Despite a long and grueling journey, often with several changes, and a very hot climate, Australia is one of the most popular tourist destinations. This country surprises travelers with stunning nature and a variety of entertainment for tourists, the infrastructure and hotel services are well developed here, there are a huge number of cultural attractions.
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, it occupies the whole mainland and covers the surrounding islets, the largest of which is Tasmania.
The Australian continent is a huge land of deserts and rare forests, and on the eastern coast of the mainland there is a mountain complex of the Great Dividing Range, its highest point is at the top of Mount Kostsyushko, at an altitude of 2228 meters. The Great Barrier Reef, a unique natural landmark, stretches for almost 2 thousand kilometers and covers the eastern coast.
Due to its distant location, the smallest continent of the planet was discovered and explored later than the rest. The first few decades after the discovery, the island was a place of exile for criminals, however, realizing the wealth and uniqueness of the continent, in the 18th century the British began to actively develop the continent and build cities. With the beginning of the "Gold Rush", immigrants from America and Europe poured into these lands en masse, because of which the number of aborigines began to dramatically decrease. At the beginning of the 20th century, the mainland became an independent state, and today it is one of the most developed countries with a high standard of living, which boasts a rich and eventful history, ancient cultural heritage.
A vacation in Australia is a real adventure, unusual, vivid and memorable. A trip to this country will be of interest to everyone: fans of cultural recreation, beach sloths, active and restless athletes.
The vast Australia has several climatic zones, which makes the rest here comfortable and enjoyable all year round. When it is winter on our continent, it is summer in Australian resorts, the best time to travel, especially to the southern part of the country. To travel to the northern regions, it is better to choose the Australian winter, at this time it is very dry here.
The seasons of the southern hemisphere are opposite to the northern ones. The hottest period is the end of autumn and the first half of winter, while it is relatively cool here in late spring and summer.
Go diving in the Great Barrier Reef, home to the world's largest concentration of coral. The reef covers an area of more than 350 thousand kilometers, on which there are 900 islands with corals - an ideal place for diving and outdoor activities.
Head to Mount Uluru for a picturesque sunrise - this place is located in the heart of the continent, it is sacred to the indigenous Australians. As the sun rises, the color of the mountain changes from deep purple to pink, creating stunning natural scenery!
The most beautiful beach on the continent is Uyanglass, with its magnificent white coastline. Go here to swim and sunbathe.
Bridges, like mountains, can also be conquered - from the height of the Harbor Bridge you will have fantastic views of Sydney. The Great Ocean Road is the most beautiful road route in the world - take it and you will stop every now and then to enjoy the magnificent scenery.
At the moment, Australia, given the fact that it was created as a prison colony by the British, is one of the most popular destinations for recreation and tourism in the world. Australia attracts tourists from all over the world with its huge megalopolises, large skyscrapers, wonderful climate, beautiful beaches, ocean, as well as friendly attitudes of the country's residents towards tourists.
Australia is both a country and a continent. In terms of area, Australia ranks sixth in the world and it is not surprising that it has quite a lot of attractions, plant and animal species that are not found anywhere else in the world. From the Sydney Opera House to the sacred rock of Uluru, the Great Barrier Reef, which is located near the Gold Coast, Kakadu National Park, Phillip Island, Australia has many beautiful places that are unlike the rest. Lovers of the open air will love this country for its climate, variety of outdoor activities such as diving, surfing, swimming, mountain biking, as well as skiing, only water - all this is available due to the presence of seas and oceans that wash this country. Australia has everything for a good holiday that will be remembered for a long time.
Lovers of passive recreation in cultural centers and megacities, this beautiful country will undoubtedly delight its tourists. All Australian cities are clean, modern, new, cities such as Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra - the capital of Australia are megacities comparable to New York, Tokyo and many others. These cities are home to famous landmarks such as the Sydney Opera House and the Harbor Bridge, the Australian Museum and many others. Also in Australia there are many impressive restaurants with excellent cuisine for all tastes that will please even the most meticulous gourmet.
It doesn't matter that the purpose of the trip is to have an active holiday on the beach, calmly drinking Australian beer of which there are many varieties and brands, or just sightseeing, you can have a wonderful vacation in Australia.
Due to the pleasant and warm climate of the country, there is no unsuitable month for visiting this beautiful place - winter is no exception, which lasts there in May-August, the heat does not drop below 22 degrees. But the most wonderful time to visit this country is summer - November-February, due to the fact that during this period the weather is much better and hotter, but also during this period there are many events and celebrations and the streets of cities are much more joyful and fun.
