Tourist small business in Bashkiria is very poorly developed, it is mainly represented by small hotels and rest houses in resort areas, the manufacture of souvenirs, a number of small services, for example, equipment rental and the organization of trips on the same horses. But there is potential for the formation and expansion of this sphere (I already wrote about it) and, oddly enough, the economic crisis may contribute to this.
Dinopark in Abelilovsky district is an excellent example of entrepreneurial creativity
In our country, small business has always been on the outskirts of the economy, although from the mouths of big bosses we constantly hear about its support and importance. But, if you look at what has been done by officials for entrepreneurs over the past 10-15 years? Fewer tax audits? Maybe. Concessional lending appeared? Leasing programs available to everyone? Or land for cafes and other objects began to be allocated to people without delay?
Alas. A familiar entrepreneur from the Aurgazinsky district waited 5 years (!) For the village administration to register the purchased building for him to run a small business. As he waited, all entrepreneurial fervor vanished. And the situation on the market has changed so much that there is simply nothing to do with its outdated equipment during this time ...
To be honest: our country has never needed a small business, because it earned great money on energy resources. But the current crisis proves that “all eggs cannot be kept in one basket” and yet small business needs to be supported and developed, and not stifled, say, by increasing insurance premiums. This week there was information that the government is ready to reduce the tax burden on small businesses (from 20 to 14 percent), and even earlier, firefighters announced that they would not torment public catering with inspections.
I believe that small businesses should not expect big preferences from the state, most likely, this will exhaust their support measures. But on this, as they say, thanks.
Oddly enough, the crisis and confusion can be the beginning of something new, interesting, demanded, commercially successful. Why not start your small travel business? Here are some favorable factors for this.
First, in the coming years, Russia and its constituent entities will receive almost all Russian tourists (including hundreds of thousands of certified police officers who have become restricted to travel abroad) who, for a number of reasons, will not be able to travel abroad on vacation. This means that holiday homes, sanatoriums, dispensaries and hospitals will be in demand as never before, demand will clearly exceed supply, and small businesses will have a chance to get their client. These can be small recreation centers, cafes, souvenir shops, and attractions. Everything that will brighten up and diversify the leisure of the vacationer.
Of course, the travel industry is not born out of thin air, it is tied to historical sites, natural and cultural monuments. Therefore, it is difficult to deploy a tourist business where there are no ties either to the locality, or to history, or to nature. But you still need to look for options (they are found). Perhaps in your village, village or city, you can organize a simple production of souvenir or printing products for the nearest dispensary or sanatorium. Find out!
The second factor is economic, tax and other indulgences for starting small businesses. Read about it on the Internet, I just note that newbie entrepreneurs are exempted from paying taxes and other payments, which is very important at the start. Consult with experts, perhaps a starting tourism business is a recipient of benefits and preferences at the republican level.
The Republic of Bashkortostan is located on the border of Europe and Asia, several cultures combine here, which makes this region so distinctive. Its beautiful and varied nature, architectural objects, museums attract the attention of tourists. A guide to Bashkortostan will help you understand the peculiarities of this amazing area, acquaint you with the iconic places of the republic and its history.
Bashkiria is a democratic legal state within the Russian Federation, its capital is located in Ufa. In an inconceivable way, a large number of nationalities coexist here: along with the indigenous Bashkir people, Russians, Tatars, Mari, Chuvash, Ukrainians, Mordovians and representatives of other peoples live on the territory.
Every region has its own outstanding personalities, who, thanks to their talent and hard work, have written their name in history. Bashkiria is the birthplace of the writer Sergei Aksakov, known to many for the fairy tale "The Scarlet Flower" he recorded. The brilliant ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev, who began to study ballet in Ufa, spent his childhood and youth here. In addition, the work of Anton Chekhov, Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Chaliapin and other famous representatives of culture and art is associated with the region.
The nature of the republic is diverse; taiga forests, birch groves, steppes, mountain tundra and sphagnum bogs coexist here. What is important, on its territory, there have been preserved zones with practically untouched nature, which is carefully protected thanks to the activities of reserves and natural parks.
