Neither the Russian nor the Egyptian side has official statistics on the number of Russian citizens who have visited the Arab Republic. Even if some of the Russians had a rest in 2016, their number is insignificant and they entered through other countries.
Egypt's 2019 was the most successful year in terms of tourism revenue ever. According to the country's Central Bank, tourism receipts totaled $ 12.6 billion. And this is without Russian tourists.
The previous record was in 2010 - $ 12.5 billion. Due to the revolution that began in 2011, tourist flow decreased and revenues from the industry began to fall: $ 8.8 billion in 2011, $ 7.6 billion in 2012, $ 5.9 billion in 2013. At the same time, the Russians did not give up on the resorts of Egypt, and the number of tourists from the Russian Federation only grew.
Russia, and then the countries of Europe, banned flights to Egypt in November 2015. This had a significant impact on the tourism industry - the Arab Republic lost $ 1.3 billion and revenues from the tourism industry fell to $ 5 billion. But already in 2017, most of the EU countries lifted restrictions on flights, and Egypt found a replacement for Russian tourists - this is confirmed by the numbers. In 2017, the tourism sector brought in $ 7.2 billion, in 2018 - $ 11.6 billion. According to the Ministry of Tourism of Egypt, today the tourism sector accounts for 15% of the country's GDP, specifies the Association of Tour Operators of Russia (ATOR).
Before the tragedy of 2015, the main country-supplier of tourists for Egypt was Russia. The distribution looked like this: Russia - 2.6 million people, Great Britain - 0. million people, Germany - 0.8 million people, Italy - 0.6 million people, Ukraine - 0.4 million people.
Egypt relied on China - according to ATOR, a million Chinese visited the country in 2016, and already in the first quarter of 2017, China became Egypt's fourth largest entry market. Also, the republic began to more actively attract tourists from India, the Middle East and North Africa. In 2017, almost all of Europe resumed flights to Sharm El Sheikh, and British tourists returned to Egypt in the fall of 2019.
In addition, the flow of tourists from Germany increased in 2019 - up to 2.5 million people - this is 3.5 times more than in previous years. According to the Egypt Today newspaper, the Egyptian authorities will focus on promoting the country - in particular, on the travel markets of Spain and Italy.
For several years, Egypt has remained the most popular winter destination for Russians: it was practically irreplaceable in terms of the optimal balance of transport accessibility (5 hours flight from Yekaterinburg), visa-free travel and relative cheapness.
Egypt expects tourists to return in 2021. For this, the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism is preparing the launch of several projects aimed at attracting foreigners. What has already opened in Egypt to the public in 2020, and what new items are coming this year?
The main event in the tourist life of Egypt will be the opening in 2021 of the Great Egyptian Museum. The grandiose facility worth about $ 1 billion was planned to be shown to the world in 2020, but due to the pandemic, the grand opening was postponed to the second half of 2021.
At the beginning of January 2021, the museum is 97% complete. One of its main halls, dedicated to Pharaoh Tutankhamun, is fully equipped. According to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism, for the first time in one place all the artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun will be exhibited, many of which have never been exhibited in public.
There will be more than 50 thousand exhibits in the museum's collection. Among them are statues of the pharaohs Ramses II, Sekhmet and Seti.
The tomb of Ramses I was opened in Luxor after restoration. The object was discovered in 1817 by the Italian archaeologist Giovanni Belzoni, and since then there has been no large-scale restoration work there. The mummy of Pharaoh Ramses I is on display in the Luxor Museum.
In 2020, the floors were preserved in the tomb, ancient walls were cleared of soot and excrement from birds and bats, and inscriptions and drawings were restored.
At the end of last year, it was announced that the restoration of 29 statues of rams in the Karnak Temple was completed. The ram is an ancient Egyptian symbol of strength and fertility, and, according to ancient Egyptian beliefs, "accompanies" the ancient Egyptian god Amun Ra. Each statue weighs about 5.5 tons; during the restoration work, the base was strengthened under them, so that now all multi-toned sculptures "maintain" a straight line.
The Temple of Isis also appeared in a renewed light. Built by Ptolemy III, the temple tells the story of Isis, Osiris and Horus. The main entrance is crowned with an ornament crowned with a winged sun disc. During the restoration, the floors and columns were restored, the walls, ancient inscriptions and drawings were cleaned, and a new lighting system was installed.
The resorts of Egypt have become classics of beach holidays for a long time. Throughout the year, thousands of desperate surfers, enthusiastic divers, lonely seeking peace and quiet flock to the Red Sea coast, families with children and party youth groups come here. Seduced by the hot sun, warm sea, oriental hospitality and interesting entertainment, tourists return again and again to the land of sands, pharaohs and pyramids.
