Fitness originated in Ancient Greece. It was here that they first began to talk about the beauty and harmony of the human body. We have all heard the story of how 300 Spartans fought a huge army of Persians. The Greek warriors had many feats that they owe to their physical form.
Just as the Greek philosophers are considered the founders of modern science, so the athletes of those times laid the foundations of modern sports. About what kinds of sports were popular in Ancient Greece and how athletes of those times trained - in our material. Athletes created proportions through training and the first techniques also originated in the Greeks.
The classical competitive distance was 192 meters, double, respectively - 384 meters.
Running was often combined with fighting exercises and tasks. The most difficult discipline was "military run" - it was performed with a shield (weight - 8 kg) and in a helmet weighing 2 kg with a slot only for the eyes.
Similar training is now used by MMA fighters and crossfitters. Instead of the former equipment, special sledges are now used - rod disks are immersed on them and pushed in front of them while running. You can also use a rope to tie the same discs to your belt and run, dragging them from behind.
When choosing a weight, it is necessary to use the progressive load method (in all types of training), which was invented by the Greek athlete Milon of Croton back in 520 BC. ... This will help you quickly achieve the desired results without harm to the body.
Fistfights took place with belts wound around their hands. Boxing was especially encouraged in Sparta, and it was introduced into the program of the Olympic Games.
Pankration has a lot in common with modern MMA. You can still use ancient Greek practices. The “quaternary system” was developed by Philostratus, a sage from Ancient Greece.
This is a cycle of 4 days, each of which is dedicated to a specific activity:
Review OLVIAN AGONS (tests) are preparing for the summer multi-day festival in Parutino.
The main point is to prove the continuity and living tradition in culture, military affairs and religious beliefs from the Mix-Hellenes and Hellenized nomads to the Cherkassians and Cossacks.
One of the sports that was cultivated in Olbia, in contrast to other ancient policies, is shooting from a compound Scythian bow. The same shape of bows and expensive family sagaydaks can be seen on the ceremonial "Sarmatian portraits" of the Cossack foreman and the gentry. For example, Prince of Russia Dimitar Koribut Vishnevetsky.
A compound bow was fired by pulling not the bowstring, but the frame itself. Spinning the case back gave more energy. The Yases of Hungary have retained the technique of shooting backwards as part of an ancient ritual. The principle of a false attack and a false retreat for shooting at an excited and not keeping formation on the advancing enemy, for which the Scythians were famous, in the 20th century was successfully applied by Nestor Makhno on his carts.
Returning to the tasks of preparing festivals in Parutino and seasonal tourist attractions (mobile archery ranges), we note the high level of archery sports in Nikolaev and the popularity of shooting from sports bows of various designs. However - not Scythian and not Tatar, and not Cossack. In general, such inventory is not yet on sale. We need to look for contacts with historical reconstruction clubs.
The public and commercial center of each city-state was the central square - agora. Public buildings were built around it (pritanei - the building of meetings of the executive power, dicasteries - courts, gymnasiums - philosophical and sports schools, etc.). The theater has always been one of the most important public buildings in Greek cities. Remains of theaters were opened in Chersonesos and Olbia.
Races on four horses in chariots (quadrigi) at the ancient hippodrome
The classic Hellenic competition was in line with the ancient Olympic Games: short-distance running: stages (about 180 m) and two stages, long-distance running; wrestling, fistfighting, throwing darts, spears and discs at a distance.
The sequence of movements in ancient long jump with dumbbells
Long jumps with dumbbells were carried out using a very interesting technique using their inertia. Horse racing and chariot races are witnessed in Olbia.
In the Northern Black Sea region, barbaric types of competitions are also witnessed: horse racing, throwing a lasso, shooting a Scythian bow,
Simultaneously with the sports competitions, musical (in honor of the muses) agons and tests were held: readers, singers, and actors competed.
The most popular sports on the continent are football, rugby, cycling, cricket. Interest in them has developed among Africans since the beginning of the 20th century, when the colonialists "brought" their culture and customs.