Cycling must be distinguished from cycling. The difference is that cycling tourism involves cycling routes of a specific category of difficulty (in total there are 6 of them) for sporting achievements and categories, and cycling is rather a combination of business with pleasure: here you will have a sports component and an examination of cultural and natural attractions.
Despite the specific complexity, cycling tourism is in no way included in the line of Olympic sports, despite this, getting the status of "master of sports" or the honorary title of "instructor of cycling trips" is more than real. To do this, it is important to resort to the Federation of Sports Tourism of the Russian Federation, which has a cycling section and to find out the details.
The main rule when choosing a bike for a cycling trip is that it should not be heavy: every kilogram on the road will affect your fatigue. For this reason, experienced hikers remove all unnecessary things from their steel horse — iron fenders, footboards and other devices. As for the shock absorbers, on the one hand, the front fork will help to reduce fatigue of the arms and upper shoulder girdle, on the other hand, due to the decrease in the "information content" of the steering wheel, the bicycle can sometimes be the most difficult to control. For this reason, it is recommended to opt for the most rigid version of the front suspension. But "two-suspension" and completely unsuitable for cycling - very heavy, and also have problems with the installation of the rear rack. Among other things: a large steering wheel, at least a front disc brake, a regular rear overthrow - 8 speeds are enough, wheels with double rims and good spokes, 3 stars in the system (not 2), a flashing red rear light, stainless steel cables and a comfortable seat.
The existing model line assumes a significant opportunity to select bicycles for cycling tourism, and a competent consultant-seller will certainly ask you about the purpose of the purchase and recommend the best option. As a rule, sports and touring Multitrack Bikes are suitable for this purpose, their other name is Hybrid, but the main characteristic feature is the wheel diameter of at least 28 inches. City bikes are also suitable for simple cycling trips.
The list of things that must be purchased in preparation for a bike trip include a bicycle rack, as well as a bicycle backpack. Cycling trips involve transporting your main luggage in a bicycle backpack on a bicycle rack, but not on your back (there can be a small backpack weighing no more than 3-4 kilograms behind your back). Cycle backpacks for cycling trips are usually 3-volume: while 2 side bags (20 liters each) are hung on the sides of the frame, but one is located on top.
The stock of required items should also include a travel repair kit, a spare bicycle tube and a pump. Well, and also of course - campfire equipment, food, boilers, tents, sleeping bags, clothing for various weather conditions, water flasks, a first-aid kit, a camera.
Regarding weight distribution, all equipment, without exception, is divided into personal and public. Personal equipment is usually 7-8 kilograms; public - 5-6 kilograms per 1 participant. For This Reason, prepare yourself for the additional weight of 12-14 kilograms of luggage that you will have to transport on your own bike.
Bicycle travel is gaining momentum every year. People are increasingly switching from cars to comfortable and light bikes, especially since modern bicycles are constantly being improved and modernized for the needs of a particular cycling trip.
Cycling allows you to travel long distances at high speed
Cycling has won the hearts of many travelers ready to explore the world. And all thanks to the obvious advantages: hiking does not make it possible to travel long distances at high speed, and the car is noticeably lagging behind in cross-country ability, and in material terms, travel by car requires more expenses than by bicycle.
The benefits of cycling
First of all, cycling tourism is pleasure, health and good mood. Walking is quickly becoming commonplace. Building muscle in the gym is a good option, but cardio load involves an increase in heart rate, which provokes increased blood oxygen saturation, and so, the most effective saturation occurs only in the fresh air.
That is why cycling tourism has a second name - aerotherapy. Aerotherapy not only heals, but also invigorates, maintains muscle tone, restores and strengthens the immune system, and induces appetite. When doing cycling, you do not need to think about which trainer to choose and when to find a minute to enroll in a collective sports group. Scientific studies have shown that people who are engaged in cycling have a 5-fold increase in IQ scores.
Cycling - invigorates, strengthens the immune system, muscles and arouses appetite
If you have already got the idea to join the ranks of cyclists, it remains to determine what kind of cycling holiday you prefer. If you want to make the overcoming of kilometers on a two-wheeled vehicle as comfortable as possible, then special bike tours offered by travel agencies are suitable. Professional cycling tracks, equipped in a special way, are in great demand, but there are large-scale ones only abroad, for example, in Nepal, Tibet, Israel and Finland, and Peru.
This article is a brief overview of the different styles of cycling that are feasible for the following groups of tourists: who needs a guide, who chooses their own path, and self-reliant cyclists.
Generally, a one-day tour does not apply to cycling tourism, as the first is just a bike ride for one day. You can find two main subspecies of this tourism.
Day tourism includes simple biking and riding, and takes 24 hours or less. Also, there is a place to be a long bike ride near the house and a trip by car followed by cycling. Alternatively, renting a bike in another country or city to cycle around the area can be a day trip. Another type of one-day tourism that you can come across is an extended one - a bike excursion. It is run by an organization that brings cyclists together on the same territory, after which they ride together quite a long distance for one day. Typically, the distance ranges from 10 or less to 100 or more kilometers. In most cases, this is a paid event, and you pay to travel as part of a group.
