Italy and international tourism

Economy of Italy

(Updated 09 Feb 2021). the May (2020) forecast aroused the anger of colleagues, but came true: the season passed in Italy without the Russians. Time to look into the future. When will Italy open the border for tourists from Russia, and what will tourism be like then?

In March 2020, RATA-news and Turdom quoted my opinion that the Italian border will be closed to Russian tourists until the end of the season. And so it happened. But from the fact that the country will not open until a certain date, it does not yet follow that flights will be resumed soon. Here I will share my point of view on the timing of the renewal, insider information and opinions of colleagues, and also tell you what Russian tourism in Italy might look like.

September facts

Demand for normality

In this situation, the current status quo is not a big loss!

And yet, I hope for a positive, because I see a demand for normality and a familiar way - both in Italy and in Russia. In addition, Italians and Russians are friendly to each other, and even political turmoil is not yet moving to the everyday level. Therefore, the recovery of tourism in 2021 will take place, but not for everyone and with restrictions.

Since spring, tourists from neighboring countries of the European Union have been pouring into Italy.

  • 50% of all overnight stays in Italy are provided by Italians themselves.
  • 30% - at the expense of other EU countries, including the UK.
  • 20% - tourists from all external countries.

The American market for Italy is number two after the German one. Next to the Americans are only the British and the French.

By spring 2021, Europe will have to decide whether to sacrifice the external market. Southern countries will insist on opening. I think they will.

Black Swans

Italy ranks fourth in the ranking of economically developed countries of the European Union and eighth in the world in 2020-2021. The Italian economy is a post-industrial mixed model that continues to develop actively.

Italy and the world economy

Italy positions itself on the world market as a state with an industrially developed economy in its northern part and an agricultural sector in its southern part.

Italy's place in the world economy

PlaceName of countries1USA (American economy) 2China3Japan4Germany (German economy) 5France6United Kingdom7Brazil8Italy

With a population of over 61 million, Italy's GDP is estimated at about US $ 30,000 per person per year, which is considered a high figure. GDP per capita continues to grow.

The share of state capital in the field of industry is significant, therefore the sectoral structure of the Italian economy is a state-monopoly form of government.

The State Institute for Industrial Reconstruction is a holding that unites over 150 enterprises, mostly under the leadership of the government. It is included in the top 10 industrial world economic groups.

The state holding includes the following industries:

  • Energy - 90%.
  • Transport infrastructure enterprises - 50%.
  • Metallurgy - 45%.
  • Mining - 30%.
  • Mechanical engineering in the field of civil transport, automobile industry - 20%.
  • Some light industry enterprises.
  • Some banks.

The ratio of imports and exports to Italy's GDP is 27 to 26%. Products that will be further processed in production (raw materials, materials) make up 70% of imports. From 80 to 97% of all manufactured products are exported.

The state influences not only the gross domestic product (GDP).

Of all European countries, Italy is perhaps the most difficult to define. Italy is a modern industrial state, a trendsetter of style, whose designers define fashion trends all over the world every season. At the same time, this is a Mediterranean state with all the attendant circumstances: most of the country's territory is occupied by agricultural land, and feudal relations have not been completely eliminated in the south. In cities and towns across the country, business stops during the siesta.

The cult of the family, respect for the traditions and rituals of the Catholic Church reign here. If there is such a characteristic that can be used to determine the life of the country, then in Italy there are hundreds of local holidays that take place literally every day, as well as the importance that good cuisine is given here. Of course, this is also a huge cultural heritage: Tuscany alone has more great historical monuments than any other country in the world, and after all, every region of Italy has its own artistic tradition.

Brief description of Italy

Italy was united only in 1861, but the regional division remains today. The northern part of the country is one of the most industrialized regions in the world, while the south, on the contrary, is one of the most economically backward areas in Europe. The spirit of the rich north is most evident in Piedmont and Lombardy in the northwest of the country and in the two main urban centers of the region, Turin and Milan.

Liguria, a small coastal province in the south, has long been known as the “Italian Riviera”. The capital of this region is Genoa, a lively port famous for its long nautical tradition. In the north-east of Italy, Venice is primarily of interest - a unique city, beautiful in every part. If there are too many tourists there, you can go to the neighboring cities - Verona, Padua and Vicenza.

Further south is the Emilia-Romagna region, which was at the epicenter of an industrial boom after the war. Coastal holidays in this area are still popular, especially in Rimini. The ancient cities of Ravenna, Parma and Bologna are worth seeing, the latter being one of the busiest cities in Italy. The central part of the country, especially Tuscany with its classic hilly landscape, as well as the art-rich Florence, Pisa and Siena, create the most familiar image of Italy.

Quieter Umbria is located nearby, although tourists do not deprive their attention at all of Perugia, Assisi and Urbino. The Lazio region in the south is a poor and neglected region centered on the capital of the state, Rome. To the south of the Roman Campagna lies Naples - a beautiful bustling city, the spiritual center of the Italian south, next to which are Pompeii and Herculaneum, as well as a spectacular coastal strip near Amalfi.

Apulia, the "heel" of the Italian boot, is distinguished by invaluable treasures, including the city of Bari, where the relics of St. Nicholas that attract a lot of pilgrims are kept, and Lecce, a pearl of the Baroque style. On the island of Sicily, which is actually a state within a state, you can admire the ancient Greek ruins and Mount Etna. The city of Palermo will enchant you with its beauty. Sardinia is also different from the mainland, especially in its interior.

Transport and accommodation in Italy

With the exception of a few private highways in the northern part of the country and in Sardinia, Italy has a public railway network (Ferrovie dello Stato). You can travel with Eurostar/lntercity trains, which require a 30% surcharge, and regular trains - Diretto, Interregionale and Regionale, which can be very slow.

InterRail, Eurail and Trenitalia cards are valid for the entire Italian rail network, but travel by express or long distance train is subject to additional charges. Buses run almost everywhere, but their timetables are often unreliable. It is better to buy tickets from tobacco kiosks and bus stops rather than from the driver.

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