Brazil is an interesting country, conquering with its originality, beautiful nature and wonderful culture. To preserve its unique nature, a huge number of reserves have been created.
The Pantanal Nature Reserve is a very interesting area. Most of the reserve is a swamp covered with a dense layer of vegetation. Due to the unique microclimate that has developed in this area, amazing species of animals live here. Researchers have counted six and a half hundred species of birds, two and a half hundred underwater inhabitants, more than a hundred mammals, half a hundred reptiles.
This reserve will be of interest to a wide range of travelers: from ordinary city dwellers tired of the modern pace of life, to such restless explorers as photographers and fishermen.
Here you can ride a boat, ride a horse. Fishermen from all over the world are in a hurry to find their very fish here, office clerks - to see beautiful butterflies against the backdrop of amazing nature with their own eyes, and not through a monitor screen.
Recently, eco-tourism has become a very fashionable direction in the field of recreation. And this reserve is the perfect place for this kind of vacation. You can just be in this area and dissolve in nature, listening to the songs of several hundred species of birds, enjoying the huge and amazing butterflies.
On the territory of this reserve there is a very popular tourist center called Bonito. This region has a well-developed infrastructure for the convenience of tourists. Here you can find a huge number of rivers, waterfalls, caves, each of which must be visited.
Bonito is a small town, however, it is one with nature, it exists, immersed in greenery. The city serves as a kind of entrance to the Pantanal, so thousands of tourists pass through it every year.
The climate of Brazil and the Pantanal is tropical. The rains start in October and end in April. The warmest months fall in late spring and end in mid-autumn. During the rains, this area resembles a huge swamp. Due to the abundance of water, the territory acquires a rich green color. The water level in reservoirs can rise up to three meters. When there is no rain, nature has more yellow hues.
However, these are not all colors that can be found in the reserve. There are many different plants and animals that add color to the Pantanal landscape.
The only Portuguese-speaking American country.
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With an area of 8.5 million km², the country ranks 5th in the world after the USA, Canada, China and Russia. Brazil shares borders with all South American states except Chile and Ecuador. In the east, the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. In the southern and central regions stretches the Brazilian plateau, in the northern one stretches the Amazonian lowland, passing into the spurs of the Guiana plateau. The south is occupied by the Pantanal lowland. The Greatest Amazon, São Francisco and Parana are the main rivers of the country.
State language: Portuguese. Knowledge of English is of little use to you here. But in French you will be perfectly understood, because it is quite similar to Portuguese.
Religion: Catholicism (64.6%), Protestantism (22.4%). It is the country with the largest Catholic population on the planet.
Currency: Brazilian real (BRL), symbol - R $, numeric code - 986.
Favorite sports games: football first of all (approx. 75% of Brazilians (both sexes) love football); F1, basketball, capoeira (national martial art).
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The population is 207.657 million people. More than 95% of the population are Brazilians - a nation formed as a result of long-term contact of 3 major earthly races. Brazil has long been a colony of Portugal, three colors are mixed on the Brazilian palette: white - the Portuguese and immigrants from Europe, black - African blacks imported to work on plantations, and yellow - the local Indian population.
Since the beginning of colonization, the process of assimilation was very active: there were very few women among the colonizers, so they chose their friends among Indian women and African slaves. As a result, several ethnic types (mixed) were formed:
• Mulattoes (descendants of whites and blacks),
Football Brazil is home to a crazy and colorful carnival, the impenetrable Amazon jungle and the Iguazu cascades. Every year millions of tourists come for the famous beaches of Ipanema and Copacabana, luxury hotels, great cuisine, warm Atlantic Ocean and aromatic coffee. What else the largest country in South America has to offer, read further in the article.
From 1500 to 1822, Brazil was a Portuguese colony. After gaining independence, the country was considered an empire, and after that it changed the system to a republican one. Despite the participation in many international organizations, and the ownership of vast territories, Brazil cannot be called a rich country. Many local residents live below the poverty line.
The Portuguese have had a significant impact on Brazilian culture, with a large number of Catholics, Gothic buildings, landmarks and landmarks that are reminiscent of the presence in the region of Europe. We must not forget about football, the national team won the world championship in the European sport five times. In 2014, Brazil hosted the FIFA World Cup, and two years later, the Summer Olympic Games.
The country is located under the influence of several climatic zones. On the coast, the weather is comfortable all year round, in the southern regions the air temperature drops to + 10º. The rainy season in Rio lasts all winter, while in Salvador it lasts spring. Most often, travelers come to the country for the New Year and in February for unique events that are distinguished by the richness of colors and emotions.
There are connecting flights from Moscow to Rio de Janeiro in France, Spain, Great Britain and the Netherlands. Flights from the capital of Russia to Sao Paulo are carried out via Germany, France, Spain and Switzerland. The average flight duration is 18 hours. There are no direct flights from Moscow to Brazil.
You can get to Salvador, Recife, Natal or Fortaleza by connecting in Madrid or Lisbon. This also applies to citizens of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan. There are no direct flights from Kiev, Minsk and Astana to Brazil. In some cases, you have to perform up to three connections in different regions. Consider this information if you are going to visit a South American country.
