World practice

Tourism industry in France

Today "Vestnik ATOR" will talk about how the system of state regulation and state support of tourism in France is built at the national level and at the local level, as well as about the most interesting social system of "vacation checks".

Vestnik ATOR wrote this week about the structure of the tourist business in France, the roles of tour operators and travel agents, the specifics of legislation regarding the responsibility of French travel agencies to consumers.

We also remind you that earlier on our portal there was a series of publications about the specifics of the US travel industry and "travel laws" of this country, about the relationship between travel agents and tour operators in the United States, the role of professional associations in the life of the travel business and about commission policy in the travel industry in the USA.


The distribution of powers in the field of tourism is determined by Law No. 92-1341 of December 23, 1992, which was included in the Tourism Code (Book I) - the ATOR Herald previously talked about the legislative basis of the tourism industry in France. Note that this distribution of powers occurs both vertically and horizontally.

The state determines and implements state policy and forms the regulatory framework in the field of tourism. It regulates tourism activities, the work of various organizations in the field of tourism, classifies tourism infrastructure, promotes French tourism in foreign markets and represents it in relevant international organizations. Finally, government agencies are called upon to coordinate public and private tourism initiatives and to support local government tourism development activities.

Since 2014, the Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have been determining the state tourism strategy

Since 2014, two ministries have been simultaneously determining the state strategy in the field of tourism: the Ministry of Economy (issues of monitoring, regulatory and legal framework and ensuring the availability of recreation and recreation) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (whose tasks include, in particular , promoting France as a tourist destination). It is legally determined that the tasks of the Ministry of Economy include "monitoring and supporting tourism activities, without prejudice to the powers of the Minister for European and Foreign Affairs" (Decree No. 2017-1078 of May 24, 2017).

The administrative bodies responsible for the tourism sector are the General Directorate of Enterprises (DGE) and the Directorate General for Globalization, Development and Partnerships (DGMDP) respectively. At present, the functions of the Minister of Tourism are performed by the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian.

The state structure of tourism regulation also includes state-controlled institutions: the French Tourism Development Agency (Atout France) and the National Agency for Vacation Checks (ANCV). Let's talk about these two organizations in more detail.


World practice

"Vestnik ATOR" continues to study the issues of state regulation and the specifics of the work of the tourism business in various countries of the world. This time in our review - France.


In France, unlike the United States, where primacy is given to the legislation of individual states, the main basis for regulating the tourism industry is the country's national legislation, harmonized with EU norms and European Commission directives.

The main legislative acts regulating the tourism sector in France are combined into the "Tourism Code" (just released in the new edition of 2017), consisting of two parts: the legislative part (4 books, 253 articles in total) and the regulatory part (4 books, 527 articles in total).

Book I of the legislative part of the "Tourism Code" deals with general issues of tourism organization. It sets out the provisions concerning the distribution of tourism powers between the state and local authorities, as well as the rules governing the activities of the so-called "social groups". The first book codifies the provisions of Law No. 92-1341 of December 23, 1992 on the separation of powers in the field of tourism.

Book II of the Tourism Code regulates professional activities in the field of tourism. It codifies Law No. 92-645 of July 13, 1992 on the conditions for carrying out activities related to the organization of tourist trips and the sale of tourist products. It also contains provisions regarding visits to museums and historical monuments, as well as the operation of tourist vehicles (cars with a driver and buses).

In France, the basis for the regulation of the tourism industry is the national legislation of the country, harmonized with EU norms

Book III deals with tourist accommodation and equipment and facilities requirements directly related to tourism. It contains provisions for hotels, restaurants, cafes and bars, campgrounds, caravan sites with accommodation in trailers and all kinds of other tourist accommodation facilities.

Book IV contains provisions related to the financing of social tourism and tax issues in tourism.

The Legislative part also includes the Law of July 22, 2009 on the development and modernization of tourism services.

The Regulatory Part of the Code includes, in full or in part, 33 decrees and 14 decrees, as well as provisions previously contained in other codes, and special decrees (on the National Tourism Board, on licenses for organizing recreation for persons with disabilities, on the mandatory provision of data on the air carrier to air passengers, on the General Tourism Inspection Service).

Due to the specifics of the tourism industry, in addition to the "Tourism Code", a number of aspects of its work are regulated by other legislative acts, in particular the Code of Consumption (in terms of protecting the rights of tourists), the Town Planning Code (regarding tourist accommodation facilities), Commercial Code (in matters of commercial activity), etc.


First-hand news

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France is an amazing and quite developed country. Due to its favorable geographical position, it has a well-developed tourism industry. The endless sea spaces and the presence of borders with European countries provide a unique opportunity to develop various types of tourism. By its territorial parameters, France ranks second in Europe after Ukraine.

From an economic point of view, tourism in France plays an important role in the creation of GNP. The tourism industry brings a huge cash flow to the country. As a rule, tourism in France develops not only at the expense of foreign citizens. According to statistics, local residents leave several times more money in their resorts with various entertainments. Tourism in France has gone through stages of development in the following areas:

  • Beach vacation;
  • Ski resort;
  • Entertaining vacation;
  • Excursion vacation;
  • Balneological direction of recovery;
  • Pilgrimage.

