Kostroma is the birthplace of Ivan Susanin, Snow Maiden and the Romanov family. This settlement, located on the territory of Russia, is a provincial quiet, cozy and charming town located at the mouth of the Volga.
Kostroma is famous for its ancient cathedrals and churches, the Museum of Wooden Architecture, a unique elk farm and the Volga expanses. This city is rightfully considered one of the best places for families in 2021, as the city is home to many fabulous museums and other attractions that children love.
The city was founded by Yuri Dolgoruky back in the XII century as one of the borders of Russia. The legends of this city, in fact, constitute the main historical aspects of Russia. It was here that Susanin performed his feat, after which it became possible for Mikhail Romanov to ascend the throne, which took place in the Ipatiev Monastery.
The Kostroma Region is located in the central part of Russia. The terrain is predominantly moraine-hilly, there are swampy plains. The Kostroma region is closely bordered by the Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Kirov, Vologda regions. There are such large and significant lakes as Galich and Chukhlomskoe. The list of minerals includes oil shale, sapropel, peat.
Kostroma is located in the southern taiga. In this area, the soil is sandy loam, sandy, sod-podzolic. Tourists are attracted by forests with spruces, which occupy almost 70% of the territory. In this area, hares, black grouses, wood grouses, owls, woodpeckers, martens, foxes, elks have survived. The climate is temperate continental. The average temperature in January is around -13-14 degrees Celsius. In July +15 degrees Celsius. During the year, there is no more than 600 mm of precipitation per year.
Before planning your trip and travel, you need to decide how to get to Kostroma. You can get there by train, bus, private car, and also fly by plane.
The most convenient and optimal way to get to the right place is by rail. On any day of the week at 23:00 a train departs from Moscow from the Yaroslavsky railway station. The duration of the trip is 6-7 hours. The average ticket price is about 1200 rubles. The fast train Moscow-Yaroslavl-Kostroma runs twice a day. Many tourists ignore this method of travel, because the route provides for connecting. At this time, visitors will be able to see several sights of Yaroslavl.
A train leaves St. Petersburg every day. The journey takes about 16 hours. The cost of a ticket for a reserved seat is 1600 rubles, for a compartment - 3200 rubles. Trains arrive in Kostroma from Kirov, Vologda.
The Kostroma region is the birthplace of the Snow Maiden and Ivan Susanin. At various times, Yuri Dolgoruky, Mikhail Romanov, Nikolai Ostrovsky lived here. This is the land of picturesque Russian nature, ancient history, myths and legends. Usually the region is visited to get acquainted with its capital - after all, Kostroma is included in the most popular tourist route in Russia "Golden Ring". But in the vicinity of Kostroma there are many interesting places.
It is interesting to travel around the region both on weekends and to spend a full-fledged vacation here. More than 2.5 thousand historical, architectural and religious monuments are located on the territory of the Kostroma region. Pilgrimage trips, cultural, educational and entertainment tours for children and adults are organized in the region. Also, the Kostroma region is famous for folk crafts and local products - high-quality cheese, linen and jewelry are produced here.
Excursion tours to Kostroma and the surrounding area usually include visits to the historical settlements of the region: Galich, Nerekhta and other cities. The area of the Kostroma region is only 60,200 sq. m. You can go around interesting for tourists settlements in 1 day. What to see in the vicinity of Kostroma is a must? The most popular cities in the Kostroma region are below.
Distance from Kostroma to Nerekhta - 40 km. The open-air city-museum of Nerekhta is included in the list of cities in the Small Golden Ring of Russia. The city was founded at the beginning of the XIII century - at that time the ancient part of Nerekhta was located on the right bank of the river of the same name. In the 15th – 16th centuries, the main specialization of the city was salt production, but after the city was burned down at the beginning of the 17th century, the industry was stopped. Most of the historical heritage of Nerekhta dates back to the 18th – 19th centuries. The architectural ensemble is an excellent example of a Russian provincial city: merchant mansions and Seating rows in the historical center, wooden huts - closer to the outskirts.
