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Presentation for schoolchildren on the theme "Development of international tourism in the 70-90s of the XX century" in geography. pptCloud. u - a convenient directory with the ability to download a powerpoint presentation for free.
Topic 8 Development of international tourism in the 70-90s of the XX century. The current state of tourism Department of Tourism and Hotel - Restaurant Business Lecturer Burilova Valeria Sergeevna
Plan of lecture 2 Socio-economic preconditions for the development of tourism in the 70-90s Expansion of the geography of tourism Increase in the power of tourist flows Development of the tourism industry
Study material Socio-economic preconditions for the development of tourism in the 70-90s. 3 From an economic point of view, tourism is one of the leading and most dynamic sectors of the world economy. For its rapid growth, it has been recognized as the economic phenomenon of the century. Tourism is a fundamental and developing country in the world. According to the World Tourism Organization, the contribution of tourism to the world economy is equivalent to 11-12% of the world's gross national product. Tourism accounts for about 7% of total capital investment, 11% of global consumer spending, 5% of all tax revenues, about 7% of revenues from world exports, which in absolute terms is second only to revenues from the export of oil and petroleum products, and cars.
Analysis of trends in the development of world tourism until 1990 was carried out by a WTO working group based on a comparison of indicators characterizing global tourism in the second half of the XX century. 1970 - a period of established tendencies towards peace and stability in the overwhelming part of the planet Earth, the resolution of socio-political situations, the search for new forms of economic and political interaction of a diverse world; 1990 - the period of high technologies of the tourism and hospitality industry, the development of large transnational tourism corporations, hotel chains and international associations of transport and catering enterprises, and at the same time the peak of large-scale changes on the political map of the world that occurred after social upheavals and conflicts in a wide area of Europe, The Middle East, South Asia and other militarily and politically troubled regions. The past 20 years (1970-1991) were characterized by a high growth in the number of people involved in global tourism: 1970 - 160 million, tourist arrivals, 1991 - 450 million, i.e. the growth in the number of arrivals increased by 2.8 times. Educational material Socio-economic prerequisites for the development of tourism in the 70-90s 4
The indicator of monetary receipts from international tourism had a similar trend. Growth in receipts: 18 billion US dollars in 1970 and up to 260 billion US dollars in 1991 (14.4 times growth over 20 years) Over these years, the peaks of growth in receipts from tourism were in 1965, 1970, 1973 , 1977, 1980, 1987 and 1990 The largest decline was noted in 1960, 1967, 1971, 1982 and 1991. Annual statistics have noted a sharp rise in the growth of arrivals in 1965, 1970, 1975, 1977, 1984. and recession in 1967, 1976, 1982 and 1991 Educational material Socio-economic preconditions for the development of tourism in the 70-90s 5
Sharp jumps in income indicate temporary outflows and inflows of "average" tourists and the share of long-distance travel and the number of tourists with a large income of funds. Movements, in particular, in terms of low arrivals can be explained by the influence of unfavorable factors that have taken place in the world. So, 1967 and 1971. marked by outbreaks of the Middle East crisis, 1982 - the aggravation of tension between the West and the East, 1991 was the peak of socio-political upheavals in Eastern Europe, the regions of the former USSR, in the Near and Middle East. Educational material Socio-economic prerequisites for the development of tourism in the 70-90s 6
If, in terms of tourist arrivals, Europe approximately retained its share in the global flow: 1970 - 66.5%, 1991 - 67.8%, then in terms of receipts from tourism its share in 1991 was significantly increased, reaching 52.6% (1970 - 41.3%). A different picture has developed in the American region: by arrivals - in 1970 - 50.5%, in 1991 - 21.8%. The participation of other regions in world tourism has been redistributed. By arrivals: Africa (1970 - 2.1%, 1991 2.9%, in 1995 - 3.8%); South Asia (1970 - 0.2%, 1991 - - 0.7%, 1995 - 0.75%: the virtual absence of growth is caused by the constant military-political tension in the region); Southeast Asia, Far East and Oceania (1970 - 0.7%, 1991 - 14.7%, 1995 - 3.5%; the increase is due to the powerful entry into the world flows of tourists from Japan, China, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore. The Middle East region was also characterized by an increase in the share of the world flow: (in 1970 - 0.7%, 1991 - 1.6%, 1995 - 2.4%). Educational material Socio-economic prerequisites for the development of tourism in the 70-90s 7
Educational material Socio-economic prerequisites for the development of tourism in the 70-90s 8
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