In fact, the swimming season in Egypt does not stop throughout the year, even in winter, Egyptian resorts continue to generously pamper tourists with warmth and sun. But if you look in detail, periods of high and low tourist seasons also exist in Egyptian resorts.
It is believed that the best time to visit this country is autumn. At this time, not too hot, but comfortable for sunbathing and swimming, the weather sets in Egypt. In winter, a full-fledged beach holiday is also possible, but do not forget about the coastal winds, which can spoil the mood in some resorts.
By the way, prices for tours to Egypt in December usually increase significantly, after all, the New Year is on the nose.
Spring brings with it falling prices and warming. By the way, the Egyptian spring is the most favorable time for diving. Of the unpleasant surprises that may await you on vacation, it is worth noting a possible meeting with jellyfish. However, if that calms you down, the jellyfish that inhabit the shores of the Red Sea sting painfully but not fatally.
With the onset of summer, the real heat begins in Egypt. It used to be thought that visiting Egyptian resorts at this time was undesirable, but recently the number of tourists who go to Egypt in summer has been growing. This is not to say that a beach vacation in Egypt in the summer months will be unsuccessful, however, it will hardly work to combine it with an excursion because of the heat.
Choosing Hurghada or Sharm el-Sheikh is a burning question for those who are planning a beach vacation in Egypt. Both the first and the second options have their pros and cons, and beach holidays in Egypt are not limited to these cities, but first things first.
Hurghada is the oldest Egyptian resort, which from year to year attracts huge crowds of history lovers, diving and those who dream of simple beach relaxation. Hurghada is perfect for families with children, young couples, and those who prefer active rest.
All the beaches of Hurghada are sandy with a flat, flat bottom, only on some beaches located in the northern part of the city there are corals in which sea urchins hide.
Tipping in Egypt is called bakshish.
Tourists give baksheesh to taxi drivers, porters, maids and other servants. In addition, for the mentality of the local population, getting a tip is not at all shameful, but even very pleasant. But you can pay with very little money of 20-50 piastres. Cafes and restaurants usually give about 10% of the bill. The bill already includes tax and interest for the service.
Approximate price tag for small services:
Bakshish is probably the most expected from a tourist by the owners of camels and workers of temples and museums, it is customary to pay for their small services.
If you have agreed with someone from the local about an excursion, find out the exact list of services on his part, otherwise you will have to pay extra for every little thing.
This fully applies to taxi drivers who will begin to prove that he had to go more than they agreed, or even a boatman who stopped with a tourist in the middle of the river to talk to you about additional bakshish. In this case, you need to have good nerves.
Depending on your appearance, how tanned you are (all of a sudden, you've just arrived and don't know the local specifics), the price can jump even a hundred times, and it all depends on your bargaining ability.
Most often, in order for the annoying seller to lag behind the tourist, the phrase lashukran is enough, which means "thank you, no need". If it goes to the extreme, the word imshi is used, in translation "get out", but here it is perceived as a slap in the face.
In Egypt, a tourist is a cash cow, so God himself ordered to rip off him as much as possible.
Read the reviews of tourists about Sharm El Sheikh for 2019-2020. What do they write about the weather, hotels, beaches, sea and excursions in the popular resort of Egypt? Pros and cons of holidays in Sharm El Sheikh in 2021. Tourist advice.
The Egyptian resort has a desert subtropical climate, so you can swim and sunbathe at any time of the year. Tour prices are lower from September to May, and the high season starts around April and ends at the end of November.
According to tourists' reviews, the best weather in Sharm El Sheikh is in April, October and November. During these months, the sea is warm, and the average daytime temperature rarely exceeds + 30 ° C.
Sergey: "You need to go to rest here from about the end of September to mid-April, when the heat is not so exhausting. I was convinced of this from my own experience."
Zhanar: "June is the most successful month for swimming, diving and sunbathing, but not for walks and excursions."
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Most of the resort's hotels are 4-5 *, and almost all of them accept guests on an all-inclusive basis. According to reviews, the best hotels in Sharm el-Sheikh are located on the seashore or within walking distance from the beaches. Rooms at Hadaba and Naama Bay are relatively old. The most modern hotels are located in the Nabq area.
To ensure that your holiday in Sharm El Sheikh in 2021 meets expectations, study the reviews of tourists about hotels:
Anna: "Tropitel Naama Bay Hotel 5 * is a hotel for the soul! Upon arrival, they were greeted very attentively! All wishes were fulfilled."
Medieval castles weren't really just large fortresses with massive stone walls. These were ingeniously designed fortifications that used a variety of ingenious and creative ways to defend the inhabitants of the castle from enemy attacks. Literally everything - from the outer walls to the shape and location of the stairs - has been carefully planned to provide maximum obi protection.