Acquaintance with Europe, one of the seven parts of the world, is a dream for any traveler, seasoned with their own expectations and experiences, images drawn from films and literary works, paintings by great artists and musical compositions, simply expectations of a miracle and unforgettable impressions. Just think, it is here, on the territory of about 10.5 million km², that more than 732.4 million people live!
About 30 countries are located in Europe. Excursion, health, group tours are offered by hundreds of travel companies.
Many people associate Austria with great winter tourism in Central Europe. During the season, tour operators offer package tours to Austria with flights and transfers.
Great Britain is the birthplace of modern sports, comfort, ancient traditions and an aristocratic lifestyle. People who have visited the shores of Foggy Albion will forever fall in love with this beautiful country.
North Caucasus - only experienced accompanying guides.
Tours to Germany remain one of the most popular. The picturesque Rhine Valley with dozens of monasteries and medieval castles, the picturesque Black Forest, the ancient culture of Bavaria, the calm Baltic coast, mountain resorts in the foothills of the Alps, winemaking and hundreds of historical monuments.
Greece is an ancient country, home of legends, generals, myths and philosophers. Famous for its seaside resorts and the Olympic Games, it is here that antiquity remains relevant along with the present.
Mysterious and multifaceted Spain beckons with passionate flamenco dance, incomparable wine and delicious national cuisine. In addition, this country is the birthplace of Picasso, Dali and Cervantes.
The visiting card of Holland is huge flower plantations: almost the whole country is covered with a multicolored carpet of plants, and it is very beautiful! Masterpieces of medieval architecture, churches, town halls, cathedrals - everyone should see this at least once in his life.
Poland - rest surrounded by picturesque nature on the Masurian lakes, the beaches of the Baltic Sea, the Polish Tatras with healing mountain air for those who prefer active rest and unforgettable excursions to the dunes.
The mountain ranges of Slovakia are truly a paradise for skiers. Local beer and national cuisine will not leave anyone indifferent.
Slovenia is characterized by castles and cities, medical and health resorts, the clean Adriatic Sea, ski resorts and alpine lakes, and the country's hotels are known throughout the world for their high level of service.
Europe deserves to be synonymous with art and culture, science and enlightenment. As part of the continent of Eurasia, it consists of 43 countries. Europe is home to about an eighth of the entire population of our planet. With excellent so-called baseline data, this region is a completely boring and cultural corner of the globe.
It is rich in religious relics, monuments of sculpture, painting, architecture, various historical and architectural monuments that have been created by people over many centuries. Tourism in Europe is very popular today, because the vast majority of the population of the planet Earth wants to visit resorts in the summer, go skiing in winter, contemplate a huge number of world-famous attractions. The gradual development of tourism in Europe has contributed to the formation of various types of recreation.
Everyone will be able to choose a vacation to their taste. For those who prefer excursion routes, want to replenish their knowledge base with all sorts of historical facts, see many memorials, buildings that have survived to this day, countries such as Great Britain, France, Germany are suitable. Tourism to Europe for beach lovers is offered by such countries as Spain, Bulgaria, Italy, Crete.
If you have a great desire to start looking for spiritual food, it is best to visit Italy, Bulgaria or Greece. People who hate being bored, visiting excursions, wanting to have a good time, they should hit the road to Monte Carlo, soak up the Cote d'Azur, located in the southeast of France, or take plane tickets to the Spanish island of Ibiza. However, when there is a desire, a person can easily find rest for his soul and mood.
The Apennine boot, covered with a lot of snow, is a rather high mountain system located in the western part of Europe. The magnificent peaks of the Alps can be seen in each of the eight countries listed below. These include Monaco, France, Slovenia and Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein and Austria.
Tourism to Europe, where you can admire the beauty of mountain peaks, idyllic villages, crystal clear lakes, is now very attractive for tourists. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that countries in the Alpine region are content with maximizing the benefits of geographic location.
The benefits are as follows: in the summer, the Alps become one of the main resorts for recovery and treatment, while in winter these mountains attract ski enthusiasts, therefore they occupy a leading position among the many mountain resorts. It is worth noting, despite the various existing types of tourism, in recent years a new option, called ecotourism, is gaining popularity. Here everyone can enjoy the untouched nature, get to know the cultural, ethnographic features of the region without violating the integrity of ecosystems.
Vacation will never be the same: instead of scouring the top 10 attractions, more and more travelers are leaning towards slow tourism. The idea of slow entertainment was born and became popular in Italy, and the main routes were pilgrimage routes in Europe. How to spend your holidays leisurely, says geographer and tourism specialist Alexandra Poyarkova.
The main condition for slow tourism is to have a rest without haste: move on foot, on a bicycle, on horses or donkeys; live in a tent, a houseboat or on a farm; get acquainted with the local culture, customs, buy food and souvenirs “0 km” (grown and produced locally, not Crimean avocados with quinoa or Chinese magnets from around the world). A tourist is no longer a tourist, but a traveler.
Nothing, of course, is new under the moon of vacation: not that hiking, leisurely hiking with a backpack in the back was invented yesterday. But since trips around the world have become available not only to representatives of the very top of the social pyramid, the race “around the world in 80 days” has ceased to be interesting, and the traveler begins to choose not the most expensive, but what brings both pleasure and benefit.
The same thing happened with plastic bags: in childhood I had to go shopping with my grandmother's string bag, then plastic bags appeared in supermarkets, and my grandmother's handbags disappeared as unnecessary. But twenty years passed - and cellophane bags became an attribute of philistinism, and then irresponsibility, ecologists sounded the alarm. It turned out that the granny knew a lot about eco-shopping, and canvas bags can be quite a fashionable accessory.
