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The Norwegian Experience: Is Oil Good or Bad? How to avoid the resource curse
There are enough examples in the world of creating a powerful economy based on the export of resources - the United States, Canada, Australia and, of course, Norway, but news from Norway rarely gets on the front pages of the world media, even less often - excites the world community. But this country is worth it, explained analysts of the Norwegian traders and investors community of the Masterforex-V Academy of Forex and Exchange Trading.
Is oil good or evil for the development of the potential of the country and its economy? Speaking recently in the State Duma with the traditional report on the work of the government, Vladimir Putin, responding to the oil boom in the world, said that it is important for Russia not to waste the revenues from the rise in hydrocarbon prices, that a favorable situation in raw materials should not stir up the country. This statement gave a new impetus to another discussion in the news media about the danger of the so-called "resource curse". This fashionable theory, as you know, points to the relationship between large revenues from the export of natural resources and poor economic development of the country, which is reflected in the suppression of development and a decrease in the competitiveness of other sectors of the economy, an appreciation of the national currency, an increase in inflation and unemployment. Experts and analysts scrupulously calculate how many countries in the world that have not received any benefit from hydrocarbon abundance, but, on the contrary, have ruined their economies. Well, in general, the guard, oil prices are rising, the middle name is in danger!
Norway: "overseas miracle" through the eyes of statistics
On the one hand, Norway really has nothing to attract the attention of the world's news media:
In many ways, Norway appears to be uncharted land. Until now, the country seems to be a remote corner of Europe. Most tourists, apart from Oslo and the famous fjords, know nothing else. Huge spaces in the north and east of Malonsevelen, and here you can travel for hours without meeting any living soul. In addition to Oslo, one of the most beautiful capitals of the world thanks to its location, large and interesting cities are also ancient Trondheim, Bergen on the outskirts of the fjords and mountainous Northern Tromsø, a good travel base for rural surroundings. This is a beautiful area for walking and hiking.
Tourists attract Western fjords, where every fragment of the landscape looks spectacularly. In the depths of the country, go from Bergen or Ondalsnes (there is a train from Oslo) or you can spend more time on the inspection of countless towns and villages on the coast. Further north are beautiful Lofoten Islands. In the north, tourists go to a long trip to the MOPU of Northskap - the northernmost point of mainland Europe. The path here runs along the province of Finmark - the mysterious wilderness, where the Arctic Tundra extends. This is one of the places where the sami dying tribe with their herds of reindeer lives.
Public transport in Norway is extremely reliable. In winter (especially in the north), public transport works in abbreviated mode, but no country area remains in isolation. The list of major air, bus, rail and water routes is contained in the free NRI Guide to Transport and Accommodation brochure, which can be taken in the Norwegian tourism management, also in all local turbuings there are detailed schedules of regional transport. There are four main railway routes in the country: Oslo - Stockholm Line in the East, to Christiansanne and Stavanger in the south-west, to Bergen in the West and Trondheim and then to Fauske and BE North.
The nature of the country is such that for each of these routes it is worth a trip. So, you can drive along a tiny female branch from Rauma to Ontylsnes, as well as for six and a half hours from Oslo to Bergen. INTER RAIL, EURAIL and SCAN RAIL railway cards operate in Norway. Scan Rail and Inter Rail and to a lesser extent, EURAIL provide large discounts on major ferries and long-distance bus routes. By buses, you will mostly have to use the Western Fjords and the Far North. Tickets are inexpensive and usually purchased on the bus, as well as in advance on bus station. Information about specific routes and schedules can be obtained in local turbuo: Some types of cards sell Nor-Way Bussekspress.
In Norway, great pleasure is delivered to the ferry trips. Tariffs are different and amount to 18-24 crowns from a passenger for 10-15 minutes drive. Bus rates include the faith fare. Some of the busier waterways have kiosks that pay on arrival, but for the most part, crew members collect fees at the pier or on board. The so-called high-speed ships (Hurtigrute) run along the coast between Bergen and Kirkenes with stops at thirty or more points. Travel on these ships is more expensive than travel by bus - for example, a six-hour flight will cost 500 kroons for a passenger and 800 kroons for a car with a driver. On deck or in the cabins upstairs, you can sleep and use the shower on the lower deck. Every ship has cafes and restaurants around the clock. Bicycles are charged at 10% of the carriage charge.
Economy-class tourists, climbers and skiers mainly live in hostels, of which there are about a hundred in the country, operating under the auspices of Norske Vandrerhjem. Prices vary; in more expensive establishments, almost half of the cost of living is for a good breakfast. Most places also have double rooms for 250-450 CZK. Non-members of the association pay an additional 25 CZK per day. From June to mid-September, you need to inquire in advance about available seats. Most hostels are closed from 11:00 to 16:00 and often lock up at 23:00 or midnight.
There are hundreds of official campsites in Norway that are easily accessible by public transport. On average, you will have to pay 80-160 CZK per day for a tent for two people. Most campsites provide huts (hytter), usually with four beds, a kitchen, sometimes with a bathroom, from 250 to 750 CZK. You can also pitch your tent in an open area 150 meters from private property. The hotels here are too expensive for tourists on a budget: the cheapest double room will cost around 700 CZK.
However, you can find cheaper places, especially in summer, when most hotels offer 20-40% discounts. A double room in a guesthouse (pensjonater) in tourist areas costs about CZK 500, breakfast is usually not included. The travel agency in larger settlements can find private accommodation for you for 300-350 CZK for a double room with an additional service fee of 15-25 CZK (often such housing is not in the center).
Food and Drink in Norway
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