A new method for analyzing the geographical resources of the Far East was developed by a scientist of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) Valery Starozhilov. Digital maps created on the basis of this approach will contribute to a more efficient spatial development of Pacific Russia.
Professor of the FEFU School of Natural Sciences, Director of the Pacific International Landscape Center Valery Starozhilov suggested identifying landscape nodal structures. These are the most favorable geographic complexes for humans, which are the natural foundation of economic, social, ecological and other activities. They serve as the basis for the design and development of various production systems - forestry, land management, construction, tourism and others.
As the studies of FEFU geographers have shown, in Primorye, most production centers are located in the most favorable landscape structures. Scientists have identified 12 landscape provinces and 54 districts. The most developed are the West Primorskaya and South Primorskaya provinces, as well as the Muravyov-Amursky landscape district with the Russian Island.
The FEFU researchers suggest using the developed method when drawing up new digital maps in order to develop the territory of the Far East at a new level and plan settlements, production facilities, etc. with a scientific approach.
“The use of modern digital technologies, vector-layer mapping, the study of landscapes with component, morphological, areal, multiscale vector-layer indication will make it possible to switch to scientific planning and forecasting of economic, social, ecological geosystems. This will contribute to the effective and harmonious development of the natural and built environment, ”added Valery Starozhilov.
Currently, the staff of the Pacific International Landscape Center is developing a methodology for digital mapping of nodal landscape structures and the possibility of using these materials in the development of Pacific Russia. FEFU geographers have already prepared a basic landscape map of Primorsky Krai at a scale of 1: 500,000, a landscape map of the Russian Island at a scale of 1: 25,000, a landscape classification of the Sakhalin Region, and continue research in other regions of the Far East.
Note that in March 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin, in his Address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, called for a large-scale program of the country's spatial development. The head of state stressed that large cities should spread their energy, serve as a support for the harmonious development of the entire territory of Russia.
The Presidium of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, by the decision of the Department for Awards of the European Scientific and Industrial Consortium, awarded the Order of Peter the Great to the Director of the Pacific International Landscape Center, Professor of the Department of Geography and Regional Development of Geosystems SHEN FEFU Valery Titovich Starozhilov for his great contribution to the development of science, which is confirmed by the list of publications in authoritative publications, awards and diplomas, active participation in educational and scientific projects.
The Pacific International Landscape Center of the School of Natural Sciences of the FEFU took part in the 13th international conference "Modern landscape-ecological state and problems of optimizing the natural environment of the regions" in the city of Voronezh, and the opening of a commemorative plaque dedicated to the 100th anniversary of birthday of the Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, laureate of the Gold Medal of the Russian Geographical Society. P.P. Semyonov-Tyan-Shanskiy, prof. F. Milkov.
The Director of the Pacific International Landscape Center, Professor V. T. Starozhilov made a plenary report on the topic: "The concept of nodal landscape structures for the development of regions of the landscape sphere." This concept was formulated for the first time in the world.
Based on the results of the reports, it was decided to support the development of the concept of nodal landscape structures for development. Their identification as the most favorable landscape morphological structures of development with natural characteristics that meet the requirements of society for economic, social, environmental, etc. forms of activity necessary to meet the needs of society is a promising area of landscape geography. Taking into account the nodal natural structures will make it possible to proceed to the consideration of scientific and practical instruments for planning and forecasting economic, social, ecological and other geosystems harmonized with nature. To support and recommend the development by the Pacific International Landscape Center of FEFU of a methodology for digital mapping of nodal landscape structures and to study the possibilities of using these materials in the development of the territory of Russia and its link - the Pacific to carry out with the use of digital mapping the task of harmonious industrial development of territories with the nature.
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