It is often during their holidays that residents of densely populated cities want to go as far away from civilization as possible in order to enjoy pure nature, natural products and suburban peace.
In recent years, this desire has become so widespread that it has grown into a whole original direction - green and ecological tourism. Today, many countries offer such types of recreation, even forming special programs for potential guests.
What you need to know about them, and what features an organization of this direction has, let's figure it out.
Ecological tourism is a fashionable direction of recreation, the essence of which is a purposeful journey through natural, preferably untouched by civilization, territories in order to study them, as well as rest without changing the existing ecosystem. This type of travel involves the fulfillment of a large number of conditions from the tourist.
Ecological tourism as a direction with all its rules has emerged relatively recently. So only in the second half of the last century they began to actively practice it, however, only Africa was the object of study then.
Very quickly this direction has grown all over the world, and today you can find good educational tours to any corner.
Of course, not all of them have such a pronounced educational mission and strictly follow the general guidelines for using only natural and meticulous study of the biosystem. However, such tourism is still focused on respect for nature.
Everyone is recommended to take the opportunity to go on an eco-tour at least once. Such trips are useful not only for obtaining new sensations, but also for the maximum restoration of the body's resources.
Do you want to become a real ecotourist? To do this, you do not have to go to distant Uganda to observe gorillas in their natural habitat or climb into the Himalayas in the hope of photographing a red panda.
Although this option is also quite suitable. There are many other ways to join the ranks of eco-travelers, of which there are more and more today.
First, it's worth understanding what ecological tourism is. If you think that this is just outdoor recreation, then you are deeply mistaken. The concept of "ecological tourism" has a much deeper meaning.
Explore the world around you, preserve nature and take care of the environment - these are the basic principles of ecotourism, which involves visiting natural areas untouched by civilization in order to preserve their ecology.
Ecological tourism encourages tourists to follow the basic rules:
If this philosophy is close to you, then ecotourism is definitely your type of recreation.
The rapid development of ecological tourism and its incredible popularity all over the world is explained by the fact that people have begun to pay more attention to their health and the state of the environment.
Recreation in the open air away from the bustle of the city and the realization that with your trip you are contributing to the preservation of the surrounding nature - are these not weighty arguments in favor of ecotourism ?!
But, perhaps, the main driving force in the development of ecological tourism is the desire of people to expand their knowledge of the world around them, the desire to achieve spiritual and moral perfection.
The main feature of rural tourism is the living conditions: guests are accommodated in old log houses or in antique-style estates located in areas with untouched nature, away from industrial enterprises and multi-storey concrete buildings. With the exception of complexes with a complete historical reconstruction, such village hotels provide visitors with amenities at the level of resort apartments: the rooms have bathrooms, air conditioners, televisions and refrigerators, and in the dining room guests are provided with three meals a day. The main meaning of this type of recreation is to separate the inhabitants of megalopolises from the usual hustle and bustle and immerse themselves in a leisurely and measured rural life. In addition, the tours are also of an educational nature: many townspeople have never seen an authentic folk costume, did not sit with a fishing rod at dawn and did not milk a cow.
In Russia, rural tourism attracts mainly women, whose share in the target audience reaches 70%. Living in the village can be interesting for other residents of megalopolises - married couples with children and young people who prefer a healthy lifestyle and ecological cleanness of the environment.
Another fairly broad category of tourists is foreign citizens who want to get acquainted with cultural traditions and folklore. For such guests, the natural environment, national flavor and authenticity of rural life are sometimes more important than the presence of a TV in the room. Considering that foreigners choose places for recreation mainly via the Internet, it is necessary to develop their own multilingual website with colorful photographs, descriptions of services and a price list, as well as regularly place ads on foreign travel forums and social networks.
Collective field trips are also common in the corporate environment: managers of various companies buy similar tours for their employees in order to conduct events aimed at strengthening team spirit and working out ways of interaction between employees. Such clients usually rent a hotel for a period of several hours to two or three days and pay much more for it than ordinary private visitors.
Finally, the concept of rural tourism development implies close interaction with tour operators: companies interested in cooperation on favorable terms will not only post information about home hotel services on their website and in promotional materials, but will also help in developing high-quality tourist product, organize a transfer and entertainment program.
If you are organizing a holiday in a village house, you may well limit yourself to the help of relatives. Again, organizing rural tourism, you can agree with the villagers that they will receive vacationers at their homes for a certain fee. But in this case, one must be extremely selective in the choice of people for cooperation.
It is important to pay attention not only to the neatness of the home, but also to the honesty of the owners. When organizing a small village or tent camp, you need to hire medical workers, cooks, rescuers, as well as guides, instructors, hunters, fishermen. The final staffing plan depends on the number and scope of services offered.