Australian time zone is GMT + 10, but from November to May this time becomes GMT + 11.
Australia's standard mains voltage is 245-250V 50Hz. They use 3-prong flat-ended plugs, while we use 2-prong barrel-ended plugs. Nowhere in the world are such plugs used anymore, for this you need to take an adapter with you when traveling to this country.
This publication will focus on tourism in Australia and its features. The first thing every tourist who comes to Australia is drawn to is the wonderful sandy beaches. The most popular beach destination is the Gold Coast (Gold Coast). It is located next to Sydney. This beach with a length of almost 40 kilometers is loved by both foreign tourists and the Australians themselves.
A characteristic feature of this area is that it is located in the center of the subtropical and tropical climate. This climate is 300 days of sunshine a year, which undoubtedly attracts tourists.
There are three main groups of beaches on the Gold Coast. Main Beach is the most visited beach among the rest. Surfers Paradise - this is where the main resort is located, where a large number of hotels are located. The third group is called Broad Beach, a less popular part of the beach.
The Gold Coast is used to wealthy tourists. Local guides are ready to offer you any kind of tour for your money.
All diving enthusiasts simply need to visit the Great Barrier Reef. This reef consists of approximately 3 thousand isolated coral reefs. Diving at the foot of the reef, the diver is waiting for a stunning underwater world. It is home to 5 thousand species of molluscs, about 11 thousand sponges, 2 thousand species of fish and other inhabitants. But since Australian environmentalists keep this area under control, everyone who wants to is better off hurrying to enjoy this magnificent miracle. But you should remember about the danger, sharks are often found near the reef and without professional guides, it is better not to be there.
Also worth noting is one of the most extreme local attractions - diving in a large cage in the company of great white sharks. This will definitely take your breath away.
There are also no less interesting excursions to the famous sunken ships, which are at an accessible depth.
There are about 600 islands on the territory of the Great Barrier Reef, where everyone can find a place to their liking and culturally rest.
Hamilton Island is perfect for families. After all, it is the most civilized of all the islands of the reef, filled with various hotels and entertainment centers.
Lizard Island is considered by many to be the best diving site. Due to the fact that it is part of the reef, a variety of fauna live in its waters. Feel free to take the underwater camera and go!
And the most expensive resort on the island of Bedarra. On this island, instead of hotels, there are luxurious two-storey villas that will not leave anyone indifferent.
Most tourists go abroad for sightseeing, felting on the sand, and visiting historic sites. But what if you are not one of them? If you are interested in active holidays in Australia - you are welcome! We have described the most popular types of Australian extreme sports available to every traveler.
Naturally, it's worth starting with the most popular type of outdoor activity in Australia - surfing. The continent is washed by two oceans, the beaches are simply magical. And, of course, the waves are impressive. Nowhere else in the world is there such a concentration of surf spots as here - about 1400 in the entire country. It's nice that you can go surfing in Australia in almost any large city, you don't have to go far. There are some great places to catch a wave right in Sydney. We talked about other beaches in Australia here.
Be careful and do not overestimate your own skills: you should not meddle in places with huge waves if you do not have really great experience
For professional surfers, a place called Shark Island is suitable, high waves rise here. For beginners, Byron Bay and Newcastle are suitable, it's easier there. In Australia, anyone can learn to surf: instructors offer their services everywhere, and a board can be rented. Bringing surfing photos from a trip to Australia is priceless. If you are also lucky enough to go surfing with whales in Australia, consider the trip a success. The impressions of such a boat trip with giant fish are worth flying around half the globe.
Another type of extreme water entertainment is scuba diving. Reviews of diving in Australia are only positive, no wonder - the underwater flora and fauna look incredibly impressive. There are even special diving tours to Australia, people from all over the world fly to the continent to appreciate the wealth of the underwater world. Do not forget that beginners in this business will definitely need an instructor. Descent under the water is carried out by organized groups, equipment and a suit are offered to be rented.
Experienced submariners have the opportunity to go diving on the Great Barrier Reef in Australia from the city of Cairns. This unique natural structure is about 70 million football fields in size. Swimming in the vicinity of the Great Barrier Reef, you can see six of the seven species of sea turtles, one and a half thousand species of fish and five hundred species of coral. The water is unusually clear, the visibility here fluctuates within 25-40 meters, which means that you can carefully consider the underwater beauty.
