Health tourism

Health tourism

Did you know that rest can be not only pleasant, but also useful? This type of recreation includes health tourism. Man has always used the healing properties of nature to maintain health. The history of its origin goes deep into the past.

In Russia, the first work in the development and development of mineral waters is associated with Peter 1. He experienced their effect on himself, after which he issued a decree on the creation of the resort "Marcial Waters" in Karelia. So in Russia in 1719 the first resort appeared, which could be used by everyone. This was the beginning of the study of the healing properties of mineral waters and the spread of travel for the purpose of treatment.

Health tourism is a vacation that includes treatment in a sanatorium. The sanatoriums are located in ecologically clean zones and offer various types of treatment. Such rest should consist of at least two weeks in order to obtain results.

The main goals of health tourism

With all the variety of health tourism services offered, there are three main goals. These include:

  • One of the types of services offered by the sanatoriums is recreation. The modern rhythm of life forces a person to be active, multifunctional in many areas of life. As a rule, this does not allow you to relax and negatively affects your overall well-being.
  • Treatment and prevention. The best way to treat disease is to prevent disease. Prevention is a complex of various kinds of measures aimed at preventing a disease or identifying its risk.
  • Recovery of the body, a series of activities that contribute to the overall strengthening of the body. For example, after a stroke, surgery or any stress.

Types of health resorts

Health tourism is divided into types and depends on the resorts. A resort is an area where natural resources are located and are used for the treatment or prevention of diseases. There are the following types of resorts:

  • balneological - these are resorts where treatment with mineral waters and thermal springs is possible;
  • mud - these are resorts, the method of treatment of which is therapeutic mud baths;
  • climatic - these are resorts where the main therapeutic and prophylactic source is the climate. For example, a mountain, seaside climatic resort;
  • mixed resorts are resorts that use all three of the above methods of recovery.

Russian Resorts

Health tourism

Wellness travel has been known for a long time. The mineral springs and favorable climate were used for therapeutic purposes by the ancient Romans and Greeks in the health resorts of Baia, Kos, Epidaurus. Time passes, but health tourism remains in demand. The geography of tourist flows is only expanding. Which countries are the most attractive for medical travel today?

Content of the article:

Health tourism in Russia

The geography of domestic resorts is very extensive. Most Popular:

It is worth noting that for people with mental disorders, tuberculosis, thrombophlebitis (with relapses), with lung abscess, treatment in such climatic zones as, for example, Kislovodsk is contraindicated. In general, in Russia you can find a health resort for the treatment of any ailments.

Health tourism in the Czech Republic

Medical tourism in the Czech Republic occupies a strong leading position in relation to all other European countries. Treatment in Czech spas is a high quality of service, the latest equipment, low prices, a climate for which there are practically no contraindications. Most popular resorts:

  • Karlovy Vary (mineral waters).
  • Marianske Lazne (140 mineral springs).
  • Teplice (balneological).
  • Jachymov (thermal springs, radon treatment).
  • Luhačevice (min/water and mud for the treatment of lungs, gastrointestinal tract and metabolic disorders).
  • Podebrady (13 sources useful for heart diseases), Janske Lazne, etc.

Health tourism in Hungary

This is a Czech competitor in medical tourism. Hungary is considered a zone of thermal baths because of its unique thermal springs (60,000 springs, 1,000 of which are hot). Every third European tourist travels to Hungary "to the waters". The advantages are affordable prices, modern technologies and equipment, accurate diagnostics, and the highest level of service. The main directions of tourism: Budapest and Lake Balaton, Harkany (healing waters, mud therapy, modern therapeutic centers), Zalakaros.

Health tourism in Bulgaria


Hello friends! We will start today, unfortunately, with disappointing statistics. Scientists from all over the world have proven that the risk of developing diseases such as hypertension, osteochondrosis and obesity is most typical for a typical hero of the 21st century. That is, for you and me. What does this come from and why are we again?

Reasons for the active spread of the most famous diseases of civilization

Low psychological stability. A typical representative of the XXI century is highly susceptible to various stresses and nervous shocks. For example, against the background of the tragic events in Ukraine and the subsequent information war, our psyche has become more shattered. The number of visits to psychologists and psychotherapists has increased.

Bad food. Due to the crazy rhythm of life, modern people eat wrong. Not because they do not want to lead a healthy lifestyle, but because of the banal lack of time. McDonald's and bakery stands give us virtually no choice.

The influence of modern technology on the general condition. A typical hero of the 21st century is a man bent over a computer. We are addicted to technology. A concrete example: it is now 10 am, in front of me is a computer, at two opposite ends of the table are a phone and a tablet. That is, radiation is everywhere. But you, dear readers, do not flatter yourself. This article can only be read on electronic devices. So what do you have, a tablet or a computer?