One day tour has several variations: a tour with a pre-determined route for you, a tour with a self-guided route, and a tour in which you provide yourself with everything you need. Traditional cycling tourism usually involves a trip of several days with an overnight stay, but one-day cycling and organized cycling trips are most often referred to as bike tours.
Overnight tour is a style of cycling tourism in which one day is spent on a trip to a nearby transfer point (your friend's house, tent camp, hotel, etc.), from where you move back to your home after a rest and an overnight stay or to the place where you started your trip.
This style is slightly different from the day style in that it includes a couple of days for a bike ride and one for an overnight stay. While the one-day style lasts one day without stopping for the night. Tour with an overnight stay in most cases takes place with the full self-sufficiency of the tourist.
This type of tourism is obtained when you travel by bike, and there is almost nothing from your luggage: just clothes and a credit card (or cash) for shopping on the way. Instead of lugging a tent and a sleeping bag with you, you sleep at the hotel every night, not free, of course. To avoid cooking yourself, you buy food along the way. Such types of tourism usually (but not always) last less than a week and are usually not organized by travel companies.
What is cycling tourism? The pros and cons of cycling have already been appreciated by millions of people, and if in our country this type of recreation is not so widespread, then in Europe it is difficult to find a person who would not spend the weekend pedaling a two-wheeled vehicle.
Cycling is a popular destination among outdoor enthusiasts. Depending on the complexity of the route, it is classified as a sports or extreme subspecies.
An environmentally friendly and safe technique can not only charge you with positive energy and easily go through difficult routes, but also help improve health, achieve a beautiful and slender body. Relaxing for the benefit of body and soul is the motto of those who love cycling tours.
While cycling is very similar to cycling, they are actually different things. The latter implies serious stress and good physical fitness. But absolutely any healthy person who has a bicycle, regardless of age, can become a cyclist.
All cycling routes have their own difficulty level.
There are six in total, where the first is the simplest. These levels are regulated, the norms are the same in any club.
A cyclist who has passed the sixth level can apply for the title of Master of Sports or Cycling Instructor.
Decide which level is right for you.
Cycling is an organized sports direction with its own rules. If you want to go on a similar journey for the first time, contact any cycling club or travel company. By duration, such trips are divided into:
As for the directions, they are not limited to anything. You can ride around your own city, around the country, or between countries - everything is determined only by the chosen route and budget.
Sooner or later, every actively riding cyclist comes to the idea that it is time to expand the radius of the run-in places. The ability to travel by bike in a different type of area, in a different city or even in another country beckons. For those who have never gone on hiking trips with a bicycle, it seems that it is difficult - the organization of the trip itself, moving, route, food, hiking program, etc. It is not difficult to choose a suitable method, you just need to ask experienced tourists what, where And How.
Every tourist club, organization, group or just a company has its own traditions in organizing and conducting trips. Cycling tourism involves the use of the bicycle as the primary means of transportation. Cycling can be both educational and sporty in nature.
Any hike in which a bicycle is involved can be considered an active vacation, because a tourist pedals, walks to the mountains, views local attractions without the help of a bus and a guide's loudspeaker and lives, as a rule, according to the principle "everything is off "(" All excluding "), that is, without a buffet table, buffet and banquet hall with white tablecloths.
Cycling tourism can be divided into several types, but, despite the division, they can be similar and overlap in some points.
Sports cycling may not be the most popular type of cycling, but it is certainly very interesting. The idea of sports tourism is competitive in nature. The leader of the hike - and this is a seasoned tourist with the title of a professional - sets certain limits: the number of kilometers, the number of days, driving conditions, soil/asphalt, climb, air temperature, and so on.
At the end of the trip, the trip is assigned a category, the complexity of which is determined by the above conditions. Events-competitions have come down to our time, the conditions of which include rewarding the fastest, strongest and most enduring cyclists.
Expeditionary hikes in their essence resemble sports tourism, but only without competitive features. This type of cycling has become widespread thanks to the advent of reliable mountain bikes and accessories for them (durable bike racks, light bike backpacks and camping equipment).
The group of the expedition hike passes the route along good roads and off-road, overcomes mountain passes and arid desert spaces, visits attractions, purposefully moving along a thoughtful path. These hikes don't have to be super hard. You can arrange a "bike ride" along the South Coast with two nights on the beach and with visits to the main palaces of the coast, or you can ride for two weeks under a heavy downpour of the Carpathian climate, plunging head over heels into the soft mud of the mountain ranges.
Self-cooking over a fire or a burner, spending the night in a tent, swimming in water, landmarks distinguish tourism from “mattressing”, when sanatorium workers or smiling Egyptian hotel staff are worried about you.
Educational cycling tourism
They began to engage in rural tourism in the 70s of the last century. Potential clients liked it with the opportunity to be in nature, to feel like a villager, to return to natural sources. What are the prospects for this direction today?