Hiking to the Khibiny (sports, 1st category of difficulty): description

Categories of difficulty of routes in cycling tourism; all about cycling

Classification of water hazards and routes

The lecture was delivered at the KBT MSU in 2015

Unified All-Russian Classification of Tourist Routes

Water routes

Obstacle passport

The international classification divides all rough floatable rivers into six categories:

There is a current, but the only danger is small shoals, on which single protruding stones can be found.

The line is obvious from the rush, but there are simple obstacles. Small plums and barrels may be present. In some places, the flow is accelerating.

There is a definite line of motion to follow, but it is easy to see from the rush. Shafts can be tall and messy. Rocks and other obstacles can be numerous. There are barrels and small catches.

The line of movement in the doorstep is not always obvious. At this level of difficulty, most kayakers prefer to go through the rapids with a preview. The rapids are continuous, the water can be powerful. The barrels are very powerful. Constant maneuvering is necessary.

Sochi, resort

Tourist documentation, ways to categorize cycling trips - NIGHTS

Compiled by: Vadim Kolchin

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Paperwork for hiking and travel

The document for carrying out categorical (1 grade and more complex) tourist and sports trips (SP) is a route book (MC) of the established form.

IC and certificates of offset of completed joint ventures are issued by tourist route qualification commissions (ICC), whose activities are regulated by the relevant Regulations on the ICC of Russia.

Completed MK in duplicate, copies of certificates confirming the experience of the participants and the leader, cartographic material and other documents necessary for the release of the group on the route, are submitted and registered with the ICC, which has the appropriate authority, no later than 10 days before the start of the hike (excluding the time for sending documents). Consideration of documents via the Internet is possible.

In case of a positive conclusion of the IWC, the head is issued a registered MC with the IWC stamp.

Issuance of certificates of a completed joint venture is carried out by the MCC after reviewing the report. The Help lists the defining obstacles and route factors that have been passed. The report is submitted to the ICC no later than one year after its completion. The change in this period may be made by decision of the MCC.

The report is usually submitted in writing. It should be clear how the team members overcame the obstacles that define the difficulty category of the joint venture. The form and volume of the report are established by the ICC when the group is released on the route, about which an entry is made in the MC.

The overcoming of the defining LP by the members of the group is recorded on photo/video materials and is presented during the defense of the route to the IWC.

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The fact is that the tourism we are doing now was born in a country that is no longer on the map (USSR). Then people were interested in visiting the untouched corners of their vast homeland, and the state was interested in maintaining the cheapest and most cost-effective type of recreation. So gradually people went hiking at different levels, and with the growth of experience, claims for more difficult routes also grew. Over time, it became necessary to classify these routes in order to provide a certain level of their security.

This is how the rules of independent travel evolved. To regulate the development of tourism, the path of mountaineering was chosen - sport, which is much easier from an organizational point of view. There are public organizations (federations) that regulate their sport themselves, write rules, classify routes, etc. The costs of the state are minimal - equipment rental, organizational issues with premises, etc. What makes it convenient for the tourists themselves - org issues are resolved, somewhere the very opportunity to study is simplified. But this is the background.

What we have now. There are rules for conducting trips. They are somehow finalized (at least have such an opportunity) by experienced tourism masters. When conducting a hike, each organized group should follow a sequence of steps to reduce the risk of accidents on the hike. Next, the group should bring their route for assessment to more experienced people from the route qualification commission (ICC) for assessment. The commission looks at the route, communicates with the group and decides on the possibility of going through the hike. This is how it should be and, by and large, this is how it is.

There is a certain classification (ranking) of routes in tourism. It grew out of the experience already gained and may well change further. Its meaning is to build up experience gradually and to protect against overestimating one's strength and underestimating the route. Accordingly, there are requirements for the participants and leaders of the campaigns. Well, as a general rule, there are rules describing the main points of what can and should be done and what not.

In a person, to a certain extent, there is a craving for self-esteem and the assessment of others, and a clear classification increases the adequacy of such an assessment and pushes for development.

This approach can be considered sports tourism. It can be said more formally that a sports trip is activities related to the movement of a person in the natural environment on any transport or without it, alone or as part of a group, with cognitive, health-improving, sports and other purposes. This sounds somewhat formal, because we can say that a hike is a movement and achievement of some goal in a wilderness area, be it a sports obstacle (summit), or an obstacle on the way to an exclusive view (pass, summit), or a peculiar perception of the view after the obstacle passed (route).

Is it possible to believe a person who says that he is not interested in sports, and at the same time tries to compare his trip? Is it possible to believe a person if he says that he is not interested in sports, and at the same time he is going to the highest point of Europe? How to relate to a person who says that he is not interested in the rules of hiking, i.e. he is not an athlete, and at the same time he skips over his experience, neglecting other people's experience, leading people to an event that they cannot afford? Is it arrogant to call a person's desire to take advantage of someone else's experience (the rules of sports tourism) as a sport? These are already rhetorical questions aimed at realizing what you want from tourism.

Probably not worth saying that you can enjoy communicating with people, communicating with nature, enjoying solitude even within the framework of categorical trips. Moreover, at any age of a lifelong hike, it may be worth thinking about.

About types of tourism

It so happened that from the USSR we inherited this or that division into types of tourism: hiking, mountain, skiing, cycling, water, etc. We will talk mainly about hiking and mountain trekking.

We invite you to a hiking sports trip. The route is suitable only for those who have experience of multi-day hiking in the mountains. The Khibiny tundra is a wonderful place for those who want to try their hand at sports tourism. Training and preparation is possible during weekend hikes BEFORE the hike. We recommend participating in at least two.

Overnight in tents.

We cook food on a fire and burners, all participants are on duty in turn. Snacks with hot tea are provided instead of lunches.

The route is declared in the MCC FSST SPb and is registered with the Ministry of Emergency Situations. The hike report takes part in the Hiking Championship with possible subsequent assignment of ranks.

Daily program


We highly recommend to go by train # 022 St. Petersburg-Murmansk. Train tickets can now be purchased 90 days in advance.

On the way for almost a day - there will be an opportunity to discuss all the issues with the instructor and prepare a "transfer" - things for the return trip and food for the second part of the trip. We will give the transfer at the station of Apatity for delivery to the middle of the route (KSP "Kuelporr").


Meeting the group at the railway station of Imandra station at 19:00 (time of arrival of train # 022 from St. Petersburg).

On the first day, our task is to move from the station up the Goltsovka River and camp for two nights. We will try to walk 7 kilometers in three transitions, but if someone has difficulties (after all, the first day, right from the train to the trail), then you should not worry about possible delays on the way, despite the evening time, around us - polar day!


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