Active rest on a mountain estate in the very center of the South Urals with a varied program of natural objects. We offer you to try various forms of movement in nature: on horseback and on catamarans, on foot and by bus. The route is accessible to people with different skill levels.
We will see the panorama of the Ural mountain ranges and taiga.
We will taste wild onboard honey, the national drink of Bashkir kumis.
Let's get acquainted with a unique monument of the Paleolithic era - the Shulgan-Tash cave (Kapova cave).
Let's get acquainted with the harness and carry out a horse-riding trip through the slabs and Mount Kyzylskaya in the vicinity of the village. Kaga overlooking the ridges of Sredny Krak, the Bash-Tau ridge, the boundaries of the Bashkir State Reserve.
We will take a tour of the city of Ufa (main objects: Salavat Yulaev Square, Friendship Monument, Salavat Yulaev Garden, Theater Square, Gostiny Dvor, S. Aksakov Garden, First Cathedral Mosque, ski centers , Hippodrome "Akbuzat", Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary).
We will visit the Jasper Room exhibition; Lemonarius; La-La Tulip Mosque is a unique religious building that has no analogues in the world.
10. 0 local time (difference with Moscow time + 2 hours) in Ufa, the central entrance of the Ufa Department Store (Prospekt Oktyabrya, 31).
Bus trip to the high-mountainous part of Bashkiria to the mining village of Kaga (300 km).
It's great that we are all here today! Something like this could be expressed the mood of those who came yesterday to the VDNKh site in Ufa. Yesterday there was an exhibition Tourism in Bashkiria, which was organized by the State Committee of Bashkortostan for Entrepreneurship and Tourism and the Profi portal. ravel as part of the Know Ours project. To acquaint potential partners, to tell tourists about interesting tourist destinations of our vast homeland - such a good goal was for the organizers of this workshop.
Of course, I couldn't miss such an event. Having shifted a little (geographically and semantically) towards the glorious city of Sochi, I nevertheless consider our republic a very interesting tourist cluster. Bashkiria has great potential for the development of domestic and inbound tourism. And I was very pleased to meet my colleagues in the travel business at this exhibition, who have already made a tangible contribution to this business and continue to move on their course.
I was happy to learn about new accommodation facilities and new tourist routes in our republic. Representatives from other regions of Russia were also noticed at the exhibition. In general, yesterday's event turned out to be very useful and inspiring for me.
And now - about all this in more detail.
The richness of our spaces
So, at the beginning of one of the presentations on the Republic of Bashkortostan, dry numbers were given, which, however, impressed me. I found out that on the territory of the republic are located:
An impressive list, isn't it? And so that as many tourists as possible knew about these riches of the region, representatives of the authorities and the tourism industry (to put it simply - officials and businessmen) discussed yesterday:
As I noticed, a fashionable term is now actively adopted in our republic - a tourist cluster. This is an association of organizations providing services in the field of tourism, created on a certain territory. It, a cluster, may include small and large firms that constantly interact with each other. In a broader sense, a cluster is a group consisting of several companies united by a common activity or on a territorial basis.
As far as tourism is concerned, the territorial association "works" here. This is understandable. All popular accommodation facilities and other tourist infrastructure are tied, as a rule, to some beautiful natural place: a lake, river, mountain range, etc. And all these objects are interested in the infrastructure in this place to develop: roads were built (otherwise how will tourists get to them?), new routes were laid (otherwise why go to this place every year?), new opportunities appeared at the resort (that's right, more fun for the same money!)
Tourism in Bashkiria is a seasonal phenomenon. In winter, there are much fewer people who want to walk through the forests and mountains. But the famous tourist and organizer of one-day tours, Valery Kuznetsov, believes that it is also possible to travel in the cold season. But when choosing a route, either distance or the presence of recreation centers near natural attractions comes to the fore.
Valery compiled the top 12 winter routes. They take into account transport accessibility, the availability of recreation centers and entertainment.