France Tourism: Infrastructure

Today, the infrastructure of France includes approximately 20 thousand hotel complexes, as well as more than 80 thousand restaurants and other entertainment establishments. When visiting France, be sure to go to Disneyland, located on the east side of Paris, about 40 kilometers. The capital of France continues to actively develop tourism and has a considerable number of interesting sights that should also be visited. The Louvre alone is worth something! This "visiting card" of Paris will have to be studied for at least several days. According to the data, about 1 million people visit the Louvre annually.

French tourism gained high popularity back in the 90s, since it was during this period that crowds of tourists came here. It should be noted that even then in many respects France bypassed Spain, in particular, in the development of resorts, which is why this country came out on top. Many tourists from different parts of the world come to France to bask in the warm sun, conquer the snow-capped Alps or just spend their holidays.

A trip to France can take a long time, since it is impossible to see all the beauties of France in a short period of time.

The attractiveness of French tourism is more obvious in front of other industries due to the large selection of proposals for any interests. In addition, the service and maintenance in this country is at a very high level. And this only says that France has a great overall impression and positive emotions. The well-established system of the hotel business and transport links hides other minor problems. Having arrived here, the rest is remembered for a long time, so tourists come back here more than once. You can visit France at any time of the year, but it is still better to decide in advance on the purpose of the trip. It is she who will help determine when is the best time to come here.

France is one of the most romantic and vibrant countries, which has everything you need for a comfortable and memorable stay.

Tourism in France does not tolerate ready-made templates. There are countries, and France is the first of them, in which too much is left outside of them. Ready-made tours cannot accommodate everything. There remain dreams and aspirations, preferences that the tour compilers did not guess. Regions and places to which travel agencies do not send. Your lifestyle, travel patterns and desired activities. After all, you cannot make up a dozen tours in advance and then hope that they will suit everyone, a wide variety of people and companies.

Although there are often ads like "10 days - 9 nights". "Paris through the eyes of a travel agency". "Paris - Normandy - Brittany - Cote d'Azur - Burgundy in 4 days". "At low prices". We are not interested in such types of tourism.

Vacation is given to many of us once (a year), and we need to spend it in such a way that we would not be offended for wasted money. This means that there should be freedom of choice. Traveling on your own is the best choice when you know where to go in France. And in this story we will tell you what tourism is like in France. Let's leave behind just "independent" travel for now (which are also wonderful if they are well prepared!).

Tourism in France: slow

The dream of a lazy person and an ethnographer. In Europe and the States, Slow Tourism is the ultimate and unhurried immersion in local life. It is even sometimes presented as separate tours to France (to other countries, of course, too). In the classic version: you come to a large house (farm, castle, winery, etc.) and live there as a member of the family. For a fee, of course - but not more expensive than a regular booking, and often even cheaper. It's great if there is a village or a small town nearby. It’s clear that real family members don’t mess around and do themselves all day long - but in all other respects, everything is the same. You eat the same thing, socialize (as much as your knowledge of the language allows), go to shops, to local events, etc. etc. Important: take your time! Just live.

In fact, you can live in the same way in a city apartment, and even in a seaside resort. Only half a day on the beach doesn't fit into this concept - you are unlikely to fully immerse yourself in local life there. And this is an indispensable condition for "slow" tourism. As a rule, it is environmentally friendly, unhurried, local cuisine, communication, and at least minimal participation in local life are required. There are associations, unions and just apologists for this type of tourism, there are even manifestos. For example, the French chain Cittaslow.

I think it's just life.

Work is the best rest

Woofing - table and shelter for work. A very popular (and not only among young people) and economical way to see the world. The most famous portals are WWOOF and Workaway. Hosters (offering a place) and woofers (those who are looking for it) place their ads on them. These can be castles (often in France), farms, just houses. The work is the most varied. From helping with a child to complex specialized skills. There are a lot of ads.

For example, this castle needs help:

France is a popular tourist destination, visited by millions of tourists, and millions dream of getting there. First of all, France is known for Paris - the city of love and the Eiffel Tower, the symbol of this city. But holidays in France can be multifaceted, from a ski resort to a beach holiday. Therefore, we will consider how to travel correctly in France and how to choose a vacation that will be remembered for a long time.

Elegant and aromatic

France has always been associated with measured family vacations, delicious food and a bunch of excursion routes. But for extreme lovers, there is also something to do here, since France has enough ski resorts, surf beaches, diving centers and other active forms of entertainment, which will be a great place for tourists at any time of the year.

The birthplace of Gothic art and Baroque architecture is France. Initially, Gothic art was called French.

Where is

France is located in Western Europe, it consists of 96 departments. The shores of France are washed by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Alps mountains stretch across the country, which represent a natural border with the Italian and Swiss states.

With France's rich landscape, from sandy white beaches to the snow-capped peaks of the Alps, self-guided tours of France are considered the ideal holiday destination.

Map of France

How to get from Moscow and St. Petersburg

Airplane has always been considered the most convenient way to travel.

There are direct flights from Moscow to Paris and Marseille operated by French airlines. There are also direct flights from St. Petersburg to Paris operated by French and Russian airlines.

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