Orienteering: what it really is

Orienteering: what it really is

On Sunday morning, people walk in the park or forest. Suddenly, athletes with cards begin to rush past. Many do not understand what is happening, where they are running and why in different directions and even towards each other. Something like this looks like an orienteering competition from the outside, but what is it really?

What is orienteering?

Orienteering is a sport in which the athlete is faced with the task of covering the distance indicated on the map the fastest. The winner is the one who not only covered the specified distance as quickly as possible, but also did it correctly.

The orienteer's inventory is:

2. terrain art with marked distance

3. SP for marking at checkpoints (CP)

4. orienteering boiling

For the competition, a detailed map of the area is drawn on a scale from 1: 5000 to 1: 15000, depending on the distance. There are also non-standard scales, depending on the situation. Further, a certain distance is compiled for each age group. It is plotted on the map, and special checkpoints are set up on the ground, equipped with a white-orange prism and an electronic base for marking. To mark on the checkpoint, the athlete uses a special chip that is attached to the finger.

After the start, which can be separate or massive, the orienteer runs away to a distance and disappears from the spectators' eyes. For entertainment, demonstration checkpoints can be organized near the audience. After the finish, the athlete must read the information from the chip with the result and the order of marking on the checkpoint. At competitions in a given direction, the participant must mark the control in the indicated order, and at a distance of his choice in an arbitrary.

At major competitions, special GPS sensors can be attached to athletes, which show their location at a distance in real time. This adds entertainment and clarity.

Basic rules of orienteering

There is a long list of rules for athletes, judges and organizers, but there are still some basic basic rules that are familiar to every orienteer. Basically, they all relate to the passage of the distance. In order for the athlete not to be removed, he must:

Orienteering is a popular sport that people of all ages can practice in winter and summer with any feasible load.

The essence of such a sport is to find and locate checkpoints on the map. The map and compass itself simplify searches, and orientation takes place in an open area. The winner is the one who first came to the finish line. The map displays the track in the form of control points - circles connected by segments.

It is prohibited to break the sequence of visiting points, this moment is controlled by marks. The beauty of this sport lies in the fact that everyone independently has the right to decide how to get to the next point marked on the map.

Orientation is considered an excellent option for active recreation, because it is a combination of interesting tasks and physical activity in the fresh air. Thanks to this pastime, muscles and brain activity are activated. To become a part of this sport, you need to have a basic knowledge of topography, skills in reading sports maps and terrain. The athlete will also need endurance, perseverance, observation and logic in order to compare the facts obtained and rationally build the route.

How orienteering started

The official homeland of this sport is Norway, because it was there in 1897 that the first competition took place. In other countries, attempts were previously recorded to organize such a competition, but they were in vain. In Norway, despite its success, orienteering did not initially take root and passed to the Finns and Swedes.

In 1905, Finland organized a whole orienteering union, and the first competition in Sweden happened in 1901. In the 30s, orienteering was recognized as widespread. Before and after World War II, each country had its own rules in this sport, but already in 1958 in Budapest, uniform rules were developed, which later became traditional.

1962 was marked by the victory of the Norwegian Listad and the athlete from Sweden Lundqvist, who became champions of the continent in the European championship, and in 1964 M. Tommen from Switzerland and E. Kohvakka from Finland became the winners in a similar competition. It is worth noting that in the team competition, an unconditional victory was awarded to girls from Sweden, who overtook their rivals by 40 minutes.

After World War II, orienteering faced a number of problems, because many athletes died a heroic death. Another reason for the decline of this sport was the classification of cards, in order to eliminate this problem, it was decided to destroy the cards after the competition.

Estonia is celebrating Orienteering Day 19. 6, because on that day in 1926 the competition was held for the first time, which gave Estonians an unforgettable experience. In 1959, Estonia held the first championship on its territory, and in 1964 the country began to organize an approximate Thursday, and in the mid-90s, age groups appeared, as well as types of orienteering.

Compass - what it is and how to use it

Those who have not yet experienced orienteering find that learning how to use a compass is an extremely difficult task. In fact, in order to understand the principle of operation of this device, you need to understand the meaning of the arrows and get used to it. Compasses are filled with air and liquid. You can study on the air one, because it is inexpensive, and the liquid one will be needed by professionals, since it is more expensive and gives more accurate indicators.

IOF (//)

The Covid-19 precautions taken for the World Ski Orienteering Championships are important and the IOF expects similar precautions for other upcoming major IOF events. The precautions taken rest on two pillars; IOF Bulletin and Events Bulletin Specific to Covid-19 Precautions. READ MORE.

Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation (//)

The following documents were sent to the FSOR:


FSR Secretariat (//)

The FSOR Secretariat informs about the following:

- MINUTES of the meeting of the FSOR Executive Committee 10.2.021.

- DRAFT FSSR Events Calendar for 2022

- DRAFT Calendar of FSSR Events for 2023

- LETTER from the Ministry of Sports about the competition "Russian Azimuth 2021"

- REPORT on receipt and expenditure of funds for the World Universiade

Russian Cup (//)

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