It is the natural wealth that attracts many travelers here, who want, albeit for a short time, to replace the noise of the cities with soothing landscapes that attract with their natural beauty. In addition to contemplating nature, tourists can also engage in active recreation - climbing the peaks of the Southern Urals, skiing and snowboarding along the slopes of ski resorts, rafting on rapid rivers, exploring mysterious caves, riding Bashkir horses.
Rest in Bashkiria is also an excellent option for those who want to strengthen or restore their health. Several sanatoriums are concentrated on its territory, which are used for treatment with mineral water and healing mud.
In the settlements of Bashkortostan, it will be interesting to visit museums, monuments, parks and study the architecture of religious buildings - mosques, madrasahs, Orthodox, Catholic churches and other interesting buildings. A contrasting and distinctive edge will be able to offer entertainment for almost every taste.
History of Bashkortostan
People lived on the territory of modern Bashkiria even in the era of the Early and Middle Paleolithic, this is evidenced by ancient sites found by archaeologists. Among the finds were the tools of labor of ancient people. In the Kapova Cave, rock carvings depicting animals were discovered, they can be attributed to the late Paleolithic. Tourists have the opportunity to visit it and see copies of these drawings, while the originals are protected from external factors.
Bashkiria is a beautiful region of Russia, where there are mountains, plains, rivers and lakes, waterfalls and caves. It is also rightfully called the honey land, since only here the traditions of onboard beekeeping have been preserved. And the mild climate of the region will appeal to any tourist - there are warm summers and moderately cold winters.
Autumn is a great time to take care of your health. Many tourists go to Bashkiria precisely in the off-season, when there is neither heat nor cold. The republic's health resorts meet the highest standards. Among them are the resorts "Yangan-Tau", "Krasnousolsky", "Assy" well-known far beyond Bashkortostan. So, tourists with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, respiratory organs, and kidneys should go to Yangan-Tau. Those who want to say goodbye to diseases of the digestive tract and dysfunctions of the endocrine glands are welcome at the Zelenaya Roscha sanatorium. Currently, there are 25 facilities in the health resort sector of the republic's health care system, of which 9 are sanatoriums for the health improvement of adults.
Ski tours occupy a significant place in the winter assortment of travel agencies. With Europe closed, expanding the range of Russian ski resorts is a vital necessity. Not to mention that our resorts are worth it. For example, skiers and snowboarders love Bashkiria precisely for the variety of slopes and the high quality of the resorts.
Among the popular places for skiing are the peaks of Iremel, Aigir, the Inzerskiy Zubchatka mountain range. Even the capital of the republic, Ufa, has something to please active travelers: the city has two ski centers - "Olympic Park" and "Ak Yort".
Year-round ski resorts - Abzakovo, Metallurg-Magnitogorsk or Bannoe - have long been known outside Bashkiria. By the way, this is the first center in Russia equipped with an Austrian-made high-speed gondola lift with a capacity of 2,800 people per hour. And "Mratkino", for example, offers skiing on eight tracks of varying degrees of difficulty. These resorts are united into one of the most dynamically developing tourist and recreational clusters "Mountain resorts of Bashkiria" Legend of the Urals ". Lake Bannoe is regularly visited not only in winter, but also in summer.
Those who have not yet started skiing will also not be left without work. Local tour operators offer a variety of tours for this winter. Thus, the Ural-Tengri company has prepared a snowmobile tour “Conquest of the Ural peaks” - this is a fascinating journey along the snow-covered ridges of mountain spurs and forest snowmobile tracks. The Ural Batyr company also has new products; their program is called Winter Adventures in Bashkiria.
I have personally heard for many years that Bashkortostan has a significant tourism potential, and domestic tourism needs to be developed and achieved widespread recognition of the republic, but so far I do not see any progress in this direction.
