Rafting what is

Rafting what is

Rafting is an extreme water sport, which is a rafting down a mountain river. Despite the fact that the history of rafting is less than half a century old, it is very eventful.

Raft arrangement and river difficulty categories

Raft is an inflatable vessel without a frame, consisting of balloons. It can be either single-layer or double-layer. The rivers along which the athletes float are divided into categories of difficulty. The simplest are the first and the second, both amateurs and beginners are engaged in rafting. Professionals usually choose the fifth category of difficulty, and the sixth is conquered by champions and simply daredevils.


Rafting originated during the Vietnam War. The American military often floated themselves, and also transported weapons, ammunition, and provisions. In parallel, he aroused interest in the United States and began to develop on a commercial basis.

Development during the Soviet era and in the 1980s

The first rafting competition took place in the USSR in 1989 on the Chuya River. It was attended by 144 teams from 14 countries. Despite the unpopularity of this sport in the Union, our compatriots won a landslide victory. Having traveled to the USA, they won there too. In Costa Rica, the guys took bronze. Camel brand has made a huge contribution to the development of rafting. The famous Camel White Water Challenge is being held with his support. The first competition took place in 1995 on the Zambezi, as did the next two. In 1998, the event was moved to Costa Rica. In 1997, the International Rafting Federation appeared in Johannesburg. 1998 - Russian Rafting Federation.

Modern achievements of Russian rafters

In 2000, Neva-Tour from St. Petersburg becomes the first in Chile. At the same time, the Ak Talai Margan competition was held on Katun. It was attended by 15 boats with guys from Russian cities. For the first time, an 80 km rafting marathon was organized. In 2001, Russians took 14th place at the Camel White Water Challenge. In 2003 the Altai-Raft team went to the Czech Republic and became the sixth. 2004 was a victorious year for Russia, she won the European Cup in Norway and the Amazon Cup. In 2005, the China Cup becomes ours. In 2006, the Altai-Raft team took gold in Adygea. In Austria in 2008 she is again the winner. In 2010 juniors from Russia become the first in Holland. In 2011 they take bronze.

Thus, we can say that in such a short time, rafting from an ordinary type of water transport has turned into a real sport with its champions, victories and defeats. And at the same time, he remained accessible to ordinary amateurs who do not have special sports skills.

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Content of the article

Whether a raft or a boat

Unlike its Indian and other ancestors, modern raft (translated from English means "raft") looks more like a large inflatable boat or even a synthetic mattress. And it is able to overcome long distances and rather dangerous obstacles on the water without loss. From four to two dozen people can sail on it with a sufficient share of comfort and safety, even on the most troubled river.

According to the number of layers, rafts are divided into one- and two-layer. The advantage of the former, lighter and more compact, is the ease of preparation for the rafting. The main advantage of the latter is considered to be greater reliability and stability on the water.

Ancient rafting

Modern rafting doesn't look too much like a classic wooden raft, but rafting itself has been known to mankind since time immemorial. And the same dashing "German" Indians, who bravely fought with the white conquerors in the cinema, were probably not the pioneers of rafting, but took over the science of managing their boats on a far from smooth and quiet river from the former inhabitants of local reservoirs.

Similar assumptions are confirmed by archaeological excavations. In their opinion, canoe boats, which look great even on the most terrible river rapids, have long been known to people and were used precisely to overcome natural water obstacles. Rafting was used for rafting not only for warriors, but also for expeditions of gold diggers and hunters, but also for moving bulky items for industrial purposes. For example, wood.

By the way, sometimes something unimaginable is called rafting. If only something that resembles a raft could move on the water and be able to pass at least some obstacle without loss.

Sports Rafting

As people develop rivers and various ways to overcome them, rafting, along with rowing slalom, began to turn into a truly extreme kind of water sports. He is able to throw a real sea of ​​adrenaline and energy into the blood of the participants.