Bad habits. Recently, the number of people suffering from alcohol, drug addiction and smokers has increased around the world. Relentless statistics persist in adding women and adolescents to their roster.

Actually, friends, this is a sad picture, but not a vicious circle. Everything in life can be overcome, even the laws of modern society. We are not going to tell you how to eat right and spend less time on the phone, no. It would be much more correct to think about how to change your consciousness and resist the diseases of civilization. We propose to approach the solution of this issue from the point of view of the most useful activity in this world - health tourism. Well, let's figure it out.

Medical Tourism Hospital - She and Africa Hospital

Since we are talking about health, it would be logical to remember medical tourism. In short, this is a common practice of medical treatment abroad. For example, we, Ukrainians, do not find proper care or equipment here (the reasons may be different) and go to the USA. Why is this move called tourism? It is believed that abroad, in addition to high-quality medical care, we will have a wonderful rest for the soul. That is, we have the opportunity to enjoy the landscapes of the country to which we have come. This, of course, is good, but tourism is remotely reminiscent. A hospital - after all, it is in Africa, that in America there is a hospital. Health with the help of medical tourism can be improved at the highest level, no doubt about it. But is it possible to change the psychology of a modern city dweller and correct his habits ... This is a big question.

Medical tourism, also known as health and wellness, is an organized event that provides medical services outside the region of residence, as well as combining recreation abroad and receiving highly qualified treatment.

Types of health tourism


Health tourism is divided into three groups: outbound, inbound and domestic.

- Outbound health tourism involves a trip abroad in order to receive medical services.

-Incoming health tourism is visits by foreign citizens of the country to meet medical needs.

-Internal health tourism - movement of citizens within one country between its regions to receive medical services.

Therefore, this direction does not always imply receiving quality medical services in another country.

Medical tourism has been gaining popularity lately. Tourists are looking for more qualified or cost-effective medical care. In turn, medical centers offer a wide range of services - from dental treatment to complex surgeries.

There are three types of medical tourism: therapeutic, diagnostic, and restorative.

- Medical - assumes that a person receives specific medical services aimed at treating his diseases. For example, dental services, chemotherapy, or surgery.

-Diagnostic - aimed at a thorough examination of the body using high-precision modern equipment or laboratory tests, identifying diseases, consulting with a specialist.

- Restorative allows you to partially or completely restore the lost functions of the body. For example, after paralysis, trauma, stroke.

Currently, the tourism industry in the world is one of the most dynamically developing areas in international trade in services. Over the past 20 years, the average annual growth rate of the number of foreign tourist arrivals in the world amounted to 5.1%, foreign exchange earnings - 14%.

The tourism sector is represented by various directions, types and varieties. Health tourism is a special type of tourism.

The concept of health-improving tourism is determined by its belonging to the tourism industry, as well as health-improving specialization.

The concept of "tourism" is considered in various aspects. This work is based on the definition given in the Federal Law of the Russian Federation "On the Basics of Tourist Activities in the Russian Federation". The law says that tourism is “temporary departures (travel) of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and stateless persons from a permanent place of residence for recreational, educational, professional, business, sports, religious and other purposes without engaging in paid activities for country (place) of temporary stay ".

In the context of this definition, the directions and types of tourism are distinguished, which are classified on various grounds.

The concept of health tourism is not clearly defined in the theoretical literature, although it is actively used in publications.

Analysis of the study of theoretical sources shows that a number of researchers (I. Zorin, V. Kvartalnov, A. Kuskov and others) classify health tourism as a category of recreational tourism or health resort tourism and determine his as a trip for the purpose of rest, recovery and treatment, recovery and development of physical, mental and emotional strength.

At the same time, many theorists of tourism distinguish health tourism as a separate, independent type of tourism, which has its own characteristic features, specific goals and objectives, development trends. These researchers include A. Babkina, Yu. Aleksandrov and a number of other authors.

In this study, we will adhere to the understanding of health tourism as an independent special type of tourism.

The main characterological feature of health tourism is its focus on the implementation of the following goals: rest; recreation (recovery); health improvement; treatment.

Based on the opinion of authoritative authors, presented in the textbook A. Babkin "Special types of tourism", we can define health tourism as a special type of tourism, which "provides for the movement of residents and non-residents within state borders and outside state borders for a period of at least 20 hours and no more than 6 months for health purposes , in order to prevent various diseases of the human body ”.

The essence of health-improving tourism is defined by such concepts as "health-improving area", "resort", defined by the Federal Law of the Russian Federation "On natural healing resources, health-improving areas and resorts." According to this law:

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