes to an emotional "reset", getting rid of negative experiences. This is an interesting trip where you can get new emotions, exciting impressions, gain valuable knowledge and skills. Such tourism combines the pleasant and the useful: rest and the acquisition of psychological skills of self-regulation, relaxation, the development of the ability to manage personal time, effective communication. The trip usually lasts 1-2 weeks.
The components of psitourism are: new knowledge, disclosure of personal potential, emotional "reboot", self-development, relaxation. The psytourism program is a combination of travel, outdoor recreation with personal development, self-discovery.
This type of tourism allows you to leave your worries and habitual way of life for a while and engage in knowing your soul and recovering in nature. Finding himself in a new environment, a person develops new adaptation strategies, meets new people, learns new useful information from a psychologist. All this contributes to emotional relief, there is an opportunity to look at the world in a new way and master previously unknown horizons.
A main theme is chosen for each journey. It is closely intertwined with the choice of accommodation, excursions, sightseeing, etc. The topic of the trip is known in advance, the psychologist can slightly adjust the topic if there is a request from the group.
Usually a group consists of 12-14 tourists (this is the optimal number) and a trainer-psychologist. He draws up a program of psychological training. Also, the psychologist works with each participant in the developmental journey in order to teach how to get rid of bad and negative thoughts, to master the skills of self-regulation and meditation. Organizers of the trip often travel with the group to make the trip more comfortable and well-planned.
The basis of psychological tourism is formed by the basic provisions of gestalt therapy. The main goal of this type of rest is to find inner harmony and psychological integrity, self-acceptance, filling life with meaningfulness, harmonizing relations with the world with the help of specially organized psychological assistance, trainings and classes. In psiturism, many interesting techniques are used, such as photo and video therapy, etc.
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