Types and directions of tourism in China

7 countries for extreme tourism

Extreme tourism is a rather popular type of non-standard recreation. There are many varieties of it, so everyone can find something suitable for themselves.

Extreme helps people to relax and get adrenaline. Everyone has their own ways of having fun - some are interested in hiking, while others love diving or rock climbing. Before you go on a trip, it is worth finding out in which country the type of tourism that you prefer is developed. Our article will help you with this.


This beautiful northern country is great for hiking because there are many hiking trails. Hiking tourism in this country is one of the most popular. Traveling in the mountains of Norway will make you feel like the happiest person in the world.

The abundance of mountain rivers makes the country an ideal place for rafting. This is the name of river rafting on special inflatable boats - rafts. Kayaking, rock climbing and mountaineering are also developed there.


This country is a climbers 'and ice climbers' paradise, as well as ski and cross country hikers. There are a huge number of ski slopes and bike rides lasting several days.

This country spends a huge amount of money on attracting athletes and extreme sportsmen from all over the world, so every adrenaline lover can find something to do, and for all 12 months. Rafting is also developed in Austria, because there are many mountain rivers in this country.

All kinds of extreme recreation are thriving in the USA. Due to the fact that the length of the roads is huge, and the roads themselves have a very high quality of coverage, motorcycle tourism, hitchhiking, and car tourism are developed here. Many difficult-to-pass places allow the jeepers to have a good time.

Mountain tourism is developed in the USA: in the north there are many hiking trails and ski resorts. Mountaineering is developed in the mountainous area. The USA is a huge country with many sources of adrenaline available.


7 countries for extreme tourism

It is very difficult to surprise modern tourists. What kind of sophisticated ideas do not visit tour operators seeking to attract customers and take their own niche in this interesting, profitable business. Today I want to tell you about travel destinations that most travelers have no idea about.

Dark or Dark Tourism

This type of tourism is characterized by the fact that travelers wander through tragic and mystical places. Most often, lovers of such travels are invited to visit the French ghost town of Oradour-sur-Glane, which was destroyed during the Second World War. Often tourists decide to go to another tragic place - the former extermination camp in Auschwitz, which is located 60 km from Krakow.

City of Oradour-sur-Glane PHOTOS: i. inimg. om

The Choeng Ek massacre site and other Killing Fields in Cambodia are very popular, as well as excursions to Alcatraz prison, in which Al Capone was sitting, the ruins of the Poenari fortress in Romania, which are considered by historians to be the real castle of Dracula.

Disaster tourism

Natural and man-made disaster tourism is very popular as one of the types of dark tourism. This view is aimed at people who like to travel to places affected by natural disasters. The US Gulf Coast and New Orleans affected by Hurricane Katrina, South and Southeast Asia destroyed by the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.

Destruction after the tornado PHOTOS: mirvkartinkah. u

A large number of tourists are attracted by the volcano in Iceland, as well as the places of environmental disasters - the ghost town of Pripyat, Peace Memorial Park, Hiroshima, the ghost town of Centralia, Pennsylvania.

Mystical tourism

There is a certain contingent of people who have a special craving for the supernatural, so they are interested in places where paranormal activity has been noticed. For such tourists, tour operators offer tours of Dublin (Ireland), Florida (USA), Great Britain, Brisbane (Australia) and Quebec (Canada).

Necropolis Tourism

Extreme tourism is a rather popular type of non-standard recreation. There are many varieties of it, so everyone can find something suitable for themselves.

Rural tourism

Rural tourism gets back to basics. Instead of an alarm clock - roosters, instead of a coffee machine in the office - a cow to be milked, and instead of rubber vegetables from the supermarket - fresh food straight from the garden. You can arrange the countryside tour yourself, find a local guide, or trust agencies that specialize in agritourism. Some companies focus on specific regions, others organize adventures for all tastes in all corners of the world.

In agriturismo. et know everything about farms in Tuscany for horse riding enthusiasts, and the American Agrotours is ready for literally everything: from “Take me to a place where there are no skyscrapers and cars, I will turn off the phone and take care of flowers” ​​to “I want to know how meat farms work in Australia". The slogan of the Indian Agri Tourism is: "To change, you need to go back to the roots." Indeed, India is perhaps the best country in the world for those who want to return to their very roots. And in Israel, the Ministry of Agriculture is already engaged in the development of agritourism, its website contains 16 ideas of adventures - from fishing to beekeeping.

Jailoo Tourism

From Kyrgyz "jailoo" is translated as "mountain pasture". Jailoo tourists travel to the untouched corners of the planet - the mountains and steppes of Asia, the forests of Siberia and North America, the Amazon jungle and African reserves - to forget for a while about the benefits of civilization. You can start from the homeland of this type of tourism - Kyrgyzstan, just do not choose extreme routes if you have no experience of hiking in the mountains. It is safer to find a local guide who will lead you on the right way to the high-mountain pastures between the Issyk-Kul and Son-Kul lakes. The best time to travel is from May to September, although warm clothes will come in handy there even in summer.

Jailoo tourism can be combined with ethnic tourism - stay overnight in a shepherd's yurt in the Mongolian steppe, settle in a reed hut in a remote Indonesian village, or stay with the good-natured Baraig tribe in northern Tanzania. The “adopted into the family” traveler lives the daily life of the indigenous population, follows local traditions and rituals, and adopts skills such as herding cattle, making pottery, or making fire with other than a lighter.

