Today, ecological tourism is gaining popularity among people. This type of recreation is still quite new, but more and more tourists are beginning to take an interest in it. Such curiosity can be easily explained - humanity began to prefer rest on the territory of a living and untouched nature by factories.
Spending more time in untouched corners of nature is now becoming not only useful, but also fashionable. Instead of traveling to hot countries, people are increasingly starting to choose a vacation with their family on the territory of some nature reserves, thickets or mountains. The advantages of this vacation are easy enough to highlight, since due to the living conditions it is quite difficult for us to enjoy the wildlife. A large number of the population work day after day in the office, after which, inhaling the smoke of factories and the harmful gases of cars, they return home. It is not surprising that many of them, after working days, prefer to retire with nature.
Who is ecotourism suitable for?
If you are interested in eco-tourism, then you should consider a number of principles that must be followed by all travelers. These rules were previously created by the International Union of Ecotourism.
The first and main rule for a novice eco-tourist should forever be a reminder of the vulnerability of our planet. Only after fully understanding that the Earth requires care and reverent attitude, you can afford to go on such a journey.
The second law says: "Leave only footprints after yourself, take only photographs." It would seem like a funny phrase, but it contains a lot of meaning. Ecotourism means that you should visit only those places where there were no traces of a person before, and in such areas you should behave carefully.
The third and fourth rule is respect for culture, geography and the rights of local residents of the area. Of course, these aspects should be taken into account by tourists from any industry, but here, too, they play a much greater role. When visiting places where people live in a completely different environment for you, you need to take into account their opinion, life principles and customs.
Also, one of the important rules is to travel only along those paths that someone has already walked. It is no secret that every tourist wants to be a pioneer, but in the case of living and unexplored nature, you need to be very careful.
The main argument for eco-tourists will be that they will have the opportunity to dramatically improve their health. Being alone with nature, it is possible to escape from all the worldly vanity, tune in to pleasant thoughts and reflect on something eternal. Each of us agree that it is much more to sit on the riverbank than in the subway or tram of a smoky metropolis.
We are talking about the best places in the country for sports and outdoor activities.
This is the largest sports complex in Belarus. There is a speed skating stadium, a cycle track and an ice palace. Minsk Arena hosts sports events of the highest level. For example, the final of the 2014 Ice Hockey World Championship.
World-class performers also perform in the Minsk-Arena. Among those already noted are Elton John, Rammstein, Sting and many others. Some say that their visit to Belarus would have been impossible if there had not been a site of such a scale and level.
How to get there: Minsk-Arena is located far from the city center. You can get there by public transport from the railway station or the Nemiga metro station by buses 1 and 119C. Drive your private car along Pobediteley Avenue.
The project of the Borisov arena is unique - it is a stadium intended only for football matches, which can accommodate more than 12.5 thousand spectators. Borisov Arena is the home arena of the most famous Belarusian football club BATE.
By the way, according to independent polls, the Borisov stadium is in the top 10 best football stadiums in Europe.
How to get there: you can get to Borisov from Minsk in one hour along the P53 highway. By public transport, the journey will take a little longer. Electric trains and minibuses run regularly from Minsk to Borisov.
In Silichi there are 9 ski slopes of different difficulty levels, including one for children and an educational one. You will not get such extreme sensations as here, in a place with the largest elevation differences in Belarus, anywhere else in the country.
In addition to alpine skiing in Silichi, you can go ice-skating, a ski lift, tubing, and a snowmobile. In summer, life at the resort does not stop: visitors can play football or volleyball, badminton or tennis, ride an ATV.
Belarus is a small state with an area of about 207.6 thousand square kilometers, which is located in the center of Europe and occupies about 2% of its area. The country is landlocked, and its land state border is established with five states: with the Russian Federation in the northeast and east, with Ukraine in the south, with Poland in the west, with Lithuania and Latvia in the northwest.
Due to its geographical position, Belarus is an important trade and transport corridor between the countries of Europe and the CIS. The country is located at the intersection of the trans-European transport and communication corridors "West-East" and "North-South". The compactness of the territory allows you to conveniently and quickly get to anywhere in the country, and you can completely cross it in 7 hours, the length from west to east is 650 km, and from north to south - 560 km.
Minsk is located in the center of the Republic of Belarus - the largest city, the capital of the state. Over the long history of its existence, it has repeatedly collapsed and rose from the ruins. Today Minsk is a modern European city, the main political, economic, cultural and scientific center of the country, where almost 2 million people live on an area of about 300 square kilometers. It is here that the main educational institutions of the country are concentrated, an extensive network of cultural and sports facilities has been created, and the main bodies of state power are located.
Belarus is an open country known for its hospitality, every traveler feels welcome here! At the beginning of 2017, our country opened its borders and provided foreign citizens with the opportunity to visit the country without a visa for a period of no more than 5 days for citizens of 80 states when entering through the checkpoint "National Airport Minsk". Due to the high interest in Belarus among foreign guests, the country's leadership decided to expand the possibilities for visa-free entry and increase the period of stay to 30 days. Today, you can discover Belarus, get acquainted with its culture and traditions, admire its magnificent landscapes and visit its best tourist places without spending time preparing documents for entry.
