The relationship between geography and tourism is considered. With the interdependence of these spheres, each has its own vision of the territory. Typical cases of their mutual misunderstanding are described. The differences in approaches in relation to spatial information, in the formulation of research tasks, in route planning are explained.
Keywords: geography, tourism, travel planning, tourism technology.
Tourism is not possible without geography. All geographical knowledge is needed in tourism. "Geography" and "tourism" are closely interacting concepts, their connection is multifaceted. They complement and enrich each other in many ways. In tourism, geographic knowledge constitutes one of the most important blocks, plays a basic role, since tourism is inherently geographic and cartographic. A tourist product, a tourist route - these are processes in which geography is included in the technology of the main activity. Geography is a prerequisite for tourism.
Geography feeds tourism with information about tourist areas, resources, favorable and unfavorable environmental factors, information for the development of tourist routes. Thanks to geography, the technique and technology of tourism is improving, understanding and building the territorial organization of tourism is being formed, and ways of its development in the region are being sought. Geography contributes to the development of international tourism processes, increasing interest and respect in society for other peoples and cultures. Physical geography, socio-economic geography, cartography and all their subsidiary sciences are variously used in tourism, fuel tourism.
Tourism is one of the few areas of modern professional activity, such as education, ecology and some others, where all his geographical knowledge will be useful to the geographer. Tourism is one of the areas of practical interest of people, where the importance of geography is recognized. In this regard, tourism contributes to the development of geographical sciences and the system of geographical education, the growth of interest in geographical information in society. Tourism and recreation enterprises are often inherently geographic, organically integrated into the territory, reflecting its characteristics.
The relationship between tourism and geography is obvious, but we will not develop this topic in this article. Much is known about the mutual dependence of geography and tourism, and we would like to talk about geography and tourism as different worlds, where they do not always understand each other and often look at the same things with different eyes.
Not only geographers work successfully in tourism, and in this area it is difficult to count on priority. Try an experiment, send a geographer, philologist and historian to conduct excursions around the city. Who do you think will lose, the excursion will be less interesting. Maybe a geographer. Scientific geography is boring for tourism. The textbook nature of geography, complex geographic characteristics according to the template are not advantageous here.
The geographer considers the territory comprehensively, not missing anything that characterizes this territory. He is interested in everything that is attractive for tourism, and not very attractive (soils, industries, labor markets, etc.). Not all components of the territory are equally interesting for tourism. The soil, its horizons are not very attractive and can only be in demand by highly specialized tourism (scientific, etc.). However, it was the soil and its knowledge that helped grow the best sommelier in Moscow. I'll tell you about it.
Our graduate took monoliths during his student field practice in soil science. This is a common soil study procedure. Soil horizons were pouring down on the face. He literally tasted them and realized that the taste of the soil is different and is transmitted to plants. Then, as he became interested in wine geography, student observations were essential for the job. As a sommelier, he achieved great success in the field of this tourist service.
This suggests that literally all geographic information and observations are in demand in tourism, but they play a very different role. Some of them are required everywhere and everywhere, and the second part is very rare, but, nevertheless, is used. Therefore, the curriculum of tourist educational destinations should include classical geographic courses that are not adapted to the destination. Future specialists in tourism need to study the patterns of geology, relief, climate, hydrosphere, soil and biosphere, patterns of socio-economic and humanitarian geography, theoretical and geographical models, as is done by ordinary geographers.
At the same time, while working in tourism, characterizing the territory, we, as a rule, build the narrative in a sequence different from the classical geographical characteristics, focus on individual sections and deliberately exclude others. This is a different approach from the academic one. Note that if in geographical science there is a generally accepted sequence of geographical characteristics, then in tourism a single logical sequence of characteristics of a country or region has not been developed, and the classical one is not suitable here. This alone reveals the difference in understanding the required range of knowledge from the standpoint of geography as an academic branch and tourism as an applied one.
Geography of tourism - section Tourism, A. A. Samoilenko.
A. A. Samoilenko
Geography of tourism
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The educational discipline "Geography of Tourism" is designed for students of higher educational institutions of a tourism profile, studying in the specialties 230500 "Social and Cultural Service and Tourism" and 061100 "Organization Management". The thematic plan of the course is developed for 120 hours. Of these, 70 hours are spent on lecture material, 50 hours - in classroom seminars, field practical classes and other active forms of education.
Based on the results of studying the discipline, ALC students take a test (or an exam) and are tested for residual knowledge. OZO students write 2 tests and pass the test. The tests consist of 40 questions covering all sections and topics of this discipline.
90 questions and practical tasks have been developed for the organization of the test (exam).
The main goal of the course is the formation by students of systemic knowledge about the current state of the tourism industry in the world and in Russia, the main trends and ways of their development.
The main tasks are as follows:
• to give an idea of the structure of the discipline;
The main stages of the origin and development of tourism are considered. The analysis of the causes and preconditions of migration processes in the era of the primitive communal system, the emergence of the tourism industry in the Ancient East. The origin and genesis of tourist and excursion activities in Russia, the origin and formation of international tourism are described.