Numerous lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria, which have a number of unique features and unusual properties, are considered a real pearl of the region, and beautiful legends about their origin will forever remain in the memory of those who were lucky to visit these places personally.
Each lake in Kabardino-Balkaria has a story to tell, since none of them are like the others.
The most famous outside the republic are the Blue Lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria (clarification takes place, since this topographic term is very popular on the territory of the Russian Federation). This is a group of five beautiful karst lakes with incredibly clear water, which stand out among the other lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria by a number of unique features.
Some of the distinctive features of these aquatic formations are still a mystery to researchers. For example, from what underground sources are they filled? And why the Blue Lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria do not freeze even in winter, maintaining a stable water temperature of 9 ° C?
There are five such lakes in total: two Upper, Lower, Secret and Sukhoye. They are located in the Cherek Gorge with varying degrees of accessibility, but you can visit everything if you wish. A brief description will help you learn about the characteristic features of the Blue Lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria.
Another name for the Upper Blue Lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria is Western and Eastern. Also, due to the peculiarities of the structure, they were dubbed communicating: in the presence of a unifying dam, the waters of the East Lake feed the West. Also, the Upper Lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria, unlike others, are rich in fish.
The largest, most famous and mysterious, as well as the deepest lake in Kabardino-Balkaria is Nizhnee, it is also Tserik-Kel (called "rotten lake" because of the saturation of its waters with hydrogen sulfide). Despite repeated attempts by scientists to find out the depth of the Lower Blue Lake in Kabardino-Balkaria, this mystery is still not solved and there are only assumptions reaching up to 385 meters. Even the famous Jacques Yves Cousteau plunged into the waters of Lake Tserik-Kel of Kabardino-Balkaria, but he did not manage to find out the truth either. This gave reason to call Tserik-Kel "a lake without a bottom" in Kabardino-Balkaria.
The Secret Lake bears a self-explanatory name, as it is not easy to find and see it. The lake is located in a sinkhole hidden by beeches, so only especially attentive tourists will be able to admire its waters.
Finally, the Dry Lake, almost completely "escaped" once from the karst sinkhole that it used to fill. This happened due to seismic activity, which is not uncommon in the regions in which the mountain lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria are located. This lake is considered to be the most difficult to access, as it is impossible to get close to it without mountaineering equipment.
Those wishing to visit the Blue Lakes of Kabardino-Balkaria will find an easy and short road from Nalchik, as well as a well-established tourist sector right on the shores of spectacular reservoirs. In particular, the Blue Lake Hotel with the soul of Kabardino-Balkaria offers its services of national hospitality.
Aushigersk thermal springs are one of the best thermal springs of the Kabardino-Barkar Republic, a unique object, donated by nature, which carries beauty and health. The majestic and beautiful Mount Elbrus has been guarding the blessed corner of nature - a thermal spring for many years. It is also a kind of heater for the waters that come from the bowels of the earth.
In 1950, prospectors went to the Circassian Valley in search of oil, and found unique healing waters. Since then, the development of Artesian water began. The inhabitants of the village of Aushiger were among the first to plunge into the spring, who arranged a place for swimming there. Later, that place became the basis for the formation of the current modern complex. Today, the thermo-complex is one of the most demanded and frequently visited vacation spots.
Just 20 km. from Nalchik, on the left bank of the Cherek River, the Aushigersk hot springs are located. Every year more than 100 tourists come to the springs for recreation and health improvement. Many people like to raft down the river in kayaks and catamarans. As a resort, the place has been known for a long time. It is also worth noting that in recent years the infrastructure of the complex has become much better: the pools have acquired a noble look and cabins for changing clothes have appeared.
The territory of the health resort includes a healing lake, an open reservoir and indoor baths, where you can take a bath. All pools are finished with beautiful tiles and metal handrails.
The uniqueness of this source lies in the fact that you can not only swim in the water, but also drink it. If you drink water from it, you can cure the following diseases:
Taking thermal baths is indicated for the following violations:
The healing properties of water are said to be because they contain a large amount of: chlorine, sodium, potassium and bicarbonates. Due to the fact that the water is always hot, you can swim in such reservoirs at any time of the year. However, for people suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system, bathing in such baths is contraindicated. Since hot water can have a detrimental effect on the work of the heart.
The name of the fortress, built by order of General Ermolov in 1818, was given by a mountain river flowing in this place. Translated from local dialects, the word "nalchik" means "horseshoe". That is why a green horseshoe is depicted on the city's coat of arms, surrounded on three sides by a wooded ridge.
