Water tourism is one of the categories of sports tourism, aimed at passing a certain route by water. Water tourism includes rafting, sea kayaking, river rafting, sailing tourism.
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For these purposes, sports swimming facilities of inflatable, frame and frame-inflatable structures are used. One of the most popular options is rafting.
What awaits a tourist who chooses water tourism? Let's take a closer look at the various directions of this exciting way of spending time.
Raft is a raft-boat in the shape of an oblong oval. It allows you to accommodate a small group of people at the same time. This design is used for descending rapids. Special loops, reminiscent of stirrups, allow you to hold onto the swimming device. Legs stick through them, since the legs will be busy rowing during the movement.
Each team has an instructor who monitors the coherence of the team. It is important that the rowing proceeds synchronously, otherwise the boat, due to the fast current, will start spinning near its axis and may turn over. Competitors must obey their captain unquestioningly. He is also responsible for the life and health of all members of the group, since rafting is a very dangerous form of entertainment.
Rafting has become very popular. After all, he gives those very sharp emotions, exciting moments that many so lack in everyday life. Traditionally, the rafting championship is held on the vastness of the African Zambezi River.
Recreation associated with thrill, adventure and risk to life is becoming more and more popular. Water tourism provides excellent opportunities for extreme travel along rivers and lakes. And the variety of its types allows you to choose an occupation for yourself and lovers of quiet recreation on the water.
The basis of water tourism is movement along the route with the help of floating devices, the varieties of which determine the type of recreation. Water travel combines elements of cultural, educational, ecological, extreme tourism, as well as physical and emotional recovery. Therefore, the division is rather arbitrary. Probably the biggest danger tourism poses is water trips. They require travelers to:
In addition to the widespread rafts, various types of rowing boats are used in water trips, which are used by many peoples. It is convenient to use them:
In the category of water tourism, rafting on rowing ships occupies a leading place. The vast territories of Russia are rich in reservoirs that are attractive for water trips. Kayaking is gaining popularity - rafting along rapids on a traditional boat of the peoples of the Arctic. There are two types of kayaking:
Special programs for kayakers of different difficulty categories have been developed in Karelia. Altai and Caucasus are popular for kayaking. An Indian boat - canoe is convenient for traveling across the water. It is distinguished by its stability and ease of control and is indispensable for rafting on a rough river.
Among the variety of rowing boats that represent water tourism, kayaks are probably the most versatile floating facilities. On two- or three-seater kayaks, you can easily maneuver on the rapids of the Altai and Yakutia rivers.
Special transport is an important part of this type of recreation. Different swimming aids are used for them:
Now they even produce special means for crossing. Such rafts are often used for entertainment, rafting, hunting. In addition to the usual boats or kayaks, introductory tourism has recently begun to use very unusual types of transport - inflatable skis. This exotic applies to water-skyshoes.
The categories of water tourism are constantly updated with new types. Rafting is now popular among active people. This category implies rafting on a special raft boat. The main features of this type of tourism are team play. On the river with dangerous rapids, not a single person is rafting. Several athletes are involved in this case, led by a slider giving orders.
Rafting has recently been recorded in the most extreme sports in our country. People were alarmed by the main dangers of water tourism:
Only true professionals with experience, knowledge and sufficient level of training preferred to engage in rafting. Now the popularity of rafting is growing among people who do not have special knowledge and skills. At the same time, the number of accidents in the field is increasing.
Therefore, professionals ask beginners not to neglect their consultations, as well as to pass the first rafting together with an instructor, choosing the safest and most difficult routes for this. Emotional preparation for the water trip also plays a huge role in the success of the rafting.
For rafting on Poreke, not only rafts are used, but inflatable catamarans. These flotation devices are two large air tanks connected by a sturdy frame. They can also be local.
The technique of passing obstacles on a catamaran involves raising the knees and fixing the legs. In this way, the risk of injury can be reduced.
Sailing catamarans have become the most popular floating facilities for professionals. Such ships are practically unsinkable. They have increased speed and great maneuverability. These flotation devices are widely used in international sports.
The simplest water trip: the third category is given for it not in vain, although there are no rapids and other natural obstacles on the route.
Sports water tourism in Russia is a trip on rivers of various difficulty levels, for the passage of which participants receive certain sports categories. The easiest level is the route of the first category of difficulty, during the passage of which, in particular, on a water trip, it is necessary to overcome 150 kilometers in 6 days along any calm river, where there may be no natural obstacles. For such a hike, its participants receive the third sports category, and its leader - the second (it is assumed that he has already participated in hikes of the first and second categories of difficulty).
By the way, an interesting project has recently been launched on the Internet - an interactive atlas (. e), which can help in forming an idea of the upcoming route. The Atlas is still young, but its knowledge base is rapidly growing. It seems that it will be quite useful for tourists.
Why is a sports category assigned in the absence of obstacles? And is the route of the first category of difficulty really that simple?
The participants of the hike must prove in six days that they have worked together into a single friendly team, obedient to the will of the leader and able to independently organize their own life and movement along the route. This is one of the conditions in tourism, and the foundations are laid precisely in simple hikes. Here a community of interests, the same points of view, a willingness to help each other in preparing for a campaign, and in arranging a camping life, and in overcoming obstacles are needed.
If it turns out that someone has not worked well, he does not like to row all day and cook food on a fire in the evening, then in such a hike you can easily get off the route: usually such hikes take place in populated areas.
It is important that the leader can be to a certain extent a psychologist: the harmony of the group depends to the greatest extent on his actions.
Yes, on such a route there are usually no rapids and they choose it closer to home. But this does not mean that there will be no obstacles on the way. These can be bridges hanging low over the river, dams with very different level differences, blockages formed by fallen trees.
You need to know in advance about the dangerous obstacles that dams can be, study their photographs and descriptions, present external signs, location on the map and prepare for actions to overcome them.
The tactics of overcoming obstacles, even relatively simple ones, require careful study. For example, the water drop at the dam can be small enough to be passed by kayaks, or it can turn out to be many meters long, requiring not passing, but bypassing. This also needs to be thought over, to determine who should do what, without fuss.
Even the simplest blockage can be dangerous if, while dodging the branches, the crew overturns the kayak. Therefore, you need to be prepared, know what to do, and if necessary, encircle boats around the rubble or drag ships over it.
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