I think this is one of the best options for winter hiking - both affordable and spectacular. The cave is located not far from Ufa, and from the southern bush - Sterlitamak, Salavat. That is, you can get by with a one-day trip. At the same time, get a good impression of the contemplation of the ice kingdom with giant ancient icicles.
Winter is the optimal time for Askinskaya. In summer it is already hot, and because of the flow of tourists who bring in the heat, the ice inside is melting more intensively. This is harmful not only for the cave itself, but also unsafe for tourists. Sucks can break off from above, underfoot due to melting ice it is wet and slippery. And in winter, even half of China's backwaters inside - nothing will happen to her. Icicles begin to grow and reach their maximum at the end of March.
This year the Russian Geographical Society took the cave under its protection. Now the visit is paid. The entrance fee is 100 rubles, the guide is another 100 rubles. Everything is equipped in the cave - there are bridges, lighting.
Along with the cave, you can see the Abzanovsky waterfall, located nearby. In summer, there is nothing to do near it - small streams inconspicuously flow down on the moss, and in winter they freeze, turning into an impressive fringe resembling a beard.
Cave - Arkhangelsk region, village Askino. Waterfall - Arkhangelsk region, Abzanovo village.
At the time of my youth, people went to Aygir only in summer, and now this place has become a cult place. Tourists are drawn to it all year round. The fact that a tourist center appeared there made this place even more attractive. This is a good example when a landmark and the existing infrastructure work for each other. Since there is a base, it attracts more people. More people - more information about the object itself, word of mouth turns on.
The anchor attraction is, of course, the Aigir Rocks, which are also called the Shurale's Teeth, the Eagle's Nest. The ascent to them, though steep, but short, is within the power of many tourists. From the height, stunning views of the surroundings, the Small and Big Yamantau mountains open up. You can go to the Borisov stoves - the owners of the camp site support the path in winter. The ascent to the rocks is always trodden. It is good to walk on the ice of the Maly Inzer River. In the summer they are rafted along it, and in the winter the rapids freeze freakishly. You can walk along the river to the Blue Rocks.
Among the large number of types of tourism, many travelers prefer ecological tourism. This type of tourism is distinguished by the fact that you can visit wild places in which almost no man has set foot, and which are practically not spoiled by civilization. In these places you can, depending on the purpose of your trip, observe or explore the ecologically clean territories that have presented to your eyes and get an incomparable experience of the beauty of the wild nature. All types of tourism that can be summarized as an ecological direction can be defined as two types of tourism. This is ecotourism in places that can be called reserved and protected by the state; ecotourism in places not related to protected areas. This type of tourism in Russia is in great demand among nature lovers around the world. Our country has a huge variety of natural phenomena in all its corners, which did not go unnoticed by tourists both from Russia and from other countries. But many people prefer to go on ecological travels in Europe, which is also distinguished by a large number of protected areas and simply incredibly beautiful wild places. In order to go on such a journey, many people prefer to independently explore nature, without resorting to the help of guides and using their own transport. Others turn to companies that provide services for organizing bus routes in Europe. To do this, you need to decide on the choice of such a company and request information on the proposed eco-tour programs, and get a calculation of the route in Europe. If you are going on such a trip for the first time, then eco-tours in Europe will make an incredible impression on you. Having once discovered all the delights of ecological tourism, you will always prefer it to other types of tourism and will not regret the time spent! Ecotourism in Russia and France Some areas of the central part of Russia are of great interest for ecological tourists. There are a huge number of nature reserves, reservoirs with their inhabitants and other magnificent sources for learning about wildlife. Among the places where ecotourists prefer to go in this part of the country are the following objects: the one-of-a-kind State Central Forest Reserve, located in the western side of the Tver region; Lake Seliger, in which at least thirty thousand species of fish have been found; and the National Meshchersky Park, located in the Vladimir region, will offer you such geographical areas as taiga, steppe, deciduous forests and forest-steppe. The western part of Russia can also offer ecotourists the most beautiful nature reserve - the National Park on the Curonian Spit. This place separates