Chapter Methods of organizing and holding mass tourist events
The main links in the system of organizing and conducting mass tourist work are tourist sections (tourist clubs) of physical culture collectives of enterprises, organizations, institutions, collective and state farms, higher and secondary specialized educational institutions, GPTU, secondary schools, Palaces and the Houses of Pioneers, specialized tourist children's institutions (stations for young tourists). A significant contribution to the organization of mass tourist trips is also made by tourist bases of trade unions and departments, sports and recreation and pioneer camps.
The main tasks of the tourist section (tourist club) of the physical education collective are the education of tourists in the spirit of the moral principles of the builder of communism; involvement of workers and students in tourism and other physical culture and sports activities for the purpose of their spiritual and physical development, health promotion, organization of active recreation.
The most important aspect of the activities of the tourism section is organizational and propaganda work for the wide development and improvement of mass amateur tourism, the fullest use of its opportunities in order to improve the ideological, political, labor and moral education of the younger generation, health promotion and rational use of the free time of workers, all-round harmonious development of the individual, the formation of an active life position and a healthy lifestyle.
The main directions and sections of the section's work can be summarized as follows:
Organization of mass tourist events: tourist gatherings of the collective, competitions in types of tourism and in military-applied skills, weekend trips, including credit trips in the TRP complex, trips to the USSR Tourist badge, stellar propaganda trips in the places of revolutionary, military and labor glory of the Communist Party and the Soviet people. Tourist sections of physical education collectives are designed to develop such trips that would combine educational, upbringing, health-improving and sports tasks.
Extensive propaganda and propaganda work aimed at involving workers and their families, student youth in weekend hikes and multi-day trips and trips to their native land.
Heroic-patriotic education of youth is effectively carried out with the active participation of tourist sections of physical culture collectives together with Komsomol organizations in holding events of the All-Union campaign and the All-Union tourist expedition of Soviet youth "My Motherland - USSR", in providing effective practical assistance to the headquarters hike in the development of tourist routes, in strengthening their applied nature. The forms of participation of tourist sections of physical culture collectives in the All-Union campaign are diverse. These include weekend hikes, multi-day hikes on the "Tourist of the USSR" badge, and star hikes, and sports-mass hiking trips of the 1st category of complexity around the native land.
The socially useful work of tourists from physical education groups is carried out in a wide variety of areas: in nature conservation measures and forest planting, in equipping weekend tourist routes, in lectures and concerts on hiking routes, in organizing mass tourist work at the place of residence of the population ...
The educational and qualification work of the section is carried out with the aim of preparing and improving the qualifications of the tourist public asset, in the organization of the initial tourist training of stages "A" and "B", in the preparation and direction of the activists of the tourist work of their team to continue their studies in system of secondary tourist and instructor training.
MUNICIPAL EDUCATIONAL BUDGETARY INSTITUTION
"SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SCHOOL # 1"
scenario development of mass events and didactic materials on tourism and local history work
Section 1. Mass Events
1. Distance travel to the native land "Restless people go on a hike" …………………………………………………………….
2. Quiz on tourism and local history "The world around us" ..................... 12
3. The game "Resourceful traveler" ……………………………………. 13
4. Travel game "Tourist trails" ……………………………… 18
5. Holiday "Merry tourists" …………………………………………… 26
6. Tourist game "How to behave in a hike" ……………………………… 27
11. Game "Pirates of the Caribbean" ………………………………………. 8
12. gra-quiz "To the heights of tourism skills" ………………. 9
Nesterov A. Animation in tourism//Encyclopedia of the Nesterovs
In the field of tourism, animation service specialists develop animation programs for tourist routes, which are not only a means of getting rid of fatigue, but also a means of neutralizing the negative aspects of everyday life.
Animation in tourism includes the following areas:
Animation in tourism is based on the identification, satisfaction and development of socio-cultural interests of different groups of the population. This includes the development of targeted animation programs and social technologies for their implementation. At the same time, innovative movements in the field of tourism are actively developing, economic mechanisms of animation are involved, effective pedagogical methods for the development of cultural and aesthetic creativity in tourism are being introduced.
Animation is very diverse and varies in terms of conditions that determine the timing of animation programs. The classification of animation in tourism is given in the table.
- small groups and individual
By the level of preliminary organization of the participants
- individually organized (vacationers of boarding houses)
- collectively organized (family, class, student group)
- massively organized (school, enterprise, etc.)
