All about water

Rafting: description, history, views, equipment, safety, photos, video

Active recreation has always been popular. And now, when for a huge number of people work is not associated with significant physical activity, it is especially important to keep yourself in good shape. That is why jogging, swimming pools and fitness centers are so popular. However, taking measures to preserve and maximally prolong the full working state of the body, we still willy-nilly turn this process into almost the same routine as work. And so I want to give the body a good shake-up, at least for a couple of weeks a year, to prove to myself and others that there is both strength and dexterity. And I just want to change the scenery. It is for these reasons that many people choose water tourism. More precisely, any of its varieties. And there are several of them, and each has its own characteristics, which must be known and taken into account.

What is good about water tourism

This type of outdoor activity has many advantages. For people who are not indifferent to the state of the environment, such rest is valuable primarily for its practically zero trauma to nature. Traveling on water bodies, subject to the minimum environmental requirements, does not cause any damage to the environment.

Also, this type of travel combines both active recreation as such, and familiarization with the beauties of nature, other attractions, the opportunity to express yourself, feel the effect of regular visits to the gym or pool, learn new skills, and raise self-esteem.

Types of water tourism

By and large, this type of outdoor activity is divided into two large segments, which include several subspecies. These are: rafting water tourism and yachting (sailing water tourism).

As for the general points, each of these varieties is not for everyone. Rafting tourism will appeal to strong and risky people who like to test their brave prowess (or to prove that the number of years lived is not a reason to write off "for scrap") and well tickle your nerves. Yachting requires much less effort and dexterity, but it also cannot be called an occupation for the lazy, since this type of travel on reservoirs requires both certain skills and serious preparation.

By the way, it is the urgent need to seriously prepare that unites both types of boating. As well as the need not to forget for a second that water does not forgive frivolity and does not at all accept the hope of "maybe".

Rafting tourism includes rafting and kayaking, canoeing, kayaking and catamarans. Rafting - rafting on rough waters (usually mountain rivers) on special inflatable boats - rafts. Depending on the type of raft, it needs two to six people to drive it. Therefore, this type of water tourism is exclusively collective. As well as sleeping on catamarans - double-hulled vessels operated by a crew of at least two people, the maximum (on the most common models) is eight.

Kayaks, canoes and kayaks can be single or double. These floating vessels are more maneuverable. However, it cannot be said that they are more difficult to control than rafts or catamarans. Management of floating craft of all types requires appropriate physical training, strong nerves, and certain skills.

Water tourism and its features

Types of water tourism

Water tourism is a type of tourism in which recreation is carried out on the water with

using kayaks, kayaks, inflatable life rafts (PSN), boats,

rafts, catamarans (frame-inflatable structure), rafts (wooden

structures with inflatable elements) and other floating facilities. For

organized tourists who are not keen on sports tourism are acceptable

routes on motor ships on rivers and on ocean liners on the seas.

Geographically and temporally, sports water tourism is very diverse: from

one-hour one-day routes along the nearest rivers, up to several weeks

river hikes in mountainous terrain. For easy travel

Water tourism and its features. Traveling on water, subject to minimum environmental requirements ...

Rafting is a real find for those who want to test their level of capabilities in the most extreme conditions and get a truly unforgettable experience.

Rafting allows you to test your reaction speed, your ability to make the only right decision in a matter of seconds, and much more. What is he like? This is a collective descent on rough waters, which guarantees a real adrenaline rush into the blood.

A bit of history

The concept of "rafting" comes from the word raft ("raft" in translation from the English language. ... On rafting, official championships, competitions are held, World and European cups are awarded, there is even a Rafting Federation.

There is a legend about how rafting appeared. It says that rafts first appeared during the Vietnam War and were used to ferry vital supplies along the arteries of rivers. And one day such a raft broke off the leash and went with a man into the rapids. The soldier who survived this episode did not at all become afraid of rivers, but received a surge of adrenaline and pleasure, because he survived such a test. And this fun spread very quickly, because the soldier's life does not shine with entertainment. And here everything is at hand - water, rapids, brothers-in-arms, ready to fight the elements together. Since then, as the bike says, this entertainment has existed, which, without hesitation, was dubbed rafting.

Rafting - extreme for tourists

As water tourism, rafting is becoming more and more popular among extreme sports enthusiasts. It is suitable for everyone, both beginners and tourists with a good experience. Rafting participants will need physical energy, endurance, coordination and the ability to make quick decisions. Only life jackets, helmets, endurance, and, of course, the experience and skill of the instructor will help you in this exciting fight against the elements. Conquering a mountain river with all the difficulties that arise on the way, gives a lot of pleasure and positive. Rafting is also an opportunity to spend exciting time, rafting down a mountain river, and enjoying the pristine beauty of nature.

There are very few fast and rough rivers on the territory of the former CIS, but still, there are places where you can organize rafting. In Russia, the Altai and Karelian rivers are ideal for such water tourism. The waterways of the Caucasus may also be of interest. Only lovers of thrills and overcoming obstacles can choose rafting for tourism. This type of water tourism has become so attractive that many people have appeared who want to feel the acuteness of the extreme experience without special training. According to the complexity of the rafting, rafting is divided into several categories - sports, tourist and hiking:

Sports rafting is a whole system of training, consisting of special requirements for competitions. The competitive process includes certain standards and the level of complexity of the rafting. For travel companies, this type of rafting is not of particular interest. They offer their clients such types of rafting as hiking and tourist.