Translators will also help if you plan to host foreign citizens on vacation. Equipment Pay attention to such an important component as equipment.
Green economy is the principle of sustainable urban development in all progressive countries of the world. Many states are trying to achieve a minimum impact on the environment, reduce air emissions and improve a favorable environment for their citizens.
The latest disaster news has been a catalyst for environmental concerns for many. It may seem that oil has spilled throughout the country, and there is more heavy metals in the air than in a cast-iron skillet.
But do not rush to get upset and look for housing in Sweden or Denmark. We will tell you about the cities of Russia in which humans have not yet managed to destroy ecosystems.
The first in line is the capital of the Tambov region, which for several years has been occupying a leading position in the eco-rating of cities by the Green Patrol public organization.
In recent years, the indicators of the maximum permissible level of emissions into the atmosphere have practically not increased, and work is underway to cleanse rivers, against floods, repair hydraulic structures and eliminate unauthorized dumps.
The city is one of the ten leaders of the "Green Shield" - a natural framework consisting of forests, fields, rivers, lakes, and shores. It serves to strengthen the environment and protect against the impact of man-made and anthropogenic factors.
From Moscow to Tambov 459 km, from St. Petersburg - 1171 km. The most environmentally friendly option is to travel by train, the journey from the capital will take about 9 hours.
What to see?
You need to go here for the beauty of Russian forests and fields, which are abundant in the region:
You can get to the place from Tambov:
Along the highway R 208 Tambov-Kirsanov, turn right at 66 km (there is a sign for Inzhavino), then along the highway 37 km to the river. ... Inzhavino, at the "T" -shaped intersection, turn left, then at the first turn, turn right, after 50 m on the left, the administrative building of the reserve.
From the railway station "Tambov-1" on the street. Railway station square, d. on the route Tambov - Inzhavino, departure at 8:00.
Eco-tourism (full name - ecological tourism) originated in the twentieth century as a way to escape from the hustle and bustle of the stone jungle in the bosom of mother nature. Gradually, this tourism industry began to develop, green tourism appeared, camping in the forest zone, but it all started with eco-trips (autonomous outings into nature with tents). The "Unknown World" club invites everyone to go on eco-hikes in the mountains of Crimea and Turkey, in which each of the participants will be able to touch nature, take a break from the harmful factors of the city and improve their health due to moderate exertion and being in the fresh air.
The advantages of eco-tours as a type of recreation are obvious to everyone who is fond of them, but rather vague for ordinary people who are accustomed to relaxing at sea.
There are also disadvantages to eco-tours. Of course, for seasoned hikers, they are caricatures, but if we have listed the pros, then we must list the cons.
I would like to express my gratitude to the organizers for a well-organized event. Unforgettable impressions: mountains, sea, forest, practice, yoga. I didn't even expect such a pleasant sensation. Thank you very much! You are great guys, it was nice to meet you here and talk to you. I am grateful to everyone and love you all!
Valentina and Vasily, thank you very much! I didn't even expect to get such pleasure. The team is wonderful, intelligent, kind and deep people gathered on the campaign, you will not find such people on the street. The places are simply unforgettable, every day is different. I liked the physical activity with a backpack, I think I continue to go hiking. I am very glad that the child came with me, she really liked it.
The trip has come to an end, and my trip to Crimea is coming to an end. There is such a phrase: “We come from childhood”; The last two days of the hike, I noticed that all the impressions from the hike that bring me vivid emotions are all that remained somewhere in my childhood. Get up in the morning and spend the whole day on the street - from childhood? Yes. Collecting firewood and burning fires - from childhood? Yes. Running barefoot on hot rocks - from childhood? Yes. Jumping over a fire, swimming in the sea, throwing stones at boats, laying stones on the beach - all this is from childhood. Here, on hikes, we do not play the roles that we have invented for ourselves in society. Every time, with every hike, we get to know ourselves more and more.
Climbing the mountain, we do not fight with ourselves, but approach the one who can achieve anything. Especially when you are tired, and a five-year-old girl and a pensioner with a backpack, more than yours, are overtaking you, you understand that something is not right. And forces are immediately found.
Thank you so much for the practice! I am amazed at how deeply Valya and Vasily feel the group, they always choose the right practices, hitting the bull's-eye. In this trip, I understood and comprehended a lot. Here the physical capabilities and scope of consciousness expand. Laspi is super, here we had our own beach! I take with me a lot of impressions. During these fifteen days, I visited an interesting company, gained strength and positive emotions, plunged into childhood and rethought myself in communication with each member of the group. I will definitely come for the New Year. Many thanks to Valya, Vasily and Sasha (administrator).