On October 29, 2015, the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the creation of the All-Russian public-state organization" Russian movement of schoolchildren. " The document was published on the pravo portal. ov. u.
In accordance with the Decree "On the establishment of the All-Russian public-state organization" Russian movement of schoolchildren "under the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs, it is planned to create the FSBI" Russian Children and Youth Center ", which will ensure interaction with regional offices.
06. 0. 015. Vladimir Putin signed the law on the revival of the physical culture and sports complex "Ready for Labor and Defense" (TRP) in the country. After an almost 30-year hiatus, Russians between the ages of six and 70 will be able to pass government standards. 1.2 billion rubles will be allocated from the budget for the implementation of the program, the TRP complex should be launched everywhere by 2018. In this review, we will recall the most important events in the development of Soviet children's and youth tourism and such a massive form of patriotic routes as star hikes.
Children who have reached 10 years of age are allowed to pass the standards for the "Young Tourist of the USSR" badge. For this, children (boys and girls) must make four trips with one overnight stay in the field with a total length of 48 km, the council of the squad makes an appropriate decision and issues signs and certificates.
Guys (boys and girls) 14 years old and older can take the standards for the USSR Tourist badge. To do this, they must complete five one-two-day hikes with a total duration of at least five days and a total length of at least 75 km on foot or on skis, at least 100 km on rowing boats, at least 150 km on bicycles.
If the hikes are made in the summer, then the guys should spend at least two field nights. Badges and badges are issued by the local station for young tourists.
Tourist of the USSR - badge and corresponding title in the USSR. It was issued after passing the norms and passing a sports tourist trip. The first symbol of initiation into tourism, approved on March 26, 1939 by the All-Union Committee for Physical Culture and Sports under the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR.
In 1935, the Presidium of the Central Council of the Society for Proletarian Tourism and Excursions (OPTiE) decided to establish the badge.
In the regulation of 1935, the receipt of the badge "Tourist of the USSR" should have given the right to the members of the OPTiE to be called tourists. To obtain which it was necessary: to pass the norms for the TRP badge; make a tourist trip for six or more days; be able to read a map, navigate by it, by a compass, the sun, stars, local objects, be able to organize a bivouac (set up a tent), light a fire, cook food; know the correct mode of movement, rest, food and drink; know your homeland; have basic knowledge of geography and geology; be able to draw up a report on your trip. but during the existence of the OPTiE, the case was not brought to an end, and a new regulation on the badge was developed only four years later in the Tourist and Excursion Administration of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. In the regulation of March 17, 1939, the badge could be issued to all citizens of the USSR who have reached the age of 18, have two years of tourist experience and have completed at least 2-3 (depending on the difficulty) travel. In addition, tourists must submit at least one travel report and have theoretical and practical knowledge of tourism within the scope of a special program. The program of requirements and standards was published in the fifth issue of the magazine "On Land and Sea" for 1939.
The program provided for the following knowledge:
In addition, it is necessary to have knowledge of the type of tourism that a tourist has chosen when making a trip: Water tourists should know the main obstacles encountered on rivers, their characteristics and ways to overcome; the device of the vessel; sailing; rowing and rowing device; ship practice; organization and mode of water travel; rescue business; swimming. Urists-pedestrians should be familiar with equipment, movement technique, hygiene of the march, rescue operations, organization and mode of travel. Urists-cyclists are obliged to know the classification of roads, the structure of the bicycle, the technique of cycling, the procedure for organizing and the mode of travel. Urists-skiers should know the equipment, movement technique, rescue operations, organization and travel regime.
Is it worth using the services of accelerators or is it better to go your own way? It all depends on the point of view!