Event tourism dates back to gladiatorial battles and knightly tournaments, which were attended by thousands of medieval "tourists". Event tourism, which is very popular nowadays, offers many interesting reasons for traveling around the world. Attending a large-scale historical or sports event, at the same time traveling around the country in which it is held, is more interesting than wallowing for days on the beach or making up a program of tourist routes on your own.
Event tourism can be divided into 4 basic types - ethnographic, cultural, sports and business.
Events such as:
One of the most festive countries is Italy. In February, Venice hosts the annual costume carnival, which gathers more than half a million travelers from all over the world. Dressed up in the 18th century, the city celebrates ten days - with masquerades, parades, shows, ceremonies. Actions change one after another, and at the end a symbolic effigy is burned. A kind of Shrovetide festivities that are common throughout Europe, including their own unique traditions, for example, in France, with flower battles, or in Spain - egg battles, and in Germany - a witch's carnival.
Attending such an event is not only fun, but also very useful, because traveling around the country is more interesting if you can personally observe the traditions of the people of this country.
Sports is one of the most important segments of event tourism. Particularly attractive are the qualifying rounds and the Formula - 1 competition itself; grand prix draws are held quite often - up to 19 times a year. Tour participants make almost round-the-world travels on designated routes. The most ambitious visits are attracted by the World Cup and the Olympic Games. The impressive air races that have recently appeared (since 2003), an analogue of Formula 1 - Red Bull Air Race, have become firmly established in the list of the most interesting events in event tourism.
In Russia, event tourism is developing relatively recently and is mainly focused on the domestic market. Lush carnivals and high service are still ahead, but the country has a real residence of Santa Claus, where adults and children come every year. Film festivals in southern cities - "Kinotavr", children's film festivals, the theater festival "Golden Mask" are notable for their scale, brightness and are worthy of a special visit and see the presented festival works.
A good vacation is the desire of most tourists. The rhythm of life today is so difficult and tiring that sometimes it is even difficult to find time for rest. Therefore, most of the people who cannot devote enough time to spend their leisure time do so during the vacation period. Tourists who have already traveled all over the world can hardly be surprised with an ordinary beach vacation or simple sightseeing trips. Therefore, many people give preference to a vacation planned for a specific event, which provides an opportunity to make the vacation bright and unusual. Event tourism: what it is and how to plan it correctly, what are its advantages and which events are very popular - these are the issues that interest tourists to a greater extent.
Event tourism began its development more than 45 years ago - in the last century there was a designation that defines a special direction for spending holidays. In fact, event-based recreation began its existence long before that, when knightly fights, gladiatorial competitions, national events with mass celebrations were organized - all this refers to event-related recreation. Moreover, even a public execution is considered event tourism, since in ancient times such a spectacle gathered masses of people.
Gradually over the years, with the development of technological progress, the concept of event recreation has changed significantly. Tourists traveled to other countries and cities to attend holidays and national events, relax and unwind in a relaxed atmosphere. In Russia, event tourism also began its existence in ancient times - since ancient times, mass festivities, ethnic events were organized here, a little later they began to hold demonstrations on May 1. In Russia, tourism was no longer considered a spectacular vacation, but was of a political or religious direction. The purpose of such events was to unite the people, to raise the national spirit.
Today, event tourism also remains at the peak of its popularity. Its main directions are availability and richness. Tourists with great pleasure travel to Spain, Mexico, Brazil, Italy, in a word, to those countries where carnivals, masquerades and popular festivities take place.
The main goal of tourism is to organize a rich and memorable vacation. When it is not always possible to get to festive events in your country, you can do it almost everywhere abroad.