In sports documents, such movement of people in helmets and life jackets on rafts, or rather rafts, is called a scientific phrase: "Team rafting on mountain rivers for a while, with the obligatory overcoming of natural and artificial water obstacles." The crew of such a raft is, in fact, a professional team. And its captain also acts as a coach, responsible not only for the result, but also for the safety of teammates and the raft.

Rafting sporting events consist of four distinct types: sprint (or qualification), for which a team can receive up to 100 points; parallel sprint (200 points); slalom (300); and finally, the so-called long race (400). The team with the maximum number of points becomes the winner of the tournament.

Tourist rafting

The raft is intended for rafting on rough rivers. Differences from kayaking: there are paddles with one blade, the boat is inflatable and, most importantly, you do not need any special physical training to participate in river rafting, because you will be doing this with instructors.

Catamarans, in turn, differ from rafts in that they are not completely inflatable boats - the side inflatable parts, where people sit, are connected by rafters. Therefore, a catamaran is more mobile in rough water than a raft, and it is a little more difficult and dangerous to ride on it. Nevertheless, companies involved in organizing outdoor activities for beginners often combine rafting and catamarans on mountain rivers.

How dangerous?

As a rule, the instructors organizing rafting tours provide all the features so that people boarding boats for the first time do not get injured. But in any case, helmets and a life jacket will be needed. Check if these important things are provided by the clubs where you apply.

Where to study and rafting?

Rafting is a commercial type of extreme recreation, so here you choose areas of interest to you, and tours there can be organized by various sports clubs and travel companies. The most popular routes in Russia are Karelia, Altai Mountains and the Caucasus.

Adrenaline Tour

• Karelia. Rafting on the Shuya River (110 km from Petrozavodsk), tours for 2, 3, 5 or 7 days, from 4100 to 8900 rubles. Everything is included in the price, except for train tickets there and back. On all days of departure, the camp is set up in one place.

• Mountain Altai. Rafting on the rivers Katun, Chuya, Argut (400-500 km from Barnaul), tours for 4, 5, 7, 8 or 10 days, from 11,000 to 35,800 rubles. Tours include various field excursions, cave visits, fishing trips and a tourist bath.


ⓘ Rafting

Rafting is a sports rafting on mountain rivers and artificial rowing canals on 6-, 4- and 2-seater inflatable boats.

Rafting in Russia began to develop rapidly after an advertising campaign from Camel was carried out. Then the idea of ​​this sport was picked up and included in tourist competitions. Most of the teams did not have their own rafts, so they had to be rented directly at the competition.

How the sport was entered into the All-Russian Register of Sports in 2003, code number 1740001411Я.

  • On rough, rapids, rafts without a frame and oarlocks are used, and canoe is used, see: canoe rowing one-bladed oar;
  • On multi-day tours and for transportation For expeditionary cargo, rafts are often used, reinforced with a stiffening frame with oarlocks for oars and a swing method of rowing is used.

Rafting differs from other types of water tourism in that it is widespread commercial rafting, which does not require any previous experience to participate.

Examples of classic routes:

  • White 1-6 grade. - Adygea;
  • Chuya 3-6 K. - Altai Republic;
  • White Nile 3 - 5 k. S. - Uganda;
  • Katun 1-5 k. S. - Altai Republic;
  • Bzyb 1 - 6 k. S. - Georgia Abkhazia
  • Marciandi 4 - 5 k. S. - Nepal;
  • Dalaman 3 - 5 k. S. - Turkey;
  • Melen 3 - 4 K. s. - Turkey;
  • Apurimak 3 - 5 k. S. - Peru;
  • Black Cheremosh 1-4 K. p. - Ukraine;
  • Bhote-Kostya 4 - 5 k. S. - Nepal;

Rivers with an abundance of rapids, rifts, rifts and waterfalls are suitable for rafting. Such rivers are usually found in mountainous areas or in very rugged terrain. As a consequence, such areas are poorly or not at all populated.

