New symbols, cherry blossoms and a glowing Kremlin: revealing the secrets of the Woodpecker mountains

All about rest in Nizhny Novgorod

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On the Nizhny Novgorod coasts, you can make up for everything that quarantine has deprived us of, and find an excellent alternative to sea adventures. We arm ourselves with swimming trunks and swimsuits, breathe in a light breeze and set off along the route we have outlined.

Without even leaving the city, you can go on a journey through the depths of water. You just need to choose a diving center or a club where you will be introduced to diving - a water sport in which a person in a special suit with special equipment and a supply of air can dive into the underwater world and spend up to twelve hours there.

Novice divers are assisted by qualified instructors: they conduct theoretical lessons and test dives in the pools. More experienced divers are offered to appreciate the beauty of the Nizhny Novgorod lakes.

If you like to study underwater life and do not want to part with the water depths, then you can go through training and get a certificate of a professional diver.

Beginners and experienced divers are welcome:

Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Sports House "Olymp", st. Veterinary, 2a

Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Sports House "Olymp", st. Veterinary, 2a and Dzerzhinsk, st. River Highway 15, bldg. 304

Address: Dzerzhinsk, Zarya swimming pool, pl. Dzerzhinsky, 6

Nizhny Novgorod is a great place for those who want to see not only picturesque nature, but also a large number of cultural monuments. Here you can visit various museums, monuments that remind of merchant Russia, theater venues, souvenir shops. And since the city is located on the banks of two rivers Volga and Oka at once, here you can enjoy beautiful views of the coast. This beautiful city with a rich history and unique architecture is under the protection of UNESCO. Also, it is included in the list of 100 cities of the world of cultural and historical value. So before planning a vacation abroad in 2021, you should think about whether you have seen all the memorable places of your own country!

Description and what you need to know?

Nizhny Novgorod is located in the central part of Russia, 416 km. from Moscow. Twin cities - Tampere, Kharkov, Minsk.

The city was built at the confluence of the country's two main rivers - the Oka and the Volga, in the center of the East European Plain. This location predetermined the further fate of the city - a military-strategic and commercial destination. Even during the reign of Catherine II, a decree was issued on the creation of the Nizhny Novgorod Trade Company, and permission was given to conduct active trade. The city is divided into two parts by the Oka River - Zarechny and Nagorny okrugs.

An important stage in the history of the city is the decision to create the Nizhny Novgorod Fair in 1817. This prompted the state authorities to direct a significant flow of funds for the development and construction of the city. History shows that it was from that moment that beautiful buildings, theaters and concert halls, exhibition halls and restaurants began to be actively built. Many buildings erected during that period are now included in the number of architectural monuments.

A city of one million, its population is about 1,270,200 people. It is an important economic, industrial and cultural center of the country.

How to get there?

Getting to Nizhny Novgorod will not be difficult - planes, trains, buses and even cruise ships. The fastest way is to fly. Strigino International Airport accepts all tourists. From there you can get there either by bus or by taxi.

And if you want to admire the beauty of the vast country - this is a cruise. The cost of such a trip is from 9,000 rubles, and the duration is 4 days.

The question of how to get around the city will not worry, since a variety of public transport runs on schedule and is inexpensive - metro, trams, buses, minibuses.

Climate

The climate of this region is moderately continental. Winters are long and cold, while summers are short and warm. The weather depends entirely on the time of year, because the temperature in winter can drop to -20 degrees, and in summer it can rise to 25. Therefore, what to wear depends on the date on the calendar. If we talk about when the tourist season begins, then this is the warm season. Sailing on a cruise ship or walking along the embankment in the rays of sunlight is much more pleasant than freezing in cold weather.

Infrastructure

Nizhny Novgorod is becoming more and more attractive for tourists. Our city has repeatedly hit the ratings for weekend travel, cities for lovers and the most comfortable cities. However, those who made it to Nizhny Novgorod often face the question of where to go. On the eve of the 800th anniversary of the city, the editors of the site "Nizhegorodskaya Pravda" are preparing an informal guide "Nizhniy in the Pocket", which will help easy-going companies to navigate in a new place and will open something new to the indigenous people of Nizhny Novgorod.

The third point in our guide will be the Dyatlovy Gory. These are seven hills located along the high bank at the confluence of the Oka and Volga, on which Nizhny Novgorod was founded.

Past

The name "Dyatlovy Gory" was first introduced by Pavel Ivanovich Melnikov, who discovered the earliest mention of this name in the "Book of the Big Drawing" (1627). Opinions are divided over its origins. Melnikov published the Mordovian "legend about the Starling and the Woodpecker" in the Nizhegorodskie Provincial Gazette. She says that the Mordvin Starling and the sorcerer Woodpecker once lived in these parts. Once Starling asked Woodpecker about the fate of his children (and there were seventy of eighteen wives!). And the Woodpecker answered: If your children live peacefully and in accordance with each other, then they will own these places for a long time, and if they quarrel, they will be subdued.

Time passed. The wizard Woodpecker died, and Starling buried him on the mountain at the mouth of the Oka River. And they began to call this place "Dyatlovy Gory". Skvorets also died after him, and before his death he bequeathed to his children mutual consent and unanimity, but their descendants began to be at enmity with each other, and then Andrei Bogolyubsky expelled them from the mouth of the Oka, and his nephew Yuri Vsevolodovich built Nov-Grad Nizhny here. And so the Woodpecker's prediction came true.

According to another legend, Woodpecker is the nickname of a pagan Mordvin, received by him for the fact that he was forced to constantly work with an ax to build dwellings at the confluence of the Oka and Volga for his eighteen wives and seventy sons.

There is also a more prosaic assumption that the name of the mountains came from the external similarity of these high banks with veins of red and white clay with the coloring of woodpecker plumage. And the famous researcher of the Nizhny Novgorod Territory, Alexander Gatsisky, wrote that most likely, many woodpeckers lived in the forests that covered these hills.

But be that as it may, the name has survived to this day. In honor of the Dyatlovy Gory, Nizhny Novgorod students, together with street artist Anton Tabatchikov, even created street art on the Grebnoy Canal. The image of the "sorcerer in the form of a hovering bird" is best viewed from above, for example, from a cable car.

Present

Today the view of the city from the river and the Dyatlovy mountains themselves are changing. Comfortable embankments and apple-tree alleys appeared on the very shore. Drones help modern photographers to capture this beauty from a bird's-eye view, which allowed Nizhny Novgorod residents and guests to see Nizhny Novgorod from the most unexpected angles - from the river itself to the peaks of the Dyatlovy Mountains.

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