The specificity is to provide people with the opportunity to visit various exciting events that will lure guests, perhaps some of the events will be informative. Travel agencies offer several options for event tours:
Competitive and musical programs will surprise visitors with an exciting atmosphere and a festive atmosphere, live vocal performances. At such events, guests can enjoy their favorite music in an unusual performance, get acquainted with their like-minded people;
gastronomic events offer their guests to taste all kinds of national dishes and treats, get to know better the local cuisine and its traditions. Very often, eating treats brings a lot of pleasure, in contrast to the taste of foods. By attending such events, tourists will be able to discover the flip side of traditional food. In addition, traditional master classes are held, where you can learn a lot of new and useful things in culinary skills;
national festivities and holidays will be an excellent occasion to get to know the country you are visiting. Thanks to the national culture, it is much easier to understand the traditional values and mentality of the peoples. Such events provide an opportunity to get acquainted with national rituals, myths and legends. From such events, tourists very often bring home various souvenirs and handicrafts as a keepsake;
A tourist backpack can rightfully be called a good friend of every traveler. It is he who accompanies his owner on all trips and is responsible for the safety of his luggage. The quality and spaciousness, and most importantly, the convenience of the backpack you choose depends not only on the number of things that you can take with you on a hike, but also on your mood, which will not be spoiled by a broken carabiner or a torn strap. A loaded backpack should not create a feeling of discomfort, crush, rub, slide or interfere with walking. Therefore, puzzled by the question of how to choose a tourist backpack, it is very important to first familiarize yourself with the information about the varieties and characteristics of modern tourist satellites, and only then go to the store to buy. Types of travel backpacks Depending on the design, backpacks are 1. Soft Soft travel backpack They do not have a frame and are more like the progenitor of a knapsack backpack. The advantage of the soft model is that it has a low weight and low cost. Plus, an empty backpack can be easily rolled up and stowed away until it's useful again. In order for a soft backpack to be conveniently positioned behind the back, it must be properly stowed, which requires a certain skill. For this reason, this model is not very popular these days. 2. Easel Easel travel backpack These backpacks consist of two parts of a metal or plastic machine frame and a soft backpack that is attached to it. With their help, you can carry large luggage by weight, since the frame helps to distribute the weight of the luggage and reduce the load on the spine. In addition to the backpack itself, it is possible to fix other weights on the machine. A modern easel backpack can be equipped with removable wheels, which allows you to make a trolley out of it, if necessary. A convenient solution for a backpack chair. The minus of the model with a frame is dimensions and a lot of weight. 3. Skeleton anatomical Skeleton anatomical travel backpack Such a backpack is mostly presented in specialized stores and on websites. It can be called a close relative of the easel, only the frame in such a model is not outside, but is sewn into the backpack itself and plays the role of a solid base of the frame. Therefore, no matter how you put things, it will not change its shape. The anatomical backpack is suitable for hikes of any length and complexity, it is durable and very comfortable. That is why it is best to opt for such a model. Type of backpack Pros Cons Application Soft Inexpensive, lightweight, takes up little space when folded. Models of small volume and various designs are good as city backpacks Easel Durable, copes well with very heavy loads, distributes weight and reduces the load on the spine Dimension, large weight Long hiking trips in which it is necessary to take heavy loads warm clothes, tents, equipment Frame frame allows you to keep in shape and distribute the load correctly, comfortable, durable The price of a high-quality anatomical backpack is quite high on average from 4 thousand rubles and more Hiking of any range and complexity There is also a division of backpacks by gender into women and men. The main difference between them is the smaller volume of the women's compared to the men's backpack and the shape of the straps. In the female model, they do not put pressure on the chest. Some manufacturers offer the fair sex entire collections of bright and stylish models. However, when choosing such a fashionable travel backpack, it is important to remember that color is the last criterion in terms of importance. We take a closer look at the design of the backpack and its components. 1. Number of compartments, additional pockets and pendants. The main compartment of some tourist backpacks has another zipper on the bottom, which allows you to quickly remove those things that were packed in the first place. There are supporters and opponents of such models. The latter believe that such a design is a certain risk for a tourist, because the lightning can break at the most inopportune moment. If you nevertheless opted for such a backpack, pay special attention to the quality of the fastener in its lower part. Small additional pockets are convenient, you can put those little things that are constantly lost in the main compartment of a match, spare batteries for a camera, a flashlight, a bottle of water, etc. in them. The best option is pockets, which, when empty, fit tightly to the base of the backpack, if they are not needed, then they do not interfere and do not cling to anything. Zip-on pockets are often oversized and help to significantly increase the volume of a backpack. If not needed, they can be carefully removed and hidden until the right moment. In addition to pockets, it is equally important to have a small compartment with a zipper inside the backpack, a secret compartment for documents and money, and a small pocket for your phone. Often the straps and the belt are equipped with small pockets for the necessary little things. In them you can put the same mobile, walkie-talkie, navigator, trifle necessary for travel, and so on. 2. Flap This is a kind of cover made of fabric that closes the upper entrance of the backpack. Can be sewn to the base or removable. The latter is much more convenient, since it can be raised higher or even removed and used as a bag. The flap often has an additional zip pocket. Pay attention to the locks with which it opens, ideally, these should be fastexes, and not laces or buckles, which sometimes you need to tinker with. A backpack with a volume of up to 40 liters may not have a valve. 