One of the goals of slow travel is an environmentally friendly vacation, but it shouldn't be confused with ecotourism. The main goal of the slow trip is knowledge, calmness, rejection of the usual frantic rhythms.
The first slow movement originated in one of the most leisurely countries in Europe - the cradle of the "dolce vita" of Italy.
In 1986, Carlo Petrini founded in the small town of Bra the cultural association Arci Gola (Arci is an abbreviation for a cultural association, Gola is "gulp" or "gluttony"), which opposes the fast food system. The goal of this movement was to preserve local food and wine traditions, revive unique, endangered products, stop intensive and monocultural agriculture, preserve biodiversity and create caterers with a slow food philosophy. Instead of throwing a plastic cheeseburger into themselves on the run, visitors enjoy healthy food and dishes prepared according to local traditional recipes.
So it is not surprising that the leisurely manner of travel received the most widespread resonance in the Apennine Peninsula. 2019 is declared the year of slow tourism in Italy: the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Cultural Activities and Tourism has launched a portal with a map of the main routes of slow travelers.
The map also shows bike paths between cities, the most interesting towns, UNESCO World Heritage Sites, historic cemeteries and many other interesting sights.
Another Italian site is genteinviaggio. t - published 10 commandments of the slow tourist, which quickly became immutable rules on all portals on the topic:
The summer season and the tourism business in Europe have fallen victim to the coronavirus - they will try to get out. But it will definitely not be like before. How will it be this summer?
Modern Europeans don't work for wear and tear. Therefore, weekend vacations and foreign trips at least twice a year (in summer - to the sea, in winter - to a ski resort), even if for this you have to save on food, clothing, heating on weekdays, this is sacred. Unless, of course, we are talking about retirees from the rich countries of Northern Europe who do not get out of overseas cruises. German vacationers prefer a paid two-week vacation in the summer in Spain, Greece, Turkey. Europeans, who are wealthier, will give up somewhere in the Seychelles, Maldives, Bali or the Caribbean islands, in order to rush to skiing in Austria or the Italian Tyrol in winter. The Greeks, for some time now impoverished, will prefer one of their hundreds of their own islands in the summer, sharing it with the British, French and everyone else, and will spend Christmas and New Year's holidays in their native village ...
It was like this yesterday, before the onset of the coronavirus, when people had to go into quarantine, revenues sank, borders closed, and planes were laid up. But life, which, of course, will never be the same (for the elite, however, nothing will change, it will only gain), cannot stop. Of course, ordinary Europeans cannot do without recreation, albeit not as large-scale and luxurious as recently. For in fact and in terms of ethnogenesis, they are still mostly "old people" (the migrant element from the countries of Asia and Africa made its way to Europe not to work). To "plow" without days off and vacations, as is often the case in Ukraine and the vastness of the CIS, compatriots who are not spoiled in the USSR, the majority of Europeans are simply not able to.
The government of the European Union - the European Commission - understands this, of course, as well as the fact that tourism in Europe is one of the essential spheres of its economy that needs to be saved.
The coming months shouldn't be wasted for the thriving European tourism ecosystem. Summer in Europe is the most important season for the tourism industry: it brings an average of 190 billion euros.
- the European Commission reminded the EU member states on May 13 on its website.
The EU - despite the fact that it has methods of influencing individual countries - cannot prohibit or permit tourism. Such powers are in the hands of national governments. Therefore, we are talking about urgent recommendations, as well as criteria by which the authorities of the EU member states will be able to determine where and when to weaken the quarantine regime and open the borders.
Greece is preparing for the tourist season. Photo: Agenturfoto via www. mago-images/Globallookpress
The European Commission believes that "as EU member states manage to contain the spread of the virus, continuous restrictions on freedom of movement should be replaced by more narrowly targeted measures." To this end, without being tied to a specific time frame, it is necessary to start "opening" for the citizens of the country and "regions with a similar epidemiological situation." This is the first criterion. The second is the ability of member countries to maintain "social distance", to be able to conduct the required number of tests for COVID-19. The third is the absence of excessive restrictions.
You cannot travel all over Europe in one trip, and no one offers you to do this. Below, in context, suggested route options for various regions of the continent, from the Moorish palaces of Spain to the village of Santa Claus in the Arctic Circle. Tourism in Europe on the "Grand Tour" is ideal for those who would like to see European attractions, but are limited in time. Each route takes two to three weeks, but one must take into account that there are so many interesting and popular places in Europe that you can stay for a long time.
UK and Ireland
1). London - One of the largest cities in the world consumes a lot of energy and money for entertainment and historical sites that have few analogues;
2). Cambridge - The famous university town offers a river walk, university architecture and a student beer hall;
3). York - The perfect place for those wishing to immerse themselves in British history, where you can walk from the Viking museum through medieval streets to the Gothic cathedral and the railway museum;
4). Edinburgh - The Scottish capital has a lot to offer: spectacular cityscapes, bustling bars and an international festival (if you have time);
5). Highlands - The highest and most remote region of Britain for those who want to take a break from the hustle and bustle;
6). Lake District - A breathtaking area among mountains and lakes, where there are many visitors, you will not have the opportunity to be alone;
7). Carnarvon Castle - The most impressive and magnificent castle in North Wales;
8). Dublin - Lively pubs, Guinness beers, Georgian architecture and an interesting literary heritage characterize the Irish capital;
From non-contact temperature measurement to VR shopping, we studied new technologies in tourism and selected those that will have the greatest impact on travel after COVID-19.