Alpine skiing is a discipline based on descent from a mountain slope along an equipped route on specially designed skis. This sport is very popular: competitions of various levels are held annually, and ski resorts are the most visited.
The Norwegians laid the foundation for the development of alpine skiing. In the 18th century. they organized the first downhill competition. Soon a club was opened in Norway, and then a school where skiers were trained. It was in this country that the main skiing traditions were laid. And in 1905 an official tournament took place, after which the discipline spread throughout all the states of the Alps. In 1924 the discipline was recognized by the International Ski Federation, and in 1936 it was included in the World Games.
Alpine skiing has evolved since its inception to the present day. Various disciplines were distinguished in it, differing in the requirements for the technique and the equipment used. Skis for each subspecies also have certain characteristics. As a rule, skiers compete in one, maximum two programs.
Overcoming the speed of a mountain slope equipped with a gate. The skier must pass these gates in a certain sequence using a special slalom technique. These two requirements are evaluated first. Slalom has subspecies - giant and supergiant. Their differences are in the length of the traversed route.
Similar to slamom - the course is also equipped with a gate, but the speed of descent is assessed first of all. Athletes in downhill rush from the slope at a speed of more than 100 km/h, and if there are natural springboards on the way, they perform spectacular jumps.
A very interesting discipline, the essence of which is to overcome a distance consisting entirely of bumps and irregularities. Moreover, this must be done as quickly as possible. As in downhill, athletes bounce on bumps, but the jumps are even more picturesque.
Arose as a result of the development of snowboarding, when athletes-skiers began to visit snowparks and try their hand at snowboarding exercises. This movement became so large-scale that it got the name - New school, or New School.
Today slopestyle is a descent along a track equipped with various obstacles (jumps, railings, etc.). The skier can move along any route and, at his discretion, choose the figures and types of acrobatic elements performed.
The disciplines described above are professional.
Soon it will be 20 years since I go hiking. And after I post photos, I get questions about the selection of equipment. I decided to outline the basic principles in this article so that you can give a link and not repeat it.
Everything written is not a dogma, but the result of my personal searches and experiments, communication with more experienced tourists. Perhaps none of this will suit you. I prefer solo hikes with a minimum of light equipment. I also walk serious ascents and categorical routes, but I will not discuss them here in principle. For them, the key advice is to have an experienced guide who will help (including) with choosing the right equipment. And I do not recommend starting with solo hikes either. First go several times with a group where there are experienced people.
I am writing only about the equipment that I myself have tried and use. I do not receive discounts or royalties from equipment manufacturers for advertising.
We are talking about cross-country hikes like: Iceland - Norway - Nepal - Corsica - Argentina - Caucasus - Altai - Kamchatka, etc., usually for 1.5-2-2.5 weeks in late spring, summer or early autumn. The trail is well marked, orientation is not a problem. Relief - mountains, foothills. These are trekking routes that do not require climbing skills and technical equipment. Not taiga, not desert, not jungle, not Arctic, not tundra. And not the notorious "survival trips" :)
Tip # 1. Try not to carry more than 10-12 kg. cumulative weight, including food and gas. When planning your route, find out where along the way (with a guarantee) you can restock.
Tip # 2. To be able to make # 1, look for the best possible balance of three parameters when choosing equipment: Light weight/Functionality/Price. When choosing equipment, be sure to weigh it. An electronic Chinese steelyard costs 500 rubles. - This is the main piece of equipment during the preparation phase.
Tip # 3. Learn not to take extra junk on a hike. Make do with what you need.
My backpack on a group hike in 2002 weighed about 35 kg. And I was dying under it. In 2017 - 9 kg. on a solo hike and I feel great. Which is what I wish for you. Here's how to do it:
Tourists refer to it as the heaviest elements of individual equipment: backpack, sleeping bag, tent. They usually last for many years.
There is more than one conditional classification of alpine skiing that has the right to life. Moreover, the manufacturers themselves from season to season often castled their models, move them in catalogs from one category to another. We present a conditional classification from our expert Sergey Garibov, which will help you navigate the varieties of alpine skiing and catalogs of manufacturers.
A cut turn performed by Fischer pro rider Alexander Gordeev.
Carving (cross-country) alpine skiing is a type of ski designed for skiing on prepared slopes (on piste). Such skis repeat the geometry of sports skis, but they are more comfortable, softer in deflection and not as rigid torsionally, not as "strict" (that is, they "forgive" some mistakes) as sports skis.
These skis provide the ability to ride in deep arcs, short or wide. Typically, the waist width of a piste ski is between 68-78 mm. Piste skis have a deep side cut - the turning radius of the ski is from 10 to 19 meters.
Theoretically, for a good cross-country ski, this geometry, together with the correct distribution of the stiffness of the ski, provides it with ease of entering a turn and the ability to go through the entire slope "on the edges", without slipping the ski sideways. This turning technique (no side slip) is called "carving" and is considered a modern ski technique. It originated with the advent of carving skis (skis with a deep side cut) in the second half of the 1990s. As it is now customary to say, at the turn of the century, a "carving revolution" took place in alpine skiing. When skiing on carving skis, the skier loads both skis more evenly, in contrast to the classical technique with a load in a turn on one ski, outside to the turn. When skiing on modern skis, on average, 60% of the load goes to the outside ski in a turn, 40% to the inside.
The transition to carving skiing has had several serious consequences:
Sasha Gordeev carves on freeride (!) Fischer Big Stix 122 skis (size 190 cm, turning radius 20 m).
Russian dental tourism began its development by offering expensive tours to high-quality foreign clinics. But everything has changed: the modern Russian is looking for a cheaper way to cure his teeth in Russia and other countries.