Thanks to the indescribably picturesque places surrounding the city, Nalchik is called the pearl of the North Caucasus. In clear sunny weather, when the transparency of the air is especially high, there is a feeling that the streets and avenues of the city simply run into the sparkling mountain peaks of the Caucasus Range.
Its highest point is the western summit of the two-headed Elbrus. This is the second lucky symbol of Nalchik. It also adorns the city's coat of arms. The highest mountain in Russia and Europe - Elbrus - is quite accessible to the townspeople and guests of these places. A four-hour walk in the Elbrus region is a time of the brightest impressions for any person.
The view of Cheget and Elbrus and the surrounding mountain ranges is mesmerizing. The peaks, pink from the rays of the sun, sparkling with ice, will be remembered forever. The local ethnos glorifies this beauty; climbers eagerly await favorable weather to conquer it. And the guests of Nalchik, slowly plying from one cable car to another, imperceptibly reach an altitude of 3700 meters, where they take selfies with pleasure. Later, they share with their friends the joy that they have been near these heights and beauties of Russia.
The most visited place in Nalchik itself is Atazhukinsky Park. This is just a sacred place for the townspeople and guests of the city. There is a leisurely rest for everyone: this is the "Green Theater" in the open air, where famous pop artists perform; these are both exotic fountains and luxurious flower gardens that are pleasing to the eye. There are four artificial lakes used as a resting place on hot days. And there is also a cable car in the park that stretches over one of the lakes and takes guests to the Malaya Kizilovka mountain.
At its top is the best restaurant in the city - "Sosruko". The architecture of this institution is amazing and unforgettable, made in the form of the head of the hero of the Circassian epic - the warrior Sosruko, whose hand is extended along the top of the mountain and holds a burning torch. From the platforms on the mountain, you can admire the entire panorama of both the park and the city as a whole.
The area where the park is located is called Dolinsky. It is beautiful at any time of the year: in spring it is surprisingly green, in summer it is bright from roses in flower beds, in autumn it sparkles in the overflow of colors of bright foliage of trees, in winter it dies down. But it's still the best place to walk. And if it suddenly becomes cold, then you can look into the local restaurant "Bochka". Guests are always welcome there to treat them to the best wines and beers in the Caucasus with a hot barbecue made from the freshest lamb meat that was grazed in the Alpine meadows. And, of course, tourists will be delighted and surprised by simple local hot cooking. Balkarian khychin - lick your fingers!
The Nalchik River flows in the park. Maples, Japanese quince, chestnut trees, spreading walnut trees, blue spruces grow along clean, well-groomed roads. Here is the Nalchik Zoo, a Ferris wheel. The territory is filled with the purest air, which is difficult to breathe enough. And also springs of wonderful living water gush. There is a pump room where you can always drink the purest water from mineral springs. There are 18 types of mineral water in the city, different in chemical composition, which will cure any ailment!
The Elbrus region as a ski resort has long been widely known throughout the world. It attracts with wide pistes, good snow cover and a long skiing season.
The Elbrus ski resort in 2020 and 2021 is represented by two complexes. "Elbrus-Azau" is designed for skiers of all skill levels. But only experienced riders and extreme sportsmen can cope with the slopes of Mount Cheget. In the first complex there are 7 tracks, in the second - 15.
The slopes of Elbrus offer access to three ski lifts and all ski slopes. The cable car here consists of several stations. For those who are just learning to ride, the Elbrus ski resort in the 2020-2021 season offers lessons with experienced instructors.
The Elbrus region has the longest skiing season in the Caucasus. It starts in November and ends in May. And on some parts of the slopes (in the Gara-Bashi region and above), you can ride in general all year round.
Winter at the resort is quite mild and sunny. The coldest month in the Elbrus region is January, the average temperature at this time is kept at -6 degrees. In December and February it is slightly warmer, about -3 degrees. True, the weather can be capricious: a sunny day can suddenly be replaced by a snowfall or a blizzard. But things are getting better just as quickly.
Be sure not to be caught off guard by accidents. When choosing an active holiday, take out insurance. You can handle any mountain!
* The half-day lift pass works from noon until the end of the lifts ** Adult ticket - from 14 years old, children - from 6 to 13 years old.
Many people tend to spend their Christmas holidays in the mountains, so the slopes of the Elbrus ski resort are crowded at this time. New Year's holidays here are rich in entertaining events: mass celebrations, animation programs for children. You can ride snowmobiles, rent a sled. Several ice rinks are flooded here, equipped with lighting, so you can come even after sunset.
