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Medical tourism in our time has become one of the most popular types of recreation among tourists. Previously, people more often went on vacation solely to visit the sea, as well as sunny resorts, to see various sights and historical places, but now many have begun to pay more attention to their own health. That is why now tourists often buy vouchers to hospitals and sanatoriums, going there as part of health tours.
Health tourism is now developed at a very high level in many different countries. Many cities have unique centers that help to overcome a variety of diseases, as well as provide quality diagnostics. Medical tours to India are very popular, which, in addition to professional specialists, pleases with a healthy climate (it is especially favorable for people who have respiratory diseases). Also, tourists quite often travel to Thailand and Israel to improve their health.
The method of spa treatment with the aim of healing with the help of natural resources has been known since ancient times. Then at the places where mineral waters emerged on the surface of the earth, people built simple buildings, which were the prototypes of the current balneological centers. In addition, rumors that these springs have healing properties spread among the people very quickly, which led to the fact that sick people flocked to these places from everywhere.
Balneology first appeared around the 5th century BC. ... At this time, Herodotus developed methods of use, as well as indications for the use of healing mineral liquids. Aristotle also wrote on this topic. Plutarch noted the presence of healing thermal springs on the island of Euboea, to which patients flocked even from the most remote regions. At the same time, the construction of the first buildings began, in which travelers who arrived for health procedures were accommodated.
After the Bronze Age, material evidence has been preserved that during this period of time, medical procedures were carried out using mineral springs. Archaeologists have found the remains of buildings erected near the springs of carbon dioxide in the area that is now located in the resort center of Santa Morsh, located in Switzerland. The ruins of many ancient water spas have been discovered during excavations in Greece.
The Romans built health-improving facilities at the locations of mineral springs in the territories they had conquered. Remains of the ruins of similar buildings dating back to the times of Roman possession have survived to this day. For example, well-preserved remains of hospitals located on the site of the current resorts of Sinjors Bay, as well as Beile Yerkulane in Romania (Udapest). In addition to them, the ruins of the former Roman health centers are located in the Yugoslav spa centers in Dobrna and Varaždiski Toplice, on the shores of the lake. Balaton in Hungary, in German Wiesbaden and Swiss Baden, British Bath and French Ex-les-Bains, as well as Timgoda in Algeria and Hisar in Bulgaria.
The most famous medieval treatment centers were Aachen and Plombier-Bain. In addition to them, the mineral springs located in Cotrets and Spa also had considerable popularity, and from the 13th century. the patients again reached out to the sources of Abano Terme, which were known in earlier times. By about the middle of the XIV century. the health center in Baden-Baden became popular, and Karlsbad also appeared (now this health center is called Karlovy Vary).
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