The churches of the city are of tourist interest: the Church of the Resurrection at the end of the 18th century in the Russian Rococo style; the Epiphany Church with a spectacular iconostasis, an exhibition of church objects and an observation deck on the bell tower; Church of the Presentation of Our Lady of Vladimir at the end of the 17th century with old wall paintings. As a souvenir, it is worth buying linen dolls-nerekhtchanochki as a souvenir.
The ancient city of Galich is located 120 km from Kostroma, on the shores of Lake Galich. The city was founded in 1159. For some time Galich was even the capital of an independent principality - Konstantin Yaroslavich, brother of Alexander Nevsky, ruled here. Before the Time of Troubles, Galich was an important outpost, but a punitive detachment of Poles burned down the city. Also, the historical sights of Galich suffered from the Soviet regime.
In the city, it is worth seeing the Transfiguration Cathedral, which is located on the territory of the former Galich Kremlin. Also interesting are the Transfiguration Church in the provincial baroque style built in 1771 and stone shopping arcades that have survived from the 19th century. On the outskirts of Galich, there is the main attraction of the city - the Assumption Paisiev Monastery, built in the XIV century. It is the oldest holy monastery in the region. On the shore of Lake Galich, there is a complex of the Nikolaev Starotorzhsky Monastery - now the monastery is abandoned and is not being restored.
Kostroma, the city of the Golden Ring, founded by Yuri Dolgoruky, has a rich history and provincial charm. The hometown of Ivan Susanin and the place of residence of the Snow Maiden, Kostroma is filled with fabulous and very real stories that took place in the Russian state. The architecture of the city and the Volga landscapes make Kostroma a place for pleasant unhurried walks.
The city is often chosen as a day trip destination. The road from Moscow takes from 4 hours by car to 6-7 hours by train. Other regional centers are also located nearby - Yaroslavl (from 1.5 hours), Ivanovo (from 1.5 hours), Nizhny Novgorod (from 5 hours). The way from St. Petersburg will take from 11 hours. It is quite possible to see the main sights of Kostroma in 1 day. But the walk will be eventful - get ready to walk a lot!
Kostroma is a fairly compact city, most of the sights are located in the center. On your own, in 1 day, you will have time to see the top tourist sites, the main thing is to follow the pre-prepared route. Plan your walk by the hour and you won't miss any important sightseeing.
The central square of Kostroma, located on the high bank of the Volga, was formed at the end of the 18th century. Before that, there was a craft settlement on the site of the square, the buildings of which were destroyed in a fire. The square is shaped like a fan - 9 streets diverge from it on 3 sides. According to legend, Catherine II, approving the development plan, dropped her fan, which forced the architect to change the concept of the ensemble. The northern part of the square is semicircular, and from the southern part to the Volga there is a descent resembling the handle of a fan.
Initially, the square was called Yekaterinoslavskaya, but in 1835 it was renamed Susaninskaya. In 1851, a monument to the legendary Kostroma appeared on the square. The original monument was destroyed during the Soviet era. Now on the square there is a monument made in 1967. Susanin is facing the Volga, meeting ships arriving in the city. In the northern part, the square is surrounded by important historical buildings of the city: a guardhouse and a tower, a hotel, Borshchov's house, and a side facade of Public Places. The central part of Susaninskaya Square is bordered by former trading rows: Red rows of Gostiny Dvor and Big flour rows.
The largest estate in Kostroma, Borshchov's house is one of the most notable buildings in the vicinity of Susaninskaya square. The mansion of Lieutenant General and Senator Borshchov was originally made of wood. The building acquired its modern look in the style of Russian classicism after the death of the owner, when the heirs sold the mansion to the merchant Pervushin. After the city authorities refused to purchase the mansion for premises for the Chamber of the Government, the merchant arranged the London hotel here.