In a recent interview with the RBC TV channel, President of the Republic Rustem Khamitov said that work on brands in Bashkortostan is being carried out at the local level. Only 2-3 cities have developed and promote their own logos, which is clearly not enough to achieve good recognition of Bashkiria even within the Russian Federation, let alone the international level. Rustem Zakievich admitted: "We work poorly with this, we do not know how to work."
I partly understand President Khamitov, who is in no hurry to develop and promote the image republican superbrand "Bashkortostan", since the logo should have a powerful tourist infrastructure. And, alas, it is not yet in Bashkiria. There are no tourist superclusters where tourists could come and receive the widest possible range of tourist services, moreover, at any time of the year. The tourist will not be full of beautiful pictures and appeals. He needs to be given high-quality and varied tourist services, including those with a national Bashkir flavor.
The deplorable state of many historical, natural and national-cultural objects of the republic speaks of the extreme underdevelopment of our tourism industry. Recently I had a photo report about the Idrisovskaya cave in the Salavat region, which was mutilated by vandals. With the right approach, it would be possible to make a candy out of this place, where tourists from all over Russia would be drawn. In addition, there is a good romantic basis for this in the form of a legend about the stay there of Salavat Yulaev, a colleague of Yemelyan Pugachev.
Recently I watched a video about the so-called Akhunov menhirs in the Uchalinsky district of Bashkortostan. If you are not in the know, menhirs are stone sculptures (the simplest megaliths) that were installed by our distant ancestors to keep track of time.
The Akhunov menhirs are also called the "Bashkir Stonehenge" for the obvious similarity of this object to the British Stonehenge. A very interesting and attractive place from a historical point of view, but absolutely unattractive from a tourist point of view. There is no tourist infrastructure around the Bashkir Stonehenge that could catch visiting guests.
And there are many such examples. And around the shikhans, and numerous waterfalls, and most of the lakes of Bashkiria, there is no infrastructure that could serve tourists on a turnkey basis. And that's the whole problem.
And now the answer to the question: what to do? In my opinion, it is necessary to adopt a republican program for the construction of 5 diverse tourist superclusters in the south, north, west, east and central part of Bashkortostan. Financing is shared, that is, with the involvement of budget funds and private capital. But it would be even clearer to attract small businesses to megaprojects by giving them small shares of the project. In this way, a greater attachment of the clusters to the region could be achieved.
Bashkiria or officially the Republic of Bashkortostan is located in the southern part of the Ural Mountains, on the border of Europe and Asia. The name comes from the name of the indigenous people Bashkir (Bashkort).
The territory of the republic is located in the basins of the Volga, Ural and Ob rivers. Bashkiria is interesting for its rich and beautiful nature with a wide variety of landscapes, as well as national flavor.
The capital of Bashkiria is the city of Ufa. The largest cities are Ufa (1.124 million people), Sterlitamak, Salavat, Neftekamsk and Oktyabrsky.
Bashkiria borders on the following territories of the Russian Federation:
Geographical characteristics of the Republic of Bashkortostan:
Area 142,947 km² (27th place in Russia). The length from north to south is 550 km, from west to east - 430 km. Population 4,038,151 people (2020). The population density is 28.4 people/km², the share of the urban population is 62%.
The statistics nevertheless say that the ethnic composition of the population is dominated by Russians - 36%, followed by the Bashkirs - 29%. Tatars in the republic are 25%, Chuvashes - 2.7%, Mari - 2.6%, etc. In total, representatives of 160 peoples live.
There are two state languages on the territory of the republic - Bashkir and Russian. There are many signs in Bashkir, or in both languages.
The Republic of Bashkortostan is located on the slopes of the Southern Urals, in the Cis-Urals and in the Trans-Urals. The absolute marks range from 62 to 1640 m. The highest mountain is Yamantau (1640 m).
More than 12,000 rivers, about 2,700 lakes, ponds and reservoirs flow here. The greatest concentration of lakes is in the trans-Ural part of the republic. Among the lakes of the western part, the largest are: Aslykul (18.5 km²) and Kandrykul (12 km²).