Mountain tourism is a kind of sport and active recreation, the essence of which lies in the passage of a linear route along mountainous terrain

Sports tourism

Distance (mountaineering)

Mountain distance is a discipline in sports mountain tourism, competitions in which take place in overcoming distances laid in the natural environment or on artificial relief.

Mast bayonet

A mast bayonet is a nautical knot made up of a pair of knots. In mountaineering, this knot is made up of three knots - stirrup, reef, control, and is used to temporarily stop when moving on a rope and self-belay. In Ashley's book of knots, the knot is described as 1851, and is named "Backhanded Hitch".

ⓘ Mountain tourism

Mountain tourism is a kind of sport and active recreation, the essence of which is to pass a linear route along mountainous terrain. One of the types of sports tourism.

Included in the All-Russian Register of Sports under the number 084 003 1 8 1 Ya. The complexity of mountain tourist routes according to the Russian classification is determined by a set of formalized requirements, the main of which are the length of the route, the time to overcome it, the number and category of difficulty local LP obstacles passed during it.

Competitions in mountain tourism, mountain tourism technology or tourist all-around are held in two disciplines: "distance" - formalized competitions on usually natural terrain, involving the passage of groups of athletes in a certain composition for speed and compliance with safety requirements of a predetermined set of obstacles , and "route" - definitions of the strongest sports groups in a certain class among the declared participation in the championship.

Until the end of the 19th century, this type of active recreation in Russia was not developed and was considered exotic - the lot of individual financially wealthy representatives of the nobility, merchants, etc. mountain tourism was identified, due to which, in a fairly short time, it became a mass phenomenon. The division of mountaineering and mountain tourism took place in the USSR in the 1930s on purely formal grounds, and this, according to experts, led to negative consequences for the development of these sports and the emergence of "wild tourism" - information about the passage of those or other routes, including ascents, did not fall into official sources. Only since 1989 mountain tourists were allowed to include mountaineering ascents in their routes.

As a sport, it is widespread exclusively in Russia and a number of CIS countries.

A Brief History

Tourism business in Russia: development problems

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In Omsk, with the help of the Deputy Minister of Culture, the travel agency "Hooked and I" was closed

It should be said right away that this organization is known and loved by many Omichi. The guys did not stupidly cut money from the resale of foreign tours, but effectively organized their unique regional tourist routes. And their annual Tourfest, which in fact has no analogues, is a tourism festival in the format of a free tourist quest at many venues, which attracted adults and children from all over the city and the surrounding area. At the closing we did not hesitate to announce who we should thank for the elimination of regional tourism:

I wonder if the regional authorities will understand the situation, and whether the deputy minister will note the personal involvement of the deputy minister?

The Man with the Backpack: The Story of Evolution

It is not known for certain when the backpack appeared on the man's back. But no one doubts the fact that this happened for the king of Peas, and even during the youth of his great-grandfather. A find, unique in its significance for this issue, was made in 1992 on the territory of the Similaun glacier, which is in the Alps.

Curious anthropologists have unearthed a perfectly preserved corpse of a prehistoric citizen near Innsbruck, entered in the expeditionary register as a "man with a backpack."

As you might have guessed, he wore an equally well-preserved leather backpack on his back. The role of the frame was played by a U-shaped frame made of two vertically arranged wooden blocks (presumably from hazel), the rigidity of the structure was provided by horizontal beams connected from below. In the backpack of an ancient traveler, the main part of his "manatoks" was found, which made it possible to establish the age of the entire find - approximately 2700 BC. Simple arithmetic allows us to conclude that the oldest known backpack is almost 5000 years old!

A backpack on the back was also seen on the wandering Jesus Iosifovich, he was also an element of the military equipment of the Roman legionnaires, and the formidable Knights Templar, during foot marches, preferred to carry their belongings through a wooden frame equipped with harnesses, which is nothing other than the prototype of the modern easel backpack. No less practical were the Indians of North America, who equipped an ordinary maple board with straps and a soft forehead strap, and transported their hunting trophies using the resulting design.

By the way, it will be said that the term "backpack" (from the German "Ruсksask") is translated as "a bag that is carried behind the back." In times closer to us, a man with a backpack has become a common phenomenon: this item has firmly entered the everyday life of almost every paramilitary structure in the world, and it was the army men who invented the vast majority of the types of backpacks that exist today. This is quite natural, because a fighter needs to carry quite a lot of equipment with him, while his hands should be either free or busy with the main weapon.

Over time, the traveler's backpack has changed significantly - leather and primitive wooden frames were replaced by durable canvas and a steel frame, which, in turn, were replaced by nylon and aluminum. But the first tourists and climbers "carried" military-style backpacks.

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