Types of excursion tourism

Holidays in the mountains


Throughout its history, mankind has invented many types of recreation in the mountains. Mountains, as something inexpressibly beautiful, have attracted people since ancient times, but the creative nature of a person cannot be limited to admiring beautiful landscapes, sitting on a pebble warmed by the sun. I would like to come up with a goal, ways to throw off the burden of everyday life, or just entertainment that tickles your nerves. Again, there are plenty of places to admire that you need to make an effort or stock up on with the necessary equipment. And the practical part of human nature did not stand aside, deciding where to go when the aforementioned pebble cools down and night falls on the mountains, as well as what to eat in between admiring beautiful landscapes.

People thought, invented and adopted the experience of their ancestors, as a result, a great variety of types of recreation in the mountains appeared. In this article we will tell you about some of them, perhaps the most popular in the CIS.

Outdoor activities in the mountains

Active tourism in the mountains

Active rest is not the only way to spend time in the mountains. In addition to tours in which people use the strength of their own muscles to overcome obstacles, there is also the so-called "rest for the lazy".

  • Green tourism is a method of recreation in which tourists live in ecologically clean settlements. Many of us are familiar with this tourism from childhood, when we, abandoning all city entertainments like a video set-top box and a TV set, went to see our grandmother in the village. There was not always electricity or the usual amenities, but we ate organic food, the usefulness of which, however, still remained controversial. However, what was really indisputable was the positive effect of a clean environment on a growing organism. This is the same in our time: people tired of civilization come to ecologically clean villages of the Crimea and Carpathians to eat ecologically clean food and breathe fresh air.
  • Camping is a vacation in a tent camp in the mountains, forest or on the seashore. Most often, camping is arranged by the river, at the edge of the forest, where the shade can protect vacationers from the scorching rays of the sun. In the Crimean mountains there are several places where practical tourists got the hang of setting up campgrounds for the whole summer. For everyone who is interested in camping, the "Unknown World" Club recommends visiting a tent camp for the May holidays, or a seminar "Underwater World" at Cape Tarkhankut.
  • Pensions in the foothills. For example, in the foothills of the Crimea and the Carpathians, you can find boarding houses, the rest in which resembles green tourism, but it is suitable even for those who do not want to live in the countryside. In such boarding houses, the stake is placed on terrencourt - health-improving walks. However, the program often includes excursions to interesting natural sites, as well as horseback riding.

And this is not the whole list of types of recreation in the mountains. In reality, it is not possible to describe each of them. In addition, enterprising people every year invent new ways to actively (and not so much) spend time in the highlands.

Holidays in the mountains

Excursion and educational tourism is one of the most popular and ancient types of recreation. The history of its development goes back several hundred years.

The professional excursion business has been actively developing throughout the 20th century. This is a multifaceted recreational sector, which includes not only acquaintance with the heritage of history and culture, but also entertainment, hotel and restaurant services.

Tour duration

One-day tours are the simplest, from the point of view of organization, option for sightseeing trips. It is convenient in that it allows you to visit all the sights during the day, which means that the problem of accommodation for the night disappears by itself. This factor significantly reduces the cost, which cannot but attract tourists. Day trips are very popular with vacationers at seaside resorts. A short trip allows you to brighten up the monotonous leisure at the hotel and expand your own horizons.

The so-called "weekend trips" are no less in demand. They are calculated for up to 2-3 days and involve visiting several interesting places in the region at once. The main advantage of such trips is their short duration and the ability to quickly get ready for the trip. Potential travelers only need to familiarize themselves with the program, take the essentials and hit the road. There are several stops along the route with the possibility of overnight stay and meals.

The multi-day tour provides for a trip longer than 3 days. They are usually sold in seasonal packages and are timed to coincide with the vacation time of potential clients. Operators try to include the most popular and interesting programs in this type of excursion and educational tourism. The optimal duration of multi-day bus excursions is 7-15 days, stationary rest with visits to various attractions is about 2-3 weeks.

Geography of excursions

According to the distance of travel, the following types of excursion tourism are distinguished:

  • suburban ;
  • local ;
  • long distance ;
  • international.

