5 tricks to help you survive in extreme cold

How to organize a base camp for survival and hunting

A properly organized survival camp, or "hunting camp" is a good help in case of disasters and emergencies. In general, if you are traveling or hunting, the following tips and skills for setting up a camp will be very valuable!

How to organize a base camp for survival or hunting

A lot of survivalists believe that if the power supply does break out, they will take their huge backpacks and safely dump them to live in the woods. Alas, believing and doing are two different things. Few of them are actually capable of doing this well.

But that doesn't mean it's impossible or that you can't handle it. Just that it will be VERY difficult, especially if you need to settle in for a long time.

And one of the most important things you'll need is base camp. It is necessary to establish your base at the very beginning in order to succeed in survival and as comfortable as possible, life in the forest.

Base Camp is the basis of life, your home while you are in the wild. Regardless of whether you are yourself or not - although it is better to survive in extreme conditions with close friends.

There must be things here that will satisfy your most basic needs. Otherwise, you simply cannot live here.

And if you are just traveling, you can do it comfortably and without stress.

The Seven Elements of a Survival Camp

A good and comfortable place to sleep and rest is the most important element of the camp. He should be taken care of first of all. If you cannot sleep well, then you will not be able to cope with everything else, as you will walk like a zombie and slowly die.

The place to sleep should be comfortable and sheltered. In warm weather, a hammock will work, but it is better to use a tent, preferably waterproof. You definitely need warm sleeping bags, if possible, you can take folding beds, so as not to sleep on the ground.

How to organize a base camp for survival and hunting

Let's talk about how to survive in the wild without equipment ...

Note: This article is being submitted on behalf of the original author, Brian Martins. Unless otherwise stated, what was said is his personal experience.

How to survive in the wild without funds and equipment

I have traveled in the wild many times, testing my skills in different situations. Last year, as part of my wilderness survival training at Anake Outdoor School, I lived in the woods for a week and slept under the roots of a huge spruce. At the same time I drank rainwater. I dug holes with my hands, despite the fact that the ground was strewn with leaves, and drank rainwater from them. The training also included making fire by friction, building a shelter with improvised means, and creating simple tools from stones.

It is worth mentioning that although the article is about survival, I think that many of those who would like to learn how to survive in the wild are considering LIVING there rather.

Good training is a tough way to find and expand your boundaries and master the most basic life-saving skills.

The most important time in a critical survival situation is the first 24-48 hours!

And keep in mind: these skills are not enough to just go to the forests and live there, if not all your life, then for a long time. Much of this experience is about being hungry, tired, cold and uncomfortable - and being effective at the same time!

It is logical to think: is it necessary at all?

Yes, as it will make you much stronger. It will show what you are capable of in reality, and usually it is much more than what has been implemented at the moment.

And also, it will bring you closer to nature. And it will reduce your level of codependency on other people and on society, which in our world exceeds all acceptable and unacceptable norms.

If you can do it successfully and get the skills you need, you will still get closer to being able to actually LIVE in the wild.

And now I'll start my story. To survive in the wild without equipment and funds, you need the following ...

A properly organized survival camp or

The shock that you feel when you find yourself cut off from the usual things of the civilized world - from water, food, shelter, warmth and companionship - will depend on the circumstances and your preparation. However prepared you may be for the situation in which you find yourself, it is important to quickly get over the initial emotional trauma. Remember that the circumstances in which you find yourself are no different from the circumstances in which many people find themselves who survived no matter what.

Although you may not know this, you are born with the qualities you need to survive — determination, resilience, resourcefulness, and a sense of humor. All you need is to adapt them to new circumstances as quickly as possible. You probably never had to go looking for food and water before.

However, remember that the qualities and skills you use when looking for a job, as well as to provide better living conditions for yourself and your family, are similar to those used by people in order to find for themselves and their family shelter, warmth and food.

As you adapt, you will find that with reasonable precautions, your body will adapt as much as possible to new circumstances. Your sensations, somewhat dulled in the conditions of city comfort, will regain their acuity, and in your mind you will begin to develop plans for satisfying everyday needs.

If you, despite all the obstacles, are determined to survive, you will begin to master the situation. By maintaining a positive attitude, you will gain the necessary will and energy, find food, water and shelter that will allow you to be saved.

Do not torment yourself with questions about the future, because at the moment you need to focus on the matters of the moment and direct all your energy to them. You can solve your problem if you move forward slowly and carefully.

Any journey that separates us from the familiar world with a well-established supply of water and food, warm clothing and sources of heat, to one degree or another, moves us into an environment where we have to survive.

People traveling by car in a populated country like the United States of America, caught in snow storms and drifts, were cut off from the world for several hours before the rescue service could come to their aid, and they can no doubt that they regretted not taking more hot drinks, warm clothes, food and water with them.

Those who go on long-term expeditions to distant lands - mountains, deserts, the open sea - are fully aware that this will be a bet on survival and make all the necessary preparations. However, even they can overestimate the readiness of their equipment and find themselves exhausted or caught off guard by various natural disasters.

However, no matter how well equipped you are, it is always best to be aware of the fact that you can get into a very difficult situation by the will of circumstances or as a result of an accident. The more you know about possible dangers, the more likely you are to be better prepared to deal with them.

One of the first rules of survival is not to rely entirely on the vehicles you may be relying on. Learn to prepare for travel in such a way that you are one step ahead of the worst accidents.

Man is basically ill-adapted to not only survive in extreme cold, but simply to withstand low temperatures without the help of various “benefits of civilization”, which took millennia to develop. However, the frost can be survived without a jacket with a built-in electric heater, but only with the help of some skills, the most ordinary clothes and the right equipment. And now we will tell you about some of these techniques.