3. Slings An important part of any backpack is slings. This is a dense standard made of nylon tape of different width, average within 25 mm, the maximum width up to 50 mm varies depending on the purpose. Lanyards are the main part of all, without exception, straps and bindings, side ties and a belt. They should be firm and moderately tough. If the latter quality is expressed to an excellent degree, the sling will become difficult to tighten. Too soft tape, on the other hand, will fray and will not hold the volume of the backpack or the weight of the object attached to it. When choosing a backpack, pay special attention to the end of the sling; it should be cut obliquely to make it easier to insert the buckle, sewn in several layers so that the fastex fastener does not come off. It is convenient to end in a loop to work in conditions of severe frost and icy wind. It is important to check whether the side or bottom mounts fit a rug, a tent, or something else, but no less voluminous. The check should be done when the backpack is full. This will tell you if you have saved on lines for this backpack or not. 4. Shoulder straps and belt Comfortable shoulder straps will not pinch your shoulders and slip off, so they should be equipped with an adjustment system that allows you to adjust them to your height. For added comfort, opt for tapered crescent or S-shaped straps. So that they do not pinch in the shoulders, do not cut into the skin, the straps should not be too narrow at least 60 mm. It is more comfortable to carry a backpack, the straps of which have movable polyurethane cushions. The belt allows some of the weight to be transferred to the hips. It should be soft on the inside well, if a mesh is sewn on the side of the body for better air exchange and dense, hard enough on the outside. The belt needs a self-release buckle in any extreme situation, you can easily take off your backpack in a matter of seconds. 5. Accessories This includes all small, but no less important parts of the backpack zippers, carabiners, buckles, fasteners, eyelets, clips, and more. The fittings can be metal or plastic. The first option is durable, but it is heavy. High-quality zippers, locks and plastic buckles also easily withstand the load imposed on them, and weigh less. When choosing a backpack, imagine that you will have to unbutton it in severe frost or in a cold wind. Based on this, get a model with comfortable fasteners, it is good if strips of thick fabric are sewn to the zipper tongues; the manufacturer's logo is often written on them. The zipper itself should unfasten easily and smoothly, not jam or cling to the fabric. Buckles on tourist backpacks are of two types, fastex and self-reset. The first one is easy to fasten, while the second is unbuttoned. It's good if the buckles are standard, so it's easier to replace them in case of breakage. Popular manufacturers of quality accessories for YKK and Nexus backpacks. Bigger is not better in shape and size A travel backpack is often quite narrow and tall. This form is determined by convenience so as not to cling to passers-by, walls, branches, etc. and by the law of physics, the center of gravity above the backpack is easier to carry. The capacity of a travel backpack is measured in liters. Get a model that can fit all the things that you plan to take with you. Also, the volume depends on the duration of the trip. For a couple of days, a 40-liter backpack will be enough for you. On longer trips, choose a model up to 100 liters, women about 60-75 liters. What modern tourist backpacks are made of. The most popular fabrics for making tourist backpacks are synthetic. Cheap backpacks are made from thin polyester and nylon, which are not particularly durable. Avizent and Oxford fabrics are of the mid-range price range, they are characterized by light weight and sufficient strength, although not very water resistant. But if you do not disappear on hikes all 365 days a year, and periodically go out into nature, choosing good weather for your excursions, then a backpack from an avisent or Oxford can become an excellent companion for you. An expensive option for a tourist backpack made of Cordura. This is a nylon fiber fabric with a water repellent impregnation and a polyurethane coating, this coating is marked as PU. It is very durable, moisture resistant, abrasion resistant. The only drawback of Cordura is that it is heavier than other fabrics. When choosing a travel backpack, carefully examine the quality of the seams. They should not be beaten with a needle; small holes are visible along the seam line, otherwise the fabric will quickly begin to crawl and split. All zippers, slings, belts must be sewn onto reinforcements. The main sign of a high-quality coating is its uniformity, there can be no streaks, spots, stripes or clots on it. Useful Add-ons The features listed below are optional, but they will make your life a lot easier in a variety of hiking situations. A faithful companion of any tourist can have the following additions a memo with help signals a quick-detachable pocket for documents, keys, money, organizer rain cover which is especially important if the fabric of the backpack does not repel water very well reinforced waterproof bottom one of the signs of a high-quality backpack waterproof strips with zippers reflectors drinking compatibility