Guests of the country who arrive through the "National Airport Minsk" can take advantage of the absence of visa formalities when planning a trip to Belarus. The regime "30 days without a visa" allows citizens of 74 countries to come to the Republic of Belarus for a period not exceeding 30 days (including the day of arrival and departure). To enter the country in a visa-free regime, you must have with you: a valid passport or other document replacing it, for traveling abroad, cash (an amount in foreign currency or Belarusian rubles, equivalent to at least two base values (about 51.00 BYN; 23.60 USD; 20.60 EUR for each day of stay), medical insurance policy in the amount of at least 10 thousand EUR, valid in Belarus.
It is possible to come to Belarus for tourist purposes without a visa for up to 15 days when visiting the visa-free territory "Brest - Grodno" (Brest, Brest, Zhabinkovsky, Kamenetsky, Pruzhany districts of the Brest region, Grodno , Berestovitsky, Volkovyssky, Voronovsky, Grodno, Lidsky, Svislochsky, Shchuchinsky districts of Grodno region). The presence of such a territory will help foreign guests get acquainted with the masterpieces of Belarusian architecture, see the most significant and popular sights of the country, plunge into folk traditions and experience the well-known Belarusian hospitality. With this option of visa-free entry to the Republic of Belarus at the checkpoint, you must provide confirmation of the right to an individual or group visit to the recreational area, issued by a travel company. The Belarusian tour operator "Automated tourism technologies" offers a full range of travel services for organizing a tour of any complexity and paperwork for visa-free entry. The visa-free procedure for entry and exit from the Republic of Belarus through the State Border of the Republic of Belarus to visit these tourist and recreational zones must be carried out strictly through the checkpoints established by Presidential Decree No. 426.
In addition, for citizens of certain states, agreements provide for visa-free entry to the territory of the Republic of Belarus for a longer period. You can find out if you need a visa to travel to Belarus and in what cases you can come to the country without a visa, as well as get advice and assistance in preparing documents, on the Belarus-online Internet portal. y in the section Visa to Belarus.
Citizens of the Russian Federation do not need a visa to enter Belarus. For them, you only need to have an identity document - for an adult it is an internal or foreign Russian passport, and for a child - a birth certificate with a mark of Russian citizenship or a corresponding insert. Medical insurance is optional, since the agreement concluded between our countries provides for the provision of free emergency medical care. If you wish, you can conclude a voluntary health insurance contract. The policy of the insurance company offers a wider range of services than is prescribed in the agreement of our countries. Compulsory medical insurance of foreign citizens is carried out by two insurance companies "Beleximgarant" and "Belgosstrakh", and the insurance policies of only these companies are valid and obligatory on the territory of the Republic of Belarus. A medical insurance policy can be issued at any checkpoint on the borders of the Republic of Belarus, as well as at airports and railway stations where branches of Belarusian state insurance organizations operate.
When visiting Belarus for more than 30 days, most foreign citizens require a visa. A consular fee is charged for obtaining a visa to the Republic of Belarus. From January 1, 2017, the consular fee rate for the issuance of an individual visa of all types with any number of entries is set at 60 EUR. In relation to citizens and residents with a special status of Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Estonia, preferential rates of consular fees are determined, and this fee is not charged at all from citizens of Japan and Serbia.
The authorities for issuing entry visas of the Republic of Belarus are:
The Republic of Belarus is convenient in terms of transport links and is located at the intersection of the main international transport corridors connecting Western Europe with the Russian Federation, Northern Europe with South Europe. It is easy to get to Belarus by air, rail and road - there are many direct routes from most European countries, as well as from the CIS countries.
Undoubtedly, the fastest and most comfortable way to get to Belarus is to use the services of an air carrier. National airport "Minsk" is the main air gate of the country, a modern complex with a developed infrastructure - comfortable and spacious halls, free Wi-Fi, restaurants, bars, Duty Free shops, hotel rooms, insurance and other services. The airport serves about 19 international airlines, including Aeroflot, Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines and other major carriers. The national airline Belavia makes regular flights from the largest cities in Europe, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, and Israel. The national airport "Minsk" is located 40 km from the city, which allows you to quickly get to the capital both by public transport and by car. Convenient transport links are provided by the state enterprise Minsktrans, whose buses run every hour, as well as route taxis.
Belarus is one of the few European countries where it is quite possible to fully relax, while spending a very modest amount. The peculiarity of the local rest is also the fact that you can feel yourself almost simultaneously both in the distant Soviet past (which is now often what Russian tourists want, this is a kind of trend), and in a comfortable future striving for an ideal. The Soviet heritage perfectly coexists in Belarus with a completely European level of service, while local sights and beauty are in no way inferior to the picturesque landscapes of the same Italy or, for example, Switzerland.