If you are more into eating fish than looking at it, read the Australian delicacies article.
Spawning occurs once a year on a coral reef. It is not known how all corals manage to "negotiate" with each other, but the release of germ cells from them occurs simultaneously within one hour. All billions of corals span over two thousand kilometers! For this occasion, special diving tours are also organized.
Watch a video of diving on the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, seeing once is better than hearing a hundred times
The water temperature at the places of diving to the Great Barrier Reef is kept at around 26-28 ° С all year round. The best seasons for diving are spring and early summer, because it is during this period that whale sharks approach the shore. If you want to see turtles, dive in the summer when they lay their eggs in the coastal area. The advantage of diving on the Great Barrier Reef in Australia is the complete absence of strong currents. The dive will be carried out to a depth of 30 meters. There are also sinkholes that go several hundred meters deep.
Do you know which globe you can buy in Australia? Inverted, with the South Pole on top. And, by the way, it is no less correct than our traditional one: after all, there is neither up nor down in space, and for the Australians we are exactly the same antipodes walking upside down, as they are for us. When you are there, we advise you to bring a couple, for yourself and your best friend: installed within the line of sight, it perfectly eliminates egocentric delusions.
Besides the shape-shifting globe from Australia, you can bring a full box of completely unique experiences. That there is one monolith of Uluru, blood-red in the rays of the daytime sun and acquiring a completely extraterrestrial appearance at sunset! Then, with a minimal margin, there are endless BBR archipelagos with some desperate riot of underwater life, wide beaches with postcard waves for surfers, live plush koalas, and finally, platypuses - irrefutable evidence of God's sense of humor (you will see - you will understand).
Add to this the recognizable silhouettes of landmarks like the Sydney Opera House and the Harbor Bridge, a bunch of interesting things to take with you, including Aboriginal exotics, and the ease of communication with the locals: basic English will be enough. "Ossie, i'm cuming!" - we exclaimed and thoroughly studied the Southern continent for you.
The capital is Canberra, the political center of the country: the Australian government sits in the mast-crowned Parliament building. Canberra is cozy and green: there are no factories, but there are many parks, memorials and museums. In Sydney, tourists are attracted by famous attractions (from the opera house to the Harbor Bridge), Paddington boutiques and Bondi Beach beaches. Other large cities are also good for excursions: the many-sided Melbourne, hospitable Brisbane. And in Adelaide, Cairns and Perth, it is pleasant to combine culture with relaxation on the seashore.
The most popular beach resorts are the Gold Coast with fashionable, party and family areas and the Great Barrier Reef - a scattering of the most beautiful islands in the Coral Sea. The center of the country is covered with a red desert, which has its own Grand Canyon - the sacred mountain Uluru, or Ayers Rock. In the north, in the vicinity of Aboriginal settlements, there are numerous national parks. One of the best places to experience authentic nature and culture is Darwin, with historic buildings and stunning landscapes. All the details about cities and resorts in Australia - on the page "The intricacies of tourism".
Continental Australia is located in three time zones: Western Standard Time (UTC +8), Central (UTC +9: 30) and Eastern (UTC +10). For example, Perth, Mandurah and Albany live in Western time, Darwin and Adelaide in central time, Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra in Eastern time.
But all this applies only to the winter period. With the transition to daylight saving time, Australia, as if by magic, appears two more time zones - the fact is that only a few Australian states translate the arrows. Thus, from October to April, South Australia and the city of Broken Hill live in Australian Central Daylight Time (UTC + 10:30), while New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Tasmania and Victoria live in Australian Eastern Daylight Time (UTC +11 ).
Australia's climate varies dramatically by region. In the north it is tropical, in the south it is temperate. The hottest time of the year is from November to January, when the temperature throughout the country is from +20 to +32 ° C, and in the central regions it reaches +38. +42 ° C. At the same time, within 1.5-2 hours after sunset, it can get colder by 10-12 degrees. It is relatively cold in June-August, at this time the temperature does not rise above +15. + 18 ° C, and in the temperate zone it sometimes drops to 0 ° C, it often rains.
The best time to visit the Gold Coast is the Australian summer (Russian winter). In June-August, a big wave rises there, strong winds blow and it rains. At this time, it is better to swim and sunbathe on the BBR. See also the current weather forecast for the main Australian resorts and cities for the coming days.
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Vadim Boreiko, based on open sources and available data, conducted an investigation into the mountain cluster and made many interesting discoveries.