Group tours are far from the only service that the modern industry can provide to the traveler. Today, he has many alternatives in the form of independent or individual tourism, allowing you not to be tied to either popular routes, or to certain modes of transport, or to fixed departure dates for a wide range of clients.
What you need to know about the features of such a vacation and options for organizing it in different countries, we will analyze in detail.
It is customary to call independent tourism, which provides for the complete or partial refusal of the services of tour operators. However, in most cases, tourists, especially beginners, do not refuse completely from the help of specialists.
Most often, this type of tourism is used by travelers who want to visit thematic festivals, concerts of their favorite bands, as well as other events for which group tours are not organized.
Such tourism can be organized in different ways. In particular, it includes:
The advantages of just this type of tourism include the ability to shape a trip to fit your own budget, preferences, and schedule. That is why today it is developing so quickly and productively in various countries.
Amateur tourism is a kind of independent tourism, which involves the use of personal transport to move along the routes. It can be either a personal or a rented vehicle. Most often it is a car, although it can be a yacht, an airplane, or any other kind.
The assistance of travel agencies in this particular type of tourism consists in booking hotels, additional services, including obtaining a visa, drawing up a route (especially if a person is going on such a trip for the first time), sometimes even booking the transport itself facilities.
Also, the travel company can negotiate the services of local guides for their wards. However, in general, amateur tourism shifts to this type of organization only the most difficult issues of departure, taking maximum responsibility for organizing the trip.
Amateur tourism (it is also independent, unorganized, "wild") - a range of actions to move in space, making which, the subject completely or partially refuses the services of tour operators.
In most cases, in international amateur tourism, there is no total rejection of the services of the tourism industry: the subject, independently forming the route, purchasing transport tickets and booking accommodation facilities (or finding them on the spot), arriving at the final point, applies to the native representatives of travel agencies to arrange excursions. In the event that a tourist gets to an object representing an attraction on his own (using public transport or the hitchhiking method), he/she buys an entrance ticket, which, in the end, is also a payment for tourist services to an intermediary.
Tourism in its modern sense emerged at the end of the 19th century, in the era of the rapid development of new technologies and social relations, for which it received the title of the phenomenon of the 20th century .
The term "travel", which appeared earlier, has a long history and was not initially associated with tourism in any way. The first travelers were seafarers and pilgrims (from lat. peregrinus "wanderer"), their goals were scientific or cognitive in nature and were not associated with obtaining material benefits by the intermediary or his own pleasure (entertainment, recreation), since there was no "client - service provider" scheme; tourism, in its current form, is a commercial concept where the people who specialize in customer service have a guaranteed profit, whether it be a private guide from a tiny village or an international corporation.
Currently, the concept of "travel" has lost its original meaning: any long (or not so) trip, including a tourist trip, can be called such.
Amateur tourism can be internal or external (international). Domestic tourism, in the amateur part of it, operates on an amateur basis without the purchase of vouchers, which was widely developed in the USSR, where the share of "wild" tourism accounted for 80% of the flow . With the fall of the Iron Curtain, the situation has changed - international outbound tourism successfully competes with domestic. Periodically, the Russian Federation concludes new agreements with foreign states on bilateral or unilateral visa waiver in favor of its citizens .
Both domestic and foreign (international) tourism can be active (including sports), or passive (for example, a static stay on the beach).
All these methods (except for hitchhiking and auto-tourism) can be combined, that is, the use of one method does not exclude the use of the other.