Five tips to help you survive in extreme cold

Based on the experience of people forced to work actively in extreme weather conditions, the most important thing is to stay dry under many layers of warm clothing. And this despite the rather active movement and actions that ensure survival.

The problem is that wet skin loses heat much faster than dry skin. Therefore, you need to carefully select the pace of movement and work in order to prevent excessive sweating.

Alas, it is impossible to completely avoid the formation of sweat. Therefore, you need to dress in such a way as to ensure that sweat is wicked away from the skin as quickly as possible. Membrane fabrics and thermal underwear, for example. If the skin breathes normally, you will get rid of a huge number of problems.

But it should be borne in mind that every square centimeter of skin must be covered. It is even better to cover your eyes with special masks or glasses. This is necessary to protect the body from the influence of cold wind - the constant companion of winter and extreme cold.

Three to four layers of clothing is the sweet spot you need to survive in extreme cold. More than 4 no longer gives much benefit, but much more constrains movement. Less than three - does not allow creating multiple air insulating layers. And this is extremely important - practically impenetrable layers of warm air play the role of excellent insulation from the cold.

For the same reason, it is worth giving preference to clothes with zippers rather than buttons - this will reduce the risk of cold air sneaking under the equipment.

Of course, everything needs to be protected from the cold. But the same hands, for example, especially protected by gloves, warm themselves due to increased activity and more efficient blood circulation. But with other parts of the body it is worse. The abdomen, lower back and chest should be covered with at least three layers of clothing. Keeping them warm is very important, since this determines the effective functioning of the internal organs and the circulatory system as a whole.

Legs are the hardest part. The bare minimum you need in this situation is thick woolen socks and good waterproof shoes. And, preferably, two layers of pants.

The easiest way to get the calories you need to warm your body from the inside out is to eat well. What is called "heavy food" in "peacetime". Stew, thick soup, whole grain bread. As for drinking, in the cold it is worth drinking exceptionally in small sips, but regularly. A warm drink is tea, but even better is chicken broth. Drinking slowly will be enough for rehydration, but too little for vigorous sweating.

An inflatable boat in the closet, a box of canned food on the balcony, a protective overalls on a hanger - these are the “essentials” of those who consider themselves a survivalist. Unusual hobby: preparing for possible disasters is gradually gaining popularity in Russia. Some turn the apartment into a warehouse of useful things, while others, in a fit of escapism, equip a shelter away from people.

Escapism, escapism, escapism (English escape - to run away, to be saved) is an individualistic-conciliatory desire of a person to escape from reality into a world of illusions and fantasies.

So what is SURVIVAL and what does it mean to BE A SURVIVAL? Escape from the real world into a self-created world of invented threats and a terrible BP, being in your comfort zone and actually just having fun and passing through ... wasting valuable time? Or a real chance to learn new things, to comprehend interesting areas and prepare for possible situations, which are abundant in our life. Understanding, at the same time, the likelihood and degree of threats, but not turning away from everyday life?

Let's try to figure it out ...

History

It's hard to say when the movement of people concerned about the consequences of possible crises of civilization appeared. Most likely, there has always been a certain proportion of those who worry about the future and prepare for the worst. Let us recall, at least, how many different treasures and "burial places" of different eras are found on the sites of old settlements by archaeologists, and just by chance people. At all times, gold and jewelry were hidden in hiding places, later they began to arrange storage for weapons or products. For example, in the turbulent times of Peter I, in some regions of Ukraine, the peasants did not store the harvested crop near their homes, but arranged for this special, well-camouflaged pits near the fields.

The term "survivalists" itself appeared relatively recently. In fact, this is a literal translation of the English "survivalist" (survivalist) - a term that is used abroad for people who are interested in ways of dealing with crisis, extreme situations, elimination of the consequences of natural disasters and man-made disasters. In the United States, such a hobby (if you can call it that) has acquired the character of an informal movement. There are many thematic forums where its members can share their experience, discuss the consequences of real disasters, the actions of rescuers and develop their own strategy for such a case.

In Russia, however, there is no association or club of survivalists as such. True, it is believed that about 5% of the population falls into this category to one degree or another. With the development of the Internet in our country, there appeared an opportunity and place for virtual conversations of brothers in spirit. But the point, perhaps, is that the very philosophy to which they adhere makes them, in fact, loners. The fact is that the majority profess the principle “every man for himself,” in the sense that, in the event of any misfortune, they do not expect help from the state and are ready to take care of themselves. At the same time, however, they say that none of those in power should rely on them as volunteers or on their equipment. The maximum with whom the survivalists are ready to unite are close friends and relatives. However, there may be exceptions to this rule - it all depends on the beliefs of a particular person.

Why did they appear

It is quite normal fear of the future, and even backed up reports of military conflicts or earthquakes that have occurred - this is enough for a person to have a "squirrel instinct" and he began to stock up on items that will help him if something unexpected happens.

The development of science tells the survivors more and more options for the end of civilization. Among them, the fall of an asteroid or a collision with a comet (predicted regularly every few years), a gamma-ray burst on one of the nearest stars, the displacement of the Earth's magnetic poles, the eruption of a giant volcano, global warming (with the subsequent flooding of most of Europe), an epidemic of a deadly virus ( like H5N1, also known as “bird flu”), the third world war ... And dozens of completely fantastic and not very explainable theories like “collapse of space” or “breakthrough of reality”. More down to earth people talk about a possible economic crisis, depletion of minerals (primarily hydrocarbon fuels) and the gradual decline of modern civilization. In contrast to the spectacular scenarios repeatedly filmed by Hollywood, the last three versions, due to their routine, look the most likely. And therefore, to one degree or another, anyone who at least to some extent thinks about the future can classify himself as a survivor.

How to recognize a survivalist

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