Set yourself the task of quickly pulling up, increasing endurance, and in general, conscience tortured, what about sports while on "you"? In this case, rock climbing is perfect! What he needs: comfortable shoes, a special training ground and, most importantly, a safety system (harness), without which you can't go up and down.
The harness is a whole complex of different devices and is divided into 3 types:
Bottom harness (arbor)
The bottom harness can be called basic. This is essentially a belt and ribbons that wrap around the legs. All this is connected to each other by a ring. In such a safety system, it is comfortable not only to climb and hang, but also to walk. Its main task is to distribute the load on the body at the moment of the rope pull in the event of a break or fall.
While sometimes just one bottom harness may not be enough, most modern climbers are limited to a gazebo. The main disadvantage of this choice is that when falling from a height, there is a possibility of the climber turning upside down.
Unlike the lower one, the upper harness is now almost never used separately. The reason is that during a fall from a height, such a belay system can severely compress the chest. And it is not advisable to hang on this harness for a long time - it makes breathing difficult. Therefore, it is advisable to use the upper harness in conjunction with the lower one. In this case, the first task will be to correctly distribute the load on the body. In addition, in the event of a break, it will not allow a person to fall out of the lower harness.
The name "full harness" speaks for itself: it provides very good protection in case of a fall, and after it helps to orient the body correctly - it does not allow a person to flounder upside down. Such a harness is used for high-rise work, for example, when cleaning panoramic windows on skyscrapers. For industrial mountaineering, belay systems are too heavy, so they are not suitable for climbers, tourists who usually try to lighten their burden on hikes.
As a rule, such a harness is used in amusement parks, where people jump up on trampolines and down from great heights. And also on difficult climbs and on steep cliffs, where the risk of falling down is too great.
The climbing system or, in other words, the harness most often consists of two parts - upper and lower, which are connected with a mustache by a bowline knot. This creates two knots for self-belay and rope fixation. This technique originated at the time of the birth of mountaineering in the Soviet Union and is still used today.
The lower part of the belay is always used, and the upper part, most often, is worn only in difficult ascents or on steep cliffs, where there is the possibility of a breakdown and injury to the back due to a sharp load. In addition, it is recommended to wear it if there is a risk of hanging upside down in order to avoid losing consciousness.
When connecting the upper and lower parts, the carabiner is not used due to the fact that in the event of a sharp jerk, the carabiner may not withstand the load. Therefore, to connect the climbing harness, a rope is used and fixed on.
Currently, many manufacturers produce a combined strapping, as it is also called, five-point. She braids you with her ribbons and does not let you fall out.
Double harness is also common for industrial mountaineering. In the second case, it has wider ribbons, a reinforced belt and is much heavier.
Also, most often, special metal rings are inserted into it, the back and legs are additionally strengthened, which allows you to be in the harness for a long time and not experience discomfort, but during the hike it noticeably increases the weight of the backpack.
It is easy to put on, in front it is connected, most often, with a carabiner or has ordinary loops. This design is very convenient and saves time for preparing for the ascent or work.
If you find yourself in a situation where you have nothing at hand except a rope, and belay is necessary for the descent, do not despair - there is no way to get out of the situation.