Cognitive and educational tourism; The most interesting

Cultural tourism

If a person wants to get to know the country as best as possible, imbued with its spirit, customs, better understand the inhabitants, he needs to familiarize himself with the peculiarities of its historical and cultural life. All this gives him cognitive educational tourism. This area of ​​recreation has its own characteristics. It, of course, will not allow a person to lie on the beach for hours or watch one major city after another in 7 days - 7 countries. Longer, more detailed and in-depth study is needed. Better if it is organized by professionals.

In order for you to understand what exactly to expect from such professionals, let's get acquainted with the main features of this particular type of travel.

Educational tourism

This direction is also called excursion. Cognitive tourism is one of the most exciting types of travel, the purpose of which is to acquaint a person with the peculiarities of the country's architecture, its history and nature, traditional and modern way of life.

Partly traditional crafts and their characteristic products. It can also provide for the study of the development and current state of technology, science, industry. Covers almost all categories of human life.

To one degree or another, elements of educational tourism are present in all types of travel. However, they are not always emphasized.

Programs aimed specifically at such tourism in the first place may include:

  • Acquaintance with monuments of architecture and culture. Often these are visits to local historical museums, churches, inspection of the ruins. Historical routes can also be included in this category;
  • Attendance of special thematic lectures, seminars, round tables, trainings, as well as short training courses;
  • Acquaintance with culture: a trip to the opera, theaters, festivals, performances by artists, visiting exhibitions of contemporary art, participating in various public festivities;
  • Acquaintance with folklore and ethnography: studying national cuisine, participating in traditional folk festivals and rituals, visiting exhibitions of folk crafts, etc.

Among the educational direction in general, there are such subspecies as pilgrimage and ethnic. Such tourism can be organized either by special agencies (in this case, it is usually enough for a traveler to simply choose a suitable program for himself), or by those who leave without anyone's help.

In this case, the program is drawn up independently, often in addition it is necessary to book tickets and hotels in advance, in order to be guaranteed to get to interesting exhibitions, festivals, performances.

Cognitive and educational tourism; The most interesting

Cultural and educational tourism is a journey during which a person gets acquainted with the cultural values ​​of a country or people.

What is cultural and educational tourism?

This phenomenon arose as a result of a person's desire to expand his horizons. The main goal of cultural tourism is to study the cultural heritage of a particular country, as well as to meet a person's need for comprehending something new.

Just imagine, you can personally form your own opinion about how other countries and peoples live. Plunge into their culture, get acquainted with the history, appreciate the peculiarities of life.

Acquaintance with a new culture naturally not only broadens one's horizons, but also opens up completely different horizons for the perception of the world as a whole.

Types of cultural and educational tourism

Among the main directions of cultural and educational tourism are the following:

  • 1. Heritage Tourism
  • 2. Art tourism
  • 3. Experience tourism
  • 4. Creative tourism
  • 5. Eco-cultural tourism

Heritage Tourism

Heritage Tourism is the most popular type of cultural tourism around the world among history buffs. One of the most popular forms of which are sightseeing tours. The task of this type of tourism is to realize interest in historical monuments.

Cognitive and educational tourism in Poland are worthy of special attention, since they have a huge number of advantages, in our material

Excursion and educational tourism is one of the most popular and ancient types of recreation. The history of its development goes back several hundred years.

The professional excursion business has been actively developing throughout the 20th century. This is a multifaceted recreational sector, which includes not only acquaintance with the heritage of history and culture, but also entertainment, hotel and restaurant services.

Tour duration

One-day tours are the simplest, from the point of view of organization, option for sightseeing trips. It is convenient in that it allows you to visit all the sights during the day, which means that the problem of accommodation for the night disappears by itself. This factor significantly reduces the cost, which cannot but attract tourists. Day trips are very popular with vacationers at seaside resorts. A short trip allows you to brighten up the monotonous leisure at the hotel and expand your own horizons.

The so-called "weekend trips" are no less in demand. They are calculated for up to 2-3 days and involve visiting several interesting places in the region at once. The main advantage of such trips is their short duration and the ability to quickly get ready for the trip. Potential travelers only need to familiarize themselves with the program, take the essentials and hit the road. There are several stops along the route with the possibility of overnight stay and meals.

The multi-day tour provides for a trip longer than 3 days. They are usually sold in seasonal packages and are timed to coincide with the vacation time of potential clients. Operators try to include the most popular and interesting programs in this type of excursion and educational tourism. The optimal duration of multi-day bus excursions is 7-15 days, stationary rest with visits to various attractions is about 2-3 weeks.

Geography of excursions

According to the distance of travel, the following types of excursion tourism are distinguished:

  • suburban ;
  • local ;
  • long distance ;
  • international.