Hiking rafting includes elements of sports and tourist recreation. Depending on the preparation of tourists, you can use routes of varying degrees of difficulty. Hiking rafting can last for several days, so here special attention is paid to equipment and the availability of necessary things, food, as well as safety when arranging recreation camps.


Let's talk about the list of necessary things for the rafting. We have divided the clothing for water trips into 3 categories: dry wetsuits, conditionally dry clothing options and neoprene wetsuits.


A dry wetsuit or "biscuit" is the best thing that mankind has created for rafting and water tourism. They are very expensive. They breathe so you won't sweat in them when you paddle. They won't get wet and you will stay dry even when swimming.

But dry suits also have drawbacks: they require careful care and additional clothing (insulation) must be worn under them, because by themselves they do not heat, but only do not let water through and breathe. Insulation must be correctly selected for the weather and physical activity. Put on a lot - sweat, put on a little - freeze. "Sukhar" is the choice of professionals who understand what they need. There are dry suits (one-piece). You can see the options here. There are cheaper options, consisting of pants and a jacket. Those that are cheaper are sometimes called semi-dry.

Conditionally dry clothes

We will classify even cheaper clothes as conditionally dry clothes. This is the main option for most of our hikes. These are jackets and pants made of non-breathable materials. They can be either with sufficiently good cuffs on the sleeves, legs and neck, or without them. Clothes without tight cuffs are called storm clothes.

Such clothes (with or without cuffs) in themselves also do not warm at all, so you need to wear a sufficient amount of warm (fleece or woolen) clothing under them. Storm clothing over warm clothing is suitable for simpler hikes. (Summer rafting on catamarans on Shuya, Okhta, Chirka). As a last resort, tourists sometimes use Chinese plastic raincoats. This is probably the worst option, but it is also suitable for simple summer routes.

A relatively dry set of a jacket and kayaker pants (with a fleece under them) is well suited for most of our water trips, because it is much more comfortable and dry to go all day on a catamaran or kayak in it than in a neoprene wetsuit.

Examples of simple and cheap clothing can be found in Triton or Decathlon, where there is a lot of cheap and at the same time sufficient quality equipment for novice tourists. Storm clothing is available in Equipment and in Extreme. But with active rowing in the jacket and pants of a kayaker, after a while you will get wet from sweat and fumes from the body. In addition, the cuffs and, most importantly, the connection of the jacket and pants at the waist are not tight. Therefore, if you plan to ride in rapids with ship flips, then it is better to take a neoprene suit for the same price.

Neoprene Wetsuits

A neoprene wetsuit is recommended for hikes where swimming in cold water is likely and rapids are the core of the program. These are spring hikes along Shuya and Uksa, hikes along Tumcha, Kutsa and Katun. For Tumcha and Kutsa, the previous set is also suitable, but if you like rapids and want to ride a lot in them, it is better to take neoprene.

Water gets under the neoprene suit, the body underneath will be wet, but the neoprene insulates it from the cold surrounding water. The water that gets inside will heat up, and overall it will be warm. Neoprene wetsuits come in different thicknesses, 3-5 mm are recommended for alloy. This thickness is not enough to constantly be in cold water on May rafting (water 1-5 degrees), as when diving, but it is enough for occasional swimming in combination with active paddle work even in icy water. In thicker (7-9 mm) neoprene, it is inconvenient to row, it strongly constrains movement, this option is not recommended. A wet neoprene wetsuit is blown by the wind, a lot of water evaporates from it, and this (remembering school physics) inevitably cools it down a lot. Therefore, it is necessary to wear windproof (waterproof and windproof) clothing on top. A jacket and kayaker pants work well. Worse, but a fisherman's jacket or storm suit will work as well. There is no point in wearing breathable clothing over neoprene.

Water tourism

Water tourism is one of the types of sports tourism, which consists in the fact that the route to be overcome runs along the water surface. Moreover, depending on the linden of this surface, water tourism can be river, sea, lake, etc.

The surface of rivers, lakes and seas has long attracted people. In the Middle Ages, there was no profession more romantic than the profession of a sailor. And how many famous travelers and discoverers of new lands, who set off on distant voyages along the seas, rivers and oceans, gave us that time. Unfortunately, in our time, the profession of a sailor is no longer so in demand, ships have become smaller, and the number of sailors required to service them has decreased significantly. And it has become faster and more convenient to travel by trains, cars and airplanes.

Apparently, in order to make up for the lack of swimming on water, people came up with water tourism. Let's talk about it in more detail.

Types of water tourism

River Rafting

The most popular and affordable type of water tourism. Depending on the chosen vehicle, there is rafting, kayaking, kayaking and rafting.

Rafting on a mountain river. Photo - Wikipedia

The most attractive and accessible type of water tourism today. It is carried out on special inflatable boats - rafts. It is organized on any mountain rivers with rapids, rapids and other natural obstacles that make the rafting more attractive.

A big plus of rafting in the absence of the need for special training, just the presence of a professional instructor in the boat. Rafting is offered at many popular tourist resorts in Russia and Europe - to participate in rafting, you can go to the Caucasus, the Urals or fly to Dubai, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia or Turkey.

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