Dynamics of development of international tourism by regions of the world - section Tourism, Geography of tourism.
Income from tourism in European countries in 2001 amounted to more than 230 billion US dollars (48% of world tourism receipts). The most visited countries by tourists in Europe are France (2001 - 76.5 million tourists), Spain (49.5 million people), Italy (39.1 million people). And in total, among the 10 most attractive countries in the world, 6 are located in Europe (Table 3).
In Europe, in terms of tourist arrivals, the leading position is occupied by the Mediterranean countries (Italy, Spain, Greece), which account for about 1/5 of the world market.
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System of Geographic Sciences From the data in Table 1, it can be seen that recreational geography is included in the block of humanitarian geographic dissertations
Tourist and recreational macroregions and regions of the world, their brief overview The process of dismemberment of the territory, in which areas are identified by the presence of special recreational features (for example, by the favorable natural and climatic conditions for tourism) and separation
International tourism grew by 4% in the first half of 2019. According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the pace of development of the sector is slowing down and approaching its traditional average annual values.
The XXIII session of the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has officially started in St. Petersburg. For 4 days, from 9 to 13 September, the city on the Neva will become the world capital of tourism. By the beginning of this status event, UNWTO has prepared the next World Tourism Barometer, which describes the main trends in the tourism & travel sector in the first half of 2019.
International tourist arrivals increased by 4% from January to June 2019 compared to the same period last year, according to this study. Worldwide, 671 million international tourist arrivals were recorded, which is almost 30 million more than in the same period in 2018. As UNWTO emphasizes, the growth in the number of arrivals is returning to its "historical trend" and is in line with the organization's forecast for the dynamics of international tourist arrivals in 2019: + 3% - 4%. In the past years, the sector has shown dynamics of 6%.
The countries of the Middle East (+ 8%) and the Asia-Pacific region (+ 6%) added the most in tourist flows in the first half of the year. Europe saw an increase in arrivals of 4%, while Africa (+ 3%) and America (+ 2%) saw more moderate growth in tourist arrivals.
According to UNWTO experts, so far the driving factors for the development of international tourism have been a strong economy, affordable air travel, increased air traffic and visa facilitation.
However, weaker economic performance, continued uncertainty over Brexit, trade and technology tensions and growing geopolitical issues have begun to weigh on business and consumer confidence, reflected in more cautious outlooks for the sector.
International tourist arrivals in Europe in the first half of 2019 grew by 4%, with the most visited region in the world ending the first and second quarters with a plus (April: + 8% and June: +6 %).
According to UNWTO experts, the growth of European tourism was facilitated by Easter holidays, steady demand from foreign markets such as the USA, China, Japan, and the Persian Gulf. Intraregional demand also plays an important role, although performance in the main European commodity markets has been uneven amid a weakening economy.
Asia-Pacific (+ 6%) recorded growth above the world average largely due to the outbound travel of Chinese tourists. The growth leaders in the first half of 2019 were South Asia and Northeast Asia (both regions + 7%), followed by Southeast Asia (+ 5%) and Oceania (+ 1%).
In the Americas (+ 2%), results improved in the second quarter after a weak start to the year. The Caribbean (+ 11%) continues to recover from hurricanes Irma and Maria at the end of 2017, recording strong demand from a market as strong as the United States.
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