Suburban travel is limited by time (1-2 days) and distance - up to 100-150 km, includes trips to nature or a picnic, sightseeing located near the city.

Culture is designed to unite people and, at the same time, it acts as a means of their differentiation. The richness of its shades is limitless and represents a collection of material and spiritual objects that are unique to each country. Whereas cultural tourism is a means of their knowledge. Today, this type of recreation covers a quarter of the total tourist flow.

Significance of cultural heritage

The cultural identity of a people always arouses great interest and a desire to get to know its features better, which is the basis of travel motivation. In the process of learning the diverse forms of national self-expression, a person's outlook expands, his spiritual world is enriched, an understanding of the value of cultural heritage comes, and a sense of respect for other ethnic groups is formed. This is the humanitarian significance of cultural tourism. Organization of cultural leisure of tourists includes several aspects:

  • acquaintance with architectural monuments, historical sights, religious buildings;
  • visiting national museums, exhibitions;
  • participation in folk holidays, festivals ;
  • interest in ancient monuments, archaeological sites;
  • acquaintance with local cultural traditions, handicrafts;
  • visits to unique beauty and unusual corners of nature.

Requirements for tourism facilities

Cultural tourism objects should be exceptional in terms of their significance for human civilization and the degree of aesthetic impact. They are divided into three groups:

  • monuments created by human hands are mainly architectural structures;
  • natural attractions - waterfalls, caves, mountains and lakes;
  • mixed objects - landscaped gardens and parks.

The most significant cultural sites are included in the World Heritage List and are protected by UNESCO. In 2012, there were only 962 of them. The top three countries in terms of the number of cultural objects included Italy, Spain and China.

Italy

Cultural tourism in Italy is a fascinating journey into the ancient world. It is not for nothing that Italian cities are called open-air museums. Ancient ensembles of Rome are known all over the world:

The Vatican Museums display exhibitions of paintings by Titian, Caravaggio and other brilliant artists. In the picturesque surroundings of the Alps, there is the center of cultural tourism in Northern Italy - Verona. The historical part of the city is decorated with magnificent medieval palaces made of pale pink limestone, which is mined in its vicinity.

In addition to the famous opera house, Milan attracts with numerous museums with priceless canvases of great painters, antique frescoes and sculptures. The palaces and cathedrals of Florence amaze with their grandeur and beauty. The canals and bridges of Venice with palaces growing out of the water are known all over the world. Excursions to the outskirts of Naples, where ancient cities have been discovered under a layer of solidified lava, are popular.

Spain

Excursion and educational tourism is one of the most popular and ancient types of recreation. The history of its development goes back several hundred years.

The professional excursion business has been actively developing throughout the 20th century. This is a multifaceted recreational sector, which includes not only acquaintance with the heritage of history and culture, but also entertainment, hotel and restaurant services.

Tour duration

One-day tours are the simplest, from the point of view of organization, option for sightseeing trips. It is convenient in that it allows you to visit all the sights during the day, which means that the problem of accommodation for the night disappears by itself. This factor significantly reduces the cost, which cannot but attract tourists. Day trips are very popular with vacationers at seaside resorts. A short trip allows you to brighten up the monotonous leisure at the hotel and expand your own horizons.

The so-called "weekend trips" are no less in demand. They are calculated for up to 2-3 days and involve visiting several interesting places in the region at once. The main advantage of such trips is their short duration and the ability to quickly get ready for the trip. Potential travelers only need to familiarize themselves with the program, take the essentials and hit the road. There are several stops along the route with the possibility of overnight stay and meals.

The multi-day tour provides for a trip longer than 3 days. They are usually sold in seasonal packages and are timed to coincide with the vacation time of potential clients. Operators try to include the most popular and interesting programs in this type of excursion and educational tourism. The optimal duration of multi-day bus excursions is 7-15 days, stationary rest with visits to various attractions is about 2-3 weeks.

Geography of excursions

According to the distance of travel, the following types of excursion tourism are distinguished:

  • suburban ;
  • local ;
  • long distance ;
  • international.

Suburban travel is limited by time (1-2 days) and distance - up to 100-150 km, includes trips to nature or a picnic, sightseeing located near the city.

Local excursions involve trips within a radius of 200-300 km. They are interesting for their short duration - no more than 1-2 days and the ability to expand the travel area.

Long-distance tourism provides for the movement of vacationers over fairly long distances by land, air and sea transport. This type of tours refers to multi-day travel. Therefore, travel companies focus their products on vacationers, preparing the most advantageous offers for the seasons.

International excursion and educational tourism is associated not only with the organization of a long and expensive tour, but also with ensuring the delivery of tourists to the place of rest, accommodation in a hotel, and obtaining visas.

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