The Laba River is one of the two largest tributaries of the Kuban. Its plots are distributed among the regions of the Adyghe autonomy and the Krasnodar Territory. She kept a very ancient name for herself, but, alas, she could not preserve the purity of the water and the banks. Only the upper reaches of this stream have managed to preserve their pristine purity. They became a protected area in time. Along the water lines it is especially free for hunters and cyclists. And in the stream itself - to rafters.
The Laba River is 214 km long. Its pool is 12,500 sq. km. The maximum width is 450 meters. Depths up to 1 meter (in low water). The reservoir flows through several districts of the Krasnodar Territory, capturing a piece of Adygea. The slope is large (it expires from a height of 2,570 meters above sea level). The direction is northwest. The average long-term water consumption is 95 cubic meters per second. Mixed food (rain, glacier, soil and snow). Freezing up lasts from the end of December to the 20th of February. The flood takes place in spring and summer. Depends on the amount of precipitation. The seasonal range of changes in the water's edge does not exceed 2 meters. The largest tributaries are Labenok, Chamlyk, Khodz, Chokhrak and Fars.
The Laba River was formed during the Jurassic period. At first, the Neolithic tribes of hunters lived here. Little is known about them. And from the Bronze Age - the peoples of the Dolmen and Maikop culture. Their descendants are all the peoples of the Western Caucasus (Adyghe ethnic groups, Abkhaz and Abaza). The auls nominally obeyed the successive empires (Avar Kaganate, Khazaria, New Alania, Horde and Big Kabarda). Some of the clans in the century before last stood under the flag of the North Caucasian Imamate, proclaimed by Shamil. It was at this time that the first Russian description of the Laba River appeared, since the imamate fought against Russia. The fighting was conducted throughout the North Caucasus. The name of the hydrological object came to us from the common ancestors of the Adygs, Abazins and Abkhazians. “Louba” in the language of this ancient nation was translated as “source”. You can still find this word on the map - in the name of the mountain. Since the beginning of the 60s of the XIX century, the Laba River has been part of the multinational Russian Empire, namely in the territory of the Kuban Region. Its shores were stained with blood more than once. During the Kuban uprising. Later during the Nazi occupation. The economic use of the Laba River began in the 70s of the last century. In the last section, it was regulated with dozens of ponds. The water was used to irrigate rice paddies. Along the entire channel (to the mouth), the Laba River was gradually equipped with a large number of road and railway bridges. And the country decided to turn its upper reaches into an OPT. In 2002, heavy rains caused the largest flood in the Labe. The water level has risen above the critical level by 235 cm! All settlements on both Labinsky edges were affected. There were also human casualties. The damage was estimated at millions of rubles. Many people are considered missing.
The source of the Laba River is the result of the confluence of the Bolshaya Laba and Malaya Laba reservoirs. Administratively it belongs to the Labinsky District of the Krasnodar Territory. It is 450 meters wide and has 2 rocky islands in the center of the fairway. The source of the Laba River is surrounded on one side by the houses of the Krasny Gai farm, and on the other, by the same rocky low spit with sparse vegetation. And from here goes the path to the village of Kaladzhinskaya.
The mouth of the Laba River is the entrance to the Kuban with a width of 80 m. The area belongs to the Ust-Labinsky (on the one hand, the village of Hatukai) and Krasnogvardeisky (on the other side, the Ogonyok farm) districts of the Kuban. The banks are busy. On the right hand, the floodplain is green. Opposite the Labinskaya arm in the Kuban riverbed lies a wooded island 440 meters long.
For the first kilometers, the Laba river falls into a wide valley (low mountain ranges are at a noticeable distance). The two-sided floodplain reaches 4-9 kilometers in diameter. She is very rocky. Outside the Laba nature reserve, the course of the Laba River begins to branch out more noticeably, and also meanders significantly. The height of the banks continues to fluctuate from 1.2 to 3 meters. The middle course of the Laba River is remembered for the concave edges of the bends. The edges in these recreational areas are quickly blurring. The width varies from 30 to 110 meters. On both rivieras, pebbles and boulders remain up to the girla. The lower basin of the Laba river winds even more. The flow rate drops by 2 times, but it is still too fast for swimming. This is the maximum expansion. The “finish” of the Laba river basin is marked by indicators characteristic of already lowland watercourses. And the place where it flows into the Kuban was presented in detail above.
Attractions of the Laba River
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