Rafting routes are classified on a six-point scale of 1-6 difficulty categories. Clarifications are allowed, for example: 3+ c. From. or 5-room The obstacles themselves are also characterized on a seven-point scale of 0-6 difficulty categories. Similarly to routes, clarifications are also allowed here: for example, an obstacle of 5 ++ k. S. or 4-room with.

Rafting is a rather dangerous hobby, especially when it comes to routes of the 3rd and higher category of difficulty. The main dangers are:

  • overcoming powerful rapids and waterfalls;
  • falling into "barrels" and rubble, underwater pockets;
  • getting injured, hypothermia;
  • remoteness from civilization and, as a rule, lack of communication with rescue services;

On vacation, some of us met with this service, but not everyone fully understands what rafting is. This designation came to us from the West, and if it translates literally, the word "raft" means a raft. Rafting itself involves sailing along the river on a special boat. However, do not immediately imagine that you will be sailing along the quiet harbor in the company of two people. Rafting can also be carried out in a more turbulent river, where rocks, steep rapids and much more can be encountered on your way.

Thus, rafting is a descent along not wide recommands, where it is necessary to skillfully maneuver between rapids and ledges so that your boat does not capsize.

Rafting pros and cons

  • The first thing that can be immediately noted when rafting is the presence of beautiful landscapes and landscapes. Such services are often offered in very picturesque places that are far from the bustle of the city, for example, in Adygea and the Krasnodar Territory. Learn more about rafting in the area.
  • During extreme sports, a large amount of adrenaline is produced in the body.
  • Along with the increase in adrenaline during such walks, the mood also rises.
  • The most important plus is that it exerts a strong physical load on the upper body. For swimming, you need to row quickly with oars, which works well the muscles of the arms and back. Such a load burns excess calories well and speeds up the metabolism. True, it should be noted that rafting is predominantly a male sport, women often just enjoy the walk.
  • Rafting has been proven to improve coordination and balance. All these processes occur unconsciously, while a person is trying to keep the raft on the surface of the water.
  • Those who like this lesson can be engaged in rafting not only during rest, but also take part in competitions.

The downside is that this is an extreme activity that carries risks. Therefore, for beginners, who for the first time take the paddle and carry out their descent, the route is chosen in a quieter way, where the current is weak and there are few obstacles. The total duration of the walk is 1.5 - 2 hours. For more experienced rowers, there are trails with more turbulent currents and challenging terrain. Regardless of your experience, safety must always be kept in mind, so make sure you are equipped with all the necessary safety equipment for your descent.

Video: "What is rafting?"

Lately, many new words and concepts have entered our everyday life. This also includes the word. This word comes from the English word "raft", which translated into Russian means raft.

Nowadays, modern raft has very little in common with a traditional wooden raft. In the modern sense, a raft is an inflatable boat of a special design, made of modern materials, and which can accommodate from four to twenty people. The most widespread are boats with a capacity of up to ten people. A distinctive feature of a modern raft is its high stability on the water, we can say that this is a kind of all-terrain vehicle for traveling across the water.

The range of use of the raft is quite wide - from a one-day family walk on calm water, and ending with its use in multi-day expeditions along rough rivers, as well as during rescue operations. But the raft gained the greatest popularity on the so-called "white water" - rafting down the course of a turbulent river passing its various obstacles and rapids.

It is quite understandable that rafting on mountain rivers is an extreme activity that carries a certain share of risk to the health and life of its participants. The opinion that inexperienced beginners can raft on their own is deeply mistaken. Such an activity can be considered relatively safe and exciting only if the necessary safety standards are observed, an experienced guide is available, and if the complexity of the river section matches the level of training of the group. If we compare the passage of a mountain river on a kayak, catamaran or kayak, which require a fairly high level of training from the participants, rafting can be considered a fairly simple and more affordable way to conquer the water element. But the most important thing is that rafting does not lose its appeal for fans of extreme sports and thrills. Due to this, this method of overcoming mountain rivers has become widely popular among non-professionals, and has become quite often in demand in the fields of recreation and entertainment. Therefore, many travel agencies and companies in different countries offer their clients this type of extreme vacation.

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