Equestrian tourism represents horseback riding or sledding along a pre-planned route, during which it is necessary to overcome obstacles in the form of ditches, streams, steep descents and ascents, mountain rivers, broken trees.
Sightseeing, acquaintance with the region, its culture and color is the main goal of the route.
There are several directions in equestrian tourism;
The duration of the trip varies from 1 hour to several days. Long horse riding routes involve overcoming an area of over 1600 km.
The first mention of long distance horse riding dates back to the end of the 19th century. Russian officer M. Aseev. left the city of Lubny and reached Paris in 33 days. He covered 2,633 km in total. This event was widely covered in the press of that time, but it was too early to talk about the birth of a new sports direction. In the form in which it exists today, equestrian tourism appeared in the 20s of the XX century.
As a tourist destination, equestrian tourism appeared in Russia in the second half of the 20th century. In 1971, the first route was laid on the Katun base in Altai.
Buryatia ranks first in equestrian tourism. Difficult routes have been developed here for tourists, which only professionals can overcome. For beginners, a trip along Lake Baikal is suitable. The nature of Siberia, Adygea, Bashkiria, Krasnodar Territory, and the Urals is also of interest to tourists. Unusual and exciting tours are offered to tourists in Khakassia. Visitors are shown mountain caves and ancient burial places.
In Europe, there is a high demand for travel to Spain, Ireland, Iceland, Bulgaria. The inhabitants of South America on horseback conquer Brazil. Turkey, Canada, Mongolia, the Dominican Republic, Morocco also offer horse rides to tourists.
The routes are designed so that they can be overcome by a person who does not have driving skills. Before the start of the hike, an instruction is given, in which they teach how to harness, saddle animals, and also give the simplest control skills. During the journey, tourists must take care of their horses on their own. Overnight stays are usually held in tents, food is also prepared on their own. Routes for professionals are difficult and long.
Sports tourism is a collective discipline that combines a wide variety of types of recreation and physical activity of a person. Anyone who is not used to sitting still and strives to get new impressions, combining them with physical activity, will be able to choose for himself the type of tourism that he likes best. You can go hiking, rafting, cycling or skiing in a company, overcoming various obstacles. And you can go in for tourism professionally and participate in competitions, implying the passage of routes of various categories of complexity with the receipt of sports categories. Distances for competitions are laid both in a natural environment and on an artificially created landscape. In any case, the task of the athlete is one - to demonstrate the strength of the spirit, overcoming obstacles.
The concept of tourism appeared in the era of Peter I. While in Germany, the emperor climbed Mount Brocken and, standing on its top, experienced such an amazing feeling that he began to encourage tourism in every possible way upon returning home. However, the nobility showed little interest in the new type of physical activity - they were more attracted to resorts and entertainment.
Interest in the discipline arose years later among scientists. They organized hikes and expeditions to study nature, plants and animals.
The era of mass recognition of sports tourism can be considered the period of existence of the USSR. Active youth more and more often rushed to hiking, went to the mountains. The state provided comprehensive support for sports and an active lifestyle. Competitions were held, the rules for conducting tourist trips were approved. In 1949, sports tourism was included in the Unified All-Union Sports Classification.
Professional sports tourism implies competitions with the assignment of qualification categories and the title of Master of Sports. To do this, you need to complete a series of hikes with a certain level of difficulty of the route, as well as have experience in managing a tourist group.
There are 5 categories of difficulty in total, of which 4 and 5 require a certain level of physical and technical training.
Sports tourism is developing with the assistance of various clubs and societies, as well as physical education teams. They help organize trips. The tourist group on the route usually has 6 to 10 participants. They must be in good physical shape and have special technical knowledge and skills. They are required to understand how to act in any unforeseen situation, because travelers can be out of civilization for a long time.
A sports trip necessarily involves overcoming obstacles of various types, which depends on the type of tourism. So, in ski tourism, mountain peaks and passes become obstacles, in water tourism, river rapids. All existing natural obstacles are classified, which makes it possible to assess the complexity of a particular route. The teams that have completed the most successful hikes represent the country at national and world championships.
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