the Baltic Sea from the Kursk Bay, and its sandy hills in places are up to sixty meters high. Of course, the whole of Russia is replete with all kinds of biosphere reserves, in which a huge number of species of rare plants are protected, as well as many endangered species of fauna are bred and preserved. However, in addition to the unique beauties of our vast homeland, a large number of ecologically clean and beautiful places can be found in France. For example, quite recently, Europe has chosen the beautiful city of Nantes, located in the western part of France, as one of its green capitals. There are many routes in France that involve observing and exploring the country's ecological attractions. One of these attractions in the near future will be the main symbol of Paris and the country - the Eiffel Tower, the surface of the structure of which is planned to be covered with completely green vegetation. Thus, the tower will be the most beautiful ecological site in the country, and every tourist route in France will simply have to offer ecotourists a visit to this site. Ecological tourism. Where to get education in this area? Italy is not the last among the countries with many ecological objects. And if you decide to visit this country, then make sure that the ecological route in Italy must include a visit to such an attraction as the Valle del Treya Regional Natural Park, spread out in the wonderful valley of the Treya River, among volcanoes and a large number of small and large bodies of water. Also be sure to visit the Nadzano Tevere Farfa Nature Reserve, located on both sides of the mighty Tiber River and the Monte Soratte Regional Natural Park, located on the slopes of Monte Soratte. Tourist routes in Italy certainly provide for visits to these places for ecotourism lovers. Where is the training of specialists in the field of ecological tourism carried out? There are very few such educational institutions in Russia. One of them is the Faculty of Ecological Tourism of the Russian Academy of Tourism. You can also get such a specialty as a manager of ecological tourism or an economist of ecological tourism in the department of management and service of international ecological tourism at the International Independent Ecological and Political University. Specialists who have received this education will be able to work in reserves, nature conservation areas, educational institutions, national parks and, of course, travel companies. In Russia, there are state-owned enterprises such as the Ecological Travel Center of the Ecotourism Development Fund "Dersu Uzala". Mainly, these enterprises practice in the field of tour operators, however, in favor of reserves, they reduce their profits to a minimum, so that they get more money for their development and help local residents caring for reserves. Europe is the center of tourism for Russians Europe, every year gains more and more success among Russian tourists. Despite the high cost of tours to European countries, Russians do not deny themselves the pleasure of observing the sights of Europe and seeing with their own eyes how and where Europeans live. Excursions that include the services of a guide also involve a lot of money, but those who prefer to save money can visit some of the sights of European countries on their own, as well as just walk the streets, get acquainted with the architecture or, perhaps, have a small picnic on the lawn of the green park. However, if you decide to go, for example, to the Vatican to see the world famous St. Peter's Basilica, you should still provide for a small cost for a guide in order to hear an interesting story about this beautiful place and architectural monument. St. Peter's Basilica is the greatest Catholic Roman church, located on a vast territory, capable of accommodating about sixty thousand people in one row. Also, do not save on a guide if the purpose of your trip is to visit the Roman Pantheon. This building is a miracle of architecture, was built in the name of all the gods of ancient Rome. Today the Pantheon is a reconstruction of a building that dates back to the seventh century. From that time to the present day, this place has served as the Roman Catholic Church and on great holidays, Masses are held there. The main feature of the Pantheon is the open square in the center of the temple. This place is called the Great Eye, in ancient times, when a fire was lit in the center of the temple, the smoke came out through this opening, which is why it was nicknamed that way. And at the moment, in the Pantheon, the Great Eye is the only place from where daylight enters the building. A source
On June 16, 2020, the first All-Russian competition for the creation of tourist and recreational clusters and the development of ecotourism in Russia was launched. The competition became part of a comprehensive work on the development of ecotourism carried out by the Agency for Strategic Initiatives to solve the large-scale tasks of the national project "Ecology" and the Strategy for the Development of Tourism in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2035