Water tourism in Russia is becoming an integral part of active tourism. Usually these are long trips on tourist or pleasure boats in order to relax, interact with nature and take a certain route through regions with beautiful landscapes.
Such rivers as the Volga, Ob, Lena, Yenisei and Amur are considered one of the largest on the planet, and in Russia there is the largest lake in the world - Baikal.
The most attractive for tourists are the large rivers of Karelia, the Urals, Altai, the Caucasus, etc. This type of recreation in our country is relatively young, only after the war in the Soviet Union tourist clubs began to appear with their own routes, competitions, and in the 90s the term "Russian water tourism" appeared.
Water tourism on motor boats or cruise ships along the great Russian rivers is becoming quite popular now, when, in addition to the surrounding beauties, you can visit ancient cities, get acquainted with their history and sights.
Water tourism, in addition to cruises, i.e., travel on cruise ships, refers rather to sports tourism, and is divided into several categories of complexity, by which a tourist can be judged whether he will be able to overcome difficulties on a certain route.
Water tourism has 6 categories, the first three are available to beginners, the other three require special training.
Beginner tourists should choose rivers near their home, preferably flat ones. On such rivers, the main obstacles are shoals, rifts - shoals from opposite banks, rubble or artificial structures such as low bridges, dams.
Rivers in Karelia are mostly flat, but there are often small stone rapids and waterfalls. Large rivers in central Russia are usually of interest to tourists in the upper reaches.
Mountain taiga and mountain rivers boast routes from the 2nd to the 6th degree of difficulty. There are many such rivers in Central Asia, the Carpathians, the Urals, Altai.
Between the Urals and the Yenisei, the rivers are mostly flat of the 1st - 2nd category.
The Baikal region can provide routes up to the 3rd category of difficulty along the Lena and Ulkan, or up to the 5th on the Khamar-Daban and Vitim mountains.
The Volgograd region is a real magnet for fishermen, hunters and ecotourists. A vacation in this wonderful river region can become one of the brightest adventures in the life of any traveler.
The Volgograd region can rightfully be proud of its nature. Some natural monuments are unique not only for Russia, but also for the entire European continent.
The meeting point of the Volga and Akhtuba rivers is a protected area and one of the most popular places among fishing enthusiasts. A large natural park with an area of more than 1500 hectares began its work in 2000. Migratory birds nest in the reserve every year, in total there are about 200 species of birds, including rare, endangered species.
Specialists are doing everything possible to preserve oak forests and replenish fish populations in rivers. There is a hunting reserve in the park and conditions for fishing are created. Every year thousands of fishermen flock to the floodplain, anticipating a rich catch. Fishermen have something to fight for: in rivers, reservoirs and eriks there are such valuable and nutritious fish as sturgeon, beluga, herring, white fish.
Luxurious creations of nature are the main decoration of the Shcherbakovsky Nature Park. It seems as if an amazing rock was created by the builders of the Egyptian pyramids. A natural monument is similar to a human structure, but has a natural origin. A stone wall, divided into pillars, rises on the banks of the river, and a strip of greenery darkens at its top. The monolith is 80 meters high and about 200 meters long.
If you look at the Volga from anywhere in the city, a beautiful picture will open up on the other side of you! A high coast, sometimes with chalk mountains, somewhere overgrown with forest, somewhere boundless fields. For a long time this land was called the Mountain Side. I love these places very much and invite you to admire them and get acquainted with their history during the excursion!
And their history is rich! All villages located on the right bank (which can be seen from Kazan) belong to the Verkhneuslonsky district and appeared in the second half of the 16th century. Our path will lie through a picturesque motorway across the Volga.
We are going to the regional center - Verkhniy Uslon. What are we looking for here? History. Here, in the church cemetery, Daria Menshikova is buried - the wife of that same Menshikov, an associate of Peter I. for a long time there was a chapel on her grave, which disappeared in Soviet times. In general, in Verkhniy Uslon, Soviet, pre-revolutionary and modern times intertwined: next to the old church is Lenin, and on the next house there is a satellite dish. There are contrasts all around.
But we are looking for history. The most fierce battles in our region took place here during the Civil War - in August 1918. From the top of the mountain in Verkhniy Uslon - all Kazan in the palm of your hand! The remains of the fortifications of the White Guards are still preserved here and there is a cross over the precipice - "to the sons of Russia in 1918".
Whoever looks from this cliff at least once will forever remember the extraordinary view of the thousand-year-old city on the other side.
Nearby is the village of Pechischi. A cut in the mountain is notable here - the Permian layer came to the surface, which contains the remains of sea animals of previous eras. very rare!
And next to it is a mill. Heavy, German style. It belonged to the Okonishnikov brothers. And in 1941 the Belarusian poet Yanka Kupala lived here. We'll even visit his museum!
Slightly down the Volga is the Old Believer village of Nizhny Uslon. half of the village is Orthodox, half is Old Believer (respectively 2 churches, the highlight is the Old Believer prayer house). And, of course, a lot of interesting things about the Old Believers themselves! And on the streets there are cottages, then old carved wooden houses.
The village of Klyuchischi is famous for its church built in 1804 and a linden avenue left from the estate of the Marquis Paulucci.
All the way we will be accompanied by the Volga waves, beautiful views, wide fields.