In Soviet times, there was a tradition when every autumn city dwellers were sent to the countryside to harvest. Students, scientists, workers, teachers and even party workers came to the aid of the collective farms. True, we went there without much desire, as if serving a duty. After the 1990s, this tradition became a thing of the past. Now she is returning, with the only difference that the townspeople go to the village voluntarily, trying to get a lot of pleasure there: to relax in nature, to join the life of a peasant family, to taste fresh fruits and vegetables, and some even seek to take part in agricultural work. A similar phenomenon has received the name - agritourism.
Safari is considered to be the progenitor of agritourism - hunting for animals in Africa. Over time, instead of hunting, tourists began to offer tours to the wild with accommodation among the aborigines and other related things. Modern agritourism took shape by the 80s of the last century and now it is gaining more and more popularity in Europe and the world.
It is based on shared accommodation between the owner of the farm and tourists. The main feature is horseback riding and hiking. Recently, fishing and diving in some historical era have been added to them.
Its main elements are working together with the farmer in the field and participating in various folk festivals and celebrations.
The French agritourism model is culinary and winemaking. With this model, tourists are provided with a separate house, a full set of local cuisine and, of course, admission to the local wine cellar.
The Italian model is similar to the French, only here, in addition to food and wine, an entertainment program with historical sights is offered.
The Czech countryside attracts with recreation in renowned wine regions and areas bordering on protected areas.
The Polish model is distinguished by a clear distinction between farms that receive tourists into those for which this is the only business, and those that consider tourism activities as a source of additional income.
Other European countries have their own peculiarities of rural tourism, but basically they all boil down to the above.
And in Spain, for example, there is even a national program for the development of this type of recreation - Turismo Rural.
In Ukraine, unfortunately, rural tourism is not as developed as in Europe and America, but it can have very good prospects. This is facilitated by the recreational opportunities of the country's territory, and a considerable number of original villages where national traditions and folklore are preserved. In addition, Ukraine has adopted a law "On Personal Farming", which gives the owner of a rural estate the right to provide services in the field of "green" tourism. The development of agritourism would help solve some of the social problems of the Ukrainian countryside. According to statistics, the average annual number of the working-age population living in rural areas is 6.4 million people. More than 0.5 million of them are registered as unemployed, and 3 million identify themselves as unemployed. With the development of agrarian tourism, the villagers could earn. The funds received from rural tourism could be used to improve the infrastructure of the villages.
The main problems of the development of agricultural tourism in Ukraine:
We have prepared a list of little-known places that will open up new facets of beauty while traveling around Ukraine.
The Orzhevsky estate is an architectural monument located in the vicinity of the Zhytomyr region. The estate is located in the village of Chertoria, which has been known since the 15th century. The village had a huge number of owners, but the estate was named after the last owners - the Orzhevskys.
The Orzhevsky family made a huge contribution to the arrangement and decoration of the palace. There is also a huge stained glass window and an old staircase inside. But the main decoration of the estate is an antique marble fireplace. The ceiling in the palace is decorated with stucco and heraldic symbols.
On the territory of the Orzhevsky estate there is also a rare exhibit of 19th century architecture - a steam mill. It was considered one of the first in the vicinity and consisted of 7 floors. Today, a power plant operates on the site of the mill.
The palace building has practically not lost its former beauty to this day.
The Carpathian volcano in the village of Starunya is a one-of-a-kind volcano of this type not only in Ukraine, but throughout the world. It responds to earth shaking within 6 km.
The mud volcano in the village of Starunya was formed in an anthropological way - with the help of humans. About a hundred years ago, they began to look for oil deposits in this area. After that, groundwater penetrated into the earth's crust, as a result of which the oxidative process of oil began. And with the release of heat, the volcano began to recharge. However, the volcano woke up relatively recently - in the 70s of the last century.
The volcano in Starun consists of 8 craters and 12 non-permanent micro-craters. Local residents claim that the mud from the volcano contains almost all chemical elements.
Traveling around Ukraine by car is a great way to diversify your leisure time and get new impressions. In our country, there are many natural attractions and unique architectural ensembles that are worth seeing. You don't have to travel too far to do this, as each area is famous for its own unique flavor. If you don't know how to build a route yourself so that it is interesting, with beautiful views, check out the ten most popular routes.
This road trip in Ukraine will take one day, you need to drive only 167 km. The route starts from the city of Kherson, where the remains of the Kherson fortress are located (Ochakovskie and Severny gates, earthen ramparts, etc.). On the territory of the former fortification there is a unique building - St. Catherine's Cathedral. Not far from it is the park named after. Taras Shevchenko and the Park of Glory.
On an excursion to Oleshkovsky sands from Kherson, you will find yourself in the very heart of the desert and learn many unexpected facts about these places.
Further, the route runs through Oleshkovskie sands - "Ukrainian Sahara". The ride takes about 40 minutes. For a long time, Oleshkovsky sands were out of the reach of ordinary tourists due to military exercises. In 2010, the Oleshkovsky Sands National Park was opened, and tourist centers began to conduct excursions along a safe route.
Be sure to take a photo in the desert!
After the desert, you need to drive about two hours to the Askania-Nova biosphere reserve. Here you can see wild animals (lynx, buffalo, zebra, llama, etc.) both in their natural habitat, by ordering a safari, and in the zoo.
Meet the South! Watch a promo video about the coolest tourist attractions of the Kherson region:
Askania is a unique place where you can communicate with animals very closely.
In addition to the zoo and "safari", Askania-Nova has a beautiful arboretum.
The length of the route is approximately 80 km. There is a fortress in Uzhgorod, which was erected in the 11th century. It belonged to the magnates Drugets, now it houses the Uzhgorod Museum of Local Lore. They say that the daughter of Count Druget was immured in the walls of the fortification.
It takes about 20-25 minutes to get to the village of Nevitskoye from the Uzhgorod castle. Between the villages of Nevitskoe and Kamenitsa are the ruins of the castle of Anna from the Druget family. She was nicknamed the Bad Maiden because of her cruelty. Legends say that she disliked young girls and even sacrificed them. Some parts of the fortification and towers have survived from the castle.
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