One of the largest cities in Brazil and the most popular resort in the country is Rio de Janeiro. Rio is famous for its white long Copacabana and Ipanema beaches, a botanical garden, cable car and Sugar Head, which offer stunning views of the metropolis. The old district is interesting for architectural monuments and museums. On the territory of the capital, a carnival is held annually. During the event, competitions and musical performances are held.
The former capital of the country, Salvador, still retains the atmosphere of a colonial state. The colorful resort has an extensive beach area. The city's surroundings are attracted by the beautiful islands of Itaparica and Ilha de Mare. Salvador is famous for the pompous Rio Branco Palace, a city park with bike paths, restaurants, bars, a theater, a beautiful bridge and Lovers' Garden.
Amazing Buzios combines provincial charm with well-developed infrastructure. This town adorns the peninsula on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. The resort's beaches attract fans of surfing, windsurfing, diving and fishing. Buzios is also interesting for the Taua and Emerencias nature reserves, numerous restaurants, bars, nightclubs, an art gallery, film festivals and a three-hour cruise between neighboring islands.
Angra Dos Reis is considered the most elite Brazilian resort, popular with world celebrities. Not far from the coast of the city, adorned with mountains and dense Atlantic forest, there is a colossal number of tiny islets.
Tourism in Brazil is growing and one of the key sectors of the Brazilian economy. In 2010, more than 5 million people visited the country, making the country the second largest tourist destination in South America and third in Latin America after Mexico and Argentina. Income from international tourism, which in 2010 reached $ 5.9 billion, shows the country's recovery from the economic crisis of 2008-2009 . In 2011, tourism revenue was $ 6.7 billion with 5.4 million tourists  .
Brazil offers a wide variety of leisure options for tourists: ecological tourism, which is one of the most popular, resorts, adventure tourism, as well as historical and cultural tourism. The most popular destinations are the Amazon rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast region, the Pantanal depression, the beaches of Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural and historical tourism in Minas Gerais, and business tourism in São Paulo.
International Tourism 
According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), international tourism in Brazil began to grow rapidly since 2000, particularly in 2004 and 2005. However, in 2006 there was a slowdown in the growth of tourist travel, and in 2007 and 2008 there was almost no growth    . Despite this decline, international tourism revenues continue to grow, from $ 3.8 billion in 2005 to $ 4.9 billion in 2007. This positive trend is a result of the strong devaluation of the US dollar against the Brazilian real that began in 2004. [14 ]. But this trend reversed in 2009 when visitor numbers and revenues fell as a result of the 2008-2009 economic crisis . By 2010, the industry recovered, the number of tourists reached the 2006 level (5.1 million), and the income amounted to $ 5.9 billion . In 2011, a record was set - 5.4 million visitors and more than $ 6.7 billion in profits  .
Despite continued growing tourism revenues, the number of Brazilian tourists traveling abroad has grown steadily since 2003. Overseas tourism spending rose from $ 5.7 billion in 2006 to $ 8.2 billion in 2007 (spending rose 42.45%). This trend is driven by Brazilians who have taken advantage of Real Madrid on their travels, which results in relatively cheap spending abroad . In 2006, 3.9% of the country's population traveled abroad .
In 2005, tourism revenues accounted for 3.2% of the country's profits from exports of goods and services, and also represented 7% of jobs in the Brazilian economy . In 2006, direct employment in this sector reached 1.8 million people . Domestic tourism is one of the main market segments for industry, in 2005 51 million Brazilians traveled throughout the country , and their revenues reached $ 21.8 billion , which is 5.6 times more than from foreign tourists ...
In 2005, the most visited cities in Brazil were Rio de Janeiro, Foz do Iguacu, Sao Paulo, Florianopolis and El Salvador. The most popular business travel destinations were Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre. 
The most visited cities in Brazil in 2005  Leisure, resorts Business tourism Other destinations Location (2005) City, district% Location (2005) City, district% Location (2005) City, district% 1-еRio- de Janeiro 31.1 Sao Paulo 49 1st Sao Paulo 32 2nd Iguazu 17 2nd Rio de Janeiro 22 2nd Rio de Janeiro 25 3rd Sao Paulo 13 3 -ePorto-Alegre 8. 3-e-Belu-Horizonte 6. 4-th Florianopolis 12-th. Curitiba 5. 4-th. Salvador 6. 5-th. Salvador 11. 5-e. 6. 6th Campinas 4. 6th Curitiba 4. 7th Fortaleza 6. 7th Brasilia 3. 7th Florianopolis 4. 8th Natal 5. 8th Iguazu 3. 8th Port Alegre 3. 9th Buzius 5. 9 Salvador 2.9th Fortaleza 3.10thManaus 4.10thFlorianopolis 1.10thBrazilia 3.
Tourists from Argentina (20.%), USA (12.%) and Italy (5.%) visit Brazil most of all. List of countries whose tourists most often visit Brazil in 2006-2008:
Below is a comparative summary of the key tourism indicators of Brazil versus Latin America. The indicators are shown in the table below.
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