Tourism in India

Tourism in India

Tourism in India is a large sector of the Indian economy. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, tourism brought India's budget in 2011 US $ 121 billion, which is 6.4% of the country's GDP. This industry employs 39.3 million people, which is 7.9% of the total economically active population of India. From 1990 to 2011, the GNP of tourism in India increased by 229%. According to forecasts, in the next decade, this sector of the Indian economy can grow on average by 7.7% annually [1]. In 2011, the World Travel and Tourism Council predicted an annual growth rate of 8.8% between 2011 and 2021. This allowed India to rank fifth among countries with a rapidly growing tourism industry [2]. Medical tourism exists in India and is expected to grow at an annual rate of 30% by 2015 to about Rs 9,500 [3].

In 2011, almost 6.29 million foreign tourists visited India, which is 8% more than in 2010, where the number of tourists was 5.78 million. The number of domestic tourists who visit all the states and union territories of India is 747.7 million. The majority of foreign tourists come from the USA (16%) and the UK (12.6%). In 2011, the most popular states among foreign tourists were Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Delhi. Domestic tourists most often visit Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu [4]. Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Agra were the four most visited cities in India by foreign tourists in 2011. In the international ranking, Chennai ranks 41st in terms of the number of foreign tourists, Delhi - 50, Mumbai - 57, and Agra - 65 [5].

India was ranked 28th out of 139 in the 2011 Tourism Pricing Competitiveness Report. The report also mentions that India has quite good air transport (39th place), especially given the country's current development , as well as normal ground transport (43rd place). However, some aspects of the tourism infrastructure remain underdeveloped. The country has very few hotel rooms per capita compared to international standards, as well as a low prevalence of ATM machines. The Indian government has determined that due to the lack of 150,000 hotel rooms, the country's budget receives too much shortage [6].

The Ministry of Tourism of India is developing a national policy for the development and promotion of tourism. In the course of its work, the ministry consults and collaborates with various stakeholders, including central ministries and agencies, state and union territorial governments, and the private sector. Joint efforts are being made to promote new types of tourism such as rural, cruise, medical and environmental [7]. The Ministry of Tourism is also supporting the Incredible India campaign.

India's rich history and culture, as well as geographic diversity, make its international tourism attractive. International tourism in India, in addition to rich heritage and cultural tourism, is also presented with medical, business and sports tourism.


Tourism by state [edit]

Andhra Pradesh [edit]

Andhra Pradesh has many picturesque hills, forests, beaches and temples. Hyderabad, also known as the "City of Nizams" and "City of Pearls", is today one of the most developed cities in the country and a modern center for information technology, ITES (Information Technology Enabled Service), biotechnology. Hyderabad is also known for its rich history, culture, architecture and multilingualism, symbolizing the unique character of the city as the meeting place of the North and South Indies.

Andhra Pradesh is home to many religious centers of pilgrimage:

  • The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple is the abode of Lord Venkateswara, the second richest and most visited religious center (of any faith) in the world. Srisailam is the abode of Sri Mallikarjuna, one of the twelve Jyothirlingalu in India. Temple of Amaravatha Shiva is one of the Pancharamams, Temple of Vemulawada is one of the old abodes of Lord Shiva, known as Dakshina-Kashi - Varanasi of South India. The Temple of Vemulawada was built by the rulers of the Chalukya dynasty in the period 750-975. Yadagirigutta is the abode of Vishnu's avatara, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha.
  • Naubath Pahad - Birla Mandir, Temple of Lord Venkateswara, built entirely of white marble, located in Hyderabad.
  • The Ramappa Temple and the Temple of a Thousand Pillars in Warangal are famous tourist spots that reflect the fine taste of the Kakatiya Dynasty (Kakatia - ai, singular) in art, culture and temple carvings. Warangal is also the site of Medaram, home to one of the major festivals in Asia called Samakka Saralamma Jatara.
  • The Gundala Math Shrine is one of the two largest pilgrimage sites for Christians in India, located in the city of Vijayawada. Thousands of people visit Gundala Math every year, firmly believing in the mercy of the Virgin Mary of Lourdes and her maternal blessing. Adherents, not only from all over Andhra Pradesh, but also from neighboring states such as Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka, visit the shrine during the annual February festival.
  • The Gnana Saraswati Temple in Basar is one of the famous Saraswati temples in India.

The most famous Buddhist centers:

  • Aramavathi - Guntur District
  • Nagarjuna Konda - Bhattiprolu
  • Mangalagiri - Near Vijayawada City
  • Ghantasala - Krishna District
  • Dhulikatta - Karimnagar District
  • Lingapalem - West Godavari District

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