In the Elbrus region there are a couple of paintball grounds where up to 16 people can play at the same time. You will also be offered ice climbing, baths, saunas, billiards, disco and karaoke. All of this can usually be found in your hotel.
Since the Elbrus ski resort is in great demand for the New Year holidays, it is worth taking care of booking accommodation and buying tickets here in advance. So not only will you plan everything without fuss, but you can also save money. This is important, since prices rise by about a third for the holidays. And, if you go to a festive dinner on New Year's Eve, plus additional costs.
The North Caucasus in summer is an original world full of mysteries and adventures. A lotus shrouded in legends, giants-glaciers keeping secrets, waterfalls falling from the rocks ... The nature of these places is protected like a child. But on eco-excursions you can fully experience its power and beauty.
Rest in the North Caucasus in the summer of 2021 is an exciting journey. You will walk through the forest into the mountains, past the turbulent rivers, accompanied by the calls of birds of prey You will discover the "land of towers and legends", see the Sun Valley and its opposite - the sacred mountain Tsey-Loam, almost always hidden by fog and clouds. Of course, it is also worth coming to the North Caucasus for the sake of wine tourism, having gone to the tasting of cognacs, wines and liqueurs in Dagestan and the Stavropol Territory.
Go to Princess Mary's house and waterfalls in June
While the heat has not cleared up, it's time to get acquainted with the nature and cultural heritage of the famous resort cities of Kavminvod. In Kislovodsk, the architectural splendor of the 19th and 20th centuries pleases the eye: the Kislovodsk fortress, the philharmonic building rich in stucco decoration, Chaliapin's dacha, made in the Art Nouveau style, the updated Cascade Staircase.
It is difficult to overestimate the beauty and richness of the famous Kislovodsk National Park, which surpassed the largest in Great Britain Richmond Park in size. If the heavenly bushes exist, they are here. No less interesting is the Castle of deceit and love, shrouded in legends.
An hour's drive from Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, glorified by Mikhail Lermontov, flaunts. The heroes of his works took walks to the popular Proval Lake. At the time of the poet, this place was called "the hellish abyss", believing that a fire-breathing monster lived in the turquoise depths. The city has preserved the gazebo "Aeolian Harp" described by the writer, an academic gallery and even the house of Princess Mary from "A Hero of Our Time". Save your strength for the trek to Hot Mountain, where a large stone eagle is held by a ledge. And be sure to climb over Mashuk on the cable car - remember the view for a lifetime.
You will be impressed by the power of the rushing rivers of the North Caucasus. Few people know about the 50-meter Tobot waterfall in the Dagestan Khunzakh. And the place is amazing. The flat plateau drops off there, as if you are standing on the edge of the earth, and from the top of the gorge in the shape of a Latin V, the river rushes down with a terrible roar. In June, the waterfall is as powerful and magnificent as ever, due to the melting snow and maximum rainfall. There are more than 100 waterfalls in the Teberda Nature Reserve.
Magic is close - you just need to see it. Come for magic to Kabardino-Balkaria, where the ancient secrets of the Blue Lakes have been kept between the rocks for many years. These are five amazing karst lakes, whose nature has not yet been fully understood by humans. Not a single river, not a single stream flows into the Lower Lake, and although every day its waters lose up to 70 million liters, the volume and depth do not change at all. This lake is also called Tserik-Kel, it remains one of the deepest in Europe. A particularly beautiful view opens up in sunny weather, when the water sparkles with a light blue color due to the content of hydrogen sulfide. The magic of this place is also in the fact that the lake can change color up to 16 times per day - from azure to emerald. But the water temperature remains unchanged: no more than +9 degrees in winter and summer.
The Kabardino-Balkarian Nature Reserve is the only high-mountain reserve in Europe, a trip along the mountain path will lead to Lake Tur'ya, where Caucasian rock-climbers gather. The trail stretches to the foot of the Mizhirgi glacier.
The Caucasus is a mountain range between the Black Sea in the west and the Caspian Sea in the east. The mountains consist of the Greater Caucasus in the north and the Lesser Caucasus in the south. The region covers countries such as Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. 1. Elbrus (5642 m) The highest mountain in the Caucasus, also in Russia and Europe. Elbrus is mainly located in Kabardino-Balkaria, partly in Karachay-Cherkessia. Border with Georgia
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black, Azov and Caspian Seas. The etymology of the name has not been established. It is divided into two mountain systems: Bolshoi Kavk ...