Film tourism

Cinematographers are eager to become the characters of their favorite movie at least for a while, and there are two ways. You can follow in the footsteps of Sherlock Holmes in the UK, or rent a red Chevrolet Impala and ride in yellow glasses along the route of the heroes of Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. Or you can find yourself right in the scenery of your favorite movie. For example, explore every corner of Tolkien's Middle-earth in New Zealand, see the alien landscapes of "Star Wars" in the Tunisian Tatavina, Matmata and Tauzar. And fans of Woody Allen can arrange a whole "staircase tour" in Europe and sit first on the very stairs near the Church of Saint-Etienne-du-Mont, from where the hero of "Midnight in Paris" was transported to the 1920s, and then on the Spanish Steps from "Roman Adventures".

More on the topic:

Life is like in a movie: famous hotels from films] (. kyscanner. u/news/zhizn-kak-v-kino-znamenitye-oteli-iz-filmov)

The most popular types of tourism in China and the best cities in China for tourism attract travelers from all over the world. It is not surprising that this area of ​​recreation is becoming more and more popular today.

Tourism in China is very diverse and multifaceted. The famous Great Wall of China, sights that date back to our era, amazing cuisine and boundless care in beautiful resorts where relaxation and treatment are available - this is a trip to the Middle Kingdom that will be remembered for a long time. All

How to get there?

There will be no difficulties with a trip to China - planes depart from Russia and the CIS countries, performing flights several times a day. Ticket prices are affordable:

  • Moscow-Beijing - from $ 400, 7.5 hours on the way, planes fly from Sheremetyevo Airport;
  • St. Petersburg-Beijing - from $ 500 , on the way from 7.5 hours, there are direct flights and with a change in Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk;
  • Novosibirsk-Beijing - a ticket costs from 300 dollars, on the way 4 hours 15 minutes, there are routes with a change in Urumqi and Harbin.

There are no direct flights from Minsk and Kiev to Beijing, all planes transfer in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Tashkent, Warsaw or Baku. A train runs from the Russian capital to Beijing, departing from the Yaroslavl railway station. On the way - 5 days 10 hours, ticket prices start at $ 650.

Where to stay?

The Chinese themselves are not indifferent to a good vacation and travel a lot within the country, so there is nothing surprising in the abundance of hotels and inns available to tourists. It is better to search for accommodation options on the Agoda website, since Booking is not very popular in the country. All hotels are divided into several categories:

  • The first category - these hotels are designed only for the local population, according to the law they cannot accommodate foreigners here. The signs of such hotels are written only in Chinese; these hotels are budget, but not very comfortable. Prices - about $ 7 per night;
  • Average category - spacious rooms, air conditioning, private bath, daily cleaning - what they can offer the traveler. A night in such a hotel will cost from $ 20, and for a dollar you will be given a buffet breakfast;
  • The "luxury" category - hotels of international hotel chains, distinguished by a mass of amenities and focused mainly on businessmen ... Pricing starts at $ 60 and can go up to $ 1,500 per night.

Please note that upon check-in you may be required to pay a 15% service fee - this is usually not included in housing prices. The star rating of the hotel is also usually overstated: if you want comfort, choose hotels only 5 *. Be sure to check that the room has windows, remember that a security deposit of $ 30 or more may be required. Reviews of tourists confirm that apart-hotels are the best and most comfortable option for accommodation in China - this is a profitable option for a family trip.

Tourism is travel outside the permanent place of residence for any purpose other than earning money and changing the permanent place of residence, as well as meeting social needs (recreational, business, political, educational, etc.) associated with the need to move to space of masses of people. [1]

A person who makes such a trip is called a tourist.


The problem of defining the term "tourism" [edit]

The terms "tourism" and "travel" cannot be confused. Firstly, the trip can be short, without an overnight stay, and tourism necessarily involves spending the night outside the home. Secondly, travel is often carried out for the purpose of earning money or changing the place of residence. Tourism cannot pursue such goals, it assumes the opposite - the waste of money earned by a tourist at home.

It is rather difficult to give a short and at the same time complete definition of the concept of "tourism", due to the variety of functions it performs and a large number of forms of manifestation. According to the definition adopted by the UN in 1954, tourism is an active recreation that affects health improvement, physical development of a person, associated with movement outside the permanent place of residence. In the materials of the World Conference on Tourism, held by the WTO in 1981 in Madrid, the following definition is given: tourism is one of the types of active recreation, which is travel made with the aim of knowing certain regions, new countries and combined in a number of countries with elements of sports ... In 1993, the UN Statistical Commission adopted a broader definition: tourism is the activity of persons who travel and stay in places outside their usual environment for a period not exceeding one consecutive year, for the purpose of recreation, business and other purposes ... [2]

There are other definitions, and each of them reflects one or another aspect of the diverse world of tourism. The variety of definitions is associated with the duality of the inner nature of tourism itself. On the one hand, tourism is a special case of travel; on the other, it is the activity of producing a tourist product. In principle, both travel and the production of tourist products are activities. However, production is an economic activity and its purpose is to make a profit, and travel is always movement in space. It is quite difficult to find the line between the goals of travel and the goals of tourism, so it is worth distinguishing between these concepts.

Tourism classification [edit]

The law "On the Basics of Tourist Activities in the Russian Federation" defines certain types of tourism:

  • domestic tourism - travel of persons within the country of permanent residence;
  • outbound tourism - travel of persons to another country;
  • outbound tourism - travel within the country of persons not permanently residing in the country.
  • social tourism - travel subsidized from funds allocated by the state for social needs;
  • amateur tourism - travel using active modes of travel, organized by tourists on their own. [3]

There are two main types of tourism in terms of tourism goals:

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