The entire territory of the country is a continuous natural beauty, practically untouched by civilization. And among all these vast forests, meadows, crystal-clear rivers and lakes, for many years and even decades, a powerful sanatorium-resort base has been cultivated and developed. This is the famous Belovezhskaya Pushcha, and the Berezinsky nature reserve, and the Pole state radiation-ecological reserve, which can boast of the best health-improving rest in the near abroad. Vitebsk and Minsk regions are rich in sanatoriums and resort complexes. And in the Gomel and Grodno regions to this day, a network of children's camps and sanatoriums is developing. Therefore, where to go to rest in Belarus, if you decide to go here, is not a question. You just need to choose the place that suits you best.
For a long time Belarus has been considered an excellent place for families and families with children. Many local health resorts are trying to focus on this, offering appropriate health and tourism programs.
A great option is local recreation centers, which offer city dwellers a change of scenery during their vacation after spending a couple of weeks, or even just a weekend, in the wilderness, in the forest, on the shores of a picturesque lake or river. Healthy food, clean air and complete relaxation will benefit both children and parents.
The kids also love local national parks. This is the above-mentioned Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve, and the parks "Narochansky", "Pripyatsky", "Bratislava Lakes", which delight young tourists with their pristine, untouched nature and various curious things that will become a real discovery for kids.
Well, in winter, of course, all roads lead to Belovezhskaya Pushcha - the local residence of Father Frost. During a week of rest, your child will have time to get a lot of new impressions - this is a variety of entertainment, contests and games, horseback riding, snowmen and snowballs, slides and exciting performances, just countless!
As soon as we touched on winter holidays, it should be noted that the country is progressing noticeably here - for a dozen years now, lovers of mountain skiing and youth recreation, in particular, come here from everywhere to ride on the beautiful slopes of Logoisk and "Silichy". These resorts are hardly inferior to modern European ski resorts. Where to go to have a rest in Belarus for inveterate skiers? Exactly here, you will not regret it!
At the same time, a visa to Belarus is not needed, accommodation and meals will be inexpensive, the tracks are equipped, all the necessary infrastructure is available. In addition, winters here are mild, windless, with an average temperature of about –6 ºС. A real paradise for Russian tourists!
By the way, local health resorts are especially active for the New Year and winter holidays, as well as Maslenitsa and St. Valentine, offering exciting entertainment and special wellness programs. For 7-10 days of rest, you will not only skate and skate to your heart's content, but also take part in fun contests, and at the same time excursion tours to Minsk, Grodno, Brest, Gomel and other cities rich in sights.
In December, many people prefer to visit the center of active tourism "Yakutskie Gory" near the village of Yakut, Minsk region. In the capital itself, in addition to the Silichy, the Alpine Meadow ski center is also open.
Belarus is known to be a state located in Eastern Europe, bordering countries such as Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Latvia and Lithuania. The capital of Belarus is the city of Minsk, and the largest cities in the country are Vitebsk, Grodno, Mogilev, Brest, Gomel and several others.
Belarus is often called the "Lungs of Europe" because of its favorable climate for life, which has a beneficial effect on health. In addition, the country has many attractions, resorts and sanatoriums, wonderful nature, low prices and friendly residents; rich and eventful cultural life, unique cultural heritage; a wide range of opportunities for active recreation and virgin nature, as well as an unsurpassed national cuisine.
All this is more than enough for everyone who has visited this small, friendly and cozy country at least once to want to come back here again.
Based on the foregoing, we can make a bold conclusion that it is not at all necessary to spend colossal sums and leave tens of thousands of kilometers in order to have an interesting, exciting and useful time, have a great rest, broaden your horizons and enjoy wonderful moments of travel.
A wonderful place that can satisfy the needs of any traveler is very close, and this place is Belarus.
Considering that the border with Belarus is located in the western part of Russia, the most acceptable cities from which you can conveniently and comfortably get to Belarus are Moscow and St. Petersburg. In addition, these are the largest cities in Russia with many interesting places and sights, where it also makes sense to visit (if you are not a resident of them, of course).
By the way, in order to visit Belarus, Russian citizens do not need to apply for a visa, and at the border it will be enough just to present an ordinary civil passport.
So, how do you get to Belarus from Moscow and St. Petersburg? The simplest and most inexpensive ways to do this are by land transport. Therefore, we will first of all consider them.
There are several ways to travel by land from Moscow to Belarus.
More than a dozen trains leave the Russian capital for Belarus every day. All of them leave from the Belorussky railway station and arrive in the capital of Belarus - at the railway station in Minsk, and in a number of other cities (Brest, Gomel, Minsk, Vitebsk and others). Travel time on a regular train is, as a rule, from eight to ten hours, and on a high-speed train - a little more than seven hours. Ticket prices will depend on the class, line and type of carriage in which you prefer to travel.