Suburban travel is limited by time (1-2 days) and distance - up to 100-150 km, includes trips to nature or a picnic, sightseeing located near the city.

Throughout its history, mankind has invented many types of recreation in the mountains. Mountains, as something inexpressibly beautiful, have attracted people from ancient times.

Sports tourism is recreation that is accompanied by physical activity. This activity is popular with very active people who cannot sit still, and who like to spend time in a company and enjoy the beautiful views of nature. Tourist sports trips are carried out at the request of a certain number of people, go rafting or trekking, or, for example, go skiing. But no matter what kind of sports tourist is chosen, its main goal is invariable, but it consists in overcoming obstacles and fighting the elements.

How and when did sports tourism emerge

For the first time the term "sports tourism" is mentioned during the reign of Peter the Great, who, while in Germany, decided to climb the Brocken mountain in order to just see what was up there. And what Peter the Great saw on the mountain, and what he felt after he conquered it, he told his court after he returned to Russia. Peter the Great began to actively encourage such an activity, and it was very strange at that time, since then sports tourism was not particularly interesting to people. All that then attracted the nobles were health resorts and entertainment, but not sports.

Only a few years later they finally became interested in sports tourism, but this interest came exclusively from scientists who went on sports trips only to study the nature of the mountains and see what was inaccessible to the eye of an ordinary person.

And only in the USSR sports tourism still found its recognition among people. Basically, active young people who liked to combine work with rest and games were engaged in it. That is why, more and more often in Soviet times, competitions and hikes in the mountains began to be arranged, which were aimed at ensuring that people rally and develop their physical strength. In those days, no one thought that sports tourism could also provide an opportunity to experience extreme sensations.

In modern times, sports tourism is very popular and even has its own main functions. Firstly, it has a positive effect on the body, because a person who leads an active lifestyle is less sick and keeps his spiritual and physical strength in balance. Secondly, sport leads to the improvement of the body, and this is nowadays the main goal for many. And, thirdly, sports tourism still really educates society and teaches them to develop their personal qualities.

Types of sports tourism

Sports tourism is so popular now that if you look at it from a technical point of view, so many industries appeared in its technical plan that even Peter the Great did not believe that his first ascent of the mountain would give an impetus such development of sports tourism.

After studying all types of sports tourism, a special classification of its types was drawn up. So, sports tourism is divided into the following subclasses:

Walking or trekking. Such tourist sports can be practiced anywhere, since there is no need to place special equipment on the chosen route. It is best to go hiking in a forest, park or, for example, a lake.

Vacation and weekend are the right time for an active family, friendly or corporate holiday. Entertainment or sports activities in nature are useful for everyone who is engaged in mental and physical labor, but at the same time feels tired from monotonous work. Climatic conditions, season, fitness level and personal interests influence the choice of occupation.

Types and examples of outdoor activities

The Universal Internet Encyclopedia (Wikipedia) defines the concept of active rest as one of the ways to distract from work and study. Its participants use the intellectual and physical components, switch from the usual monotonous activities. While actively spending time, they go in for sports at a non-professional level, get acquainted with new types of leisure.

Active types of recreation include:

  • Sports and recreational trips: yoga, fitness tours.
  • Excursions, visits to museums and national parks.
  • Hunting, fishing.
  • Hiking, mountaineering.
  • Kitesurfing, surfing.
  • Extreme tours: jeep safari, rafting (rafting on mountain rivers).
  • Jailoo tours. The opportunity to visit places untouched by civilization and live in primeval conditions.

Tourism is considered part of outdoor activities. The travel industry is sport and physical. It is divided into many types: equestrian, motorcycle, water, ski, hiking and others. The number of options available is growing every year.

Benefits for children and adults

Active rest is opposed to passive time spent not burdened with physical activity. It consists in reading books, watching films, engaging in creativity (drawing, modeling, needlework). These types of leisure should alternate, since the body equally needs exercise and relaxation. However, the advantage remains on the side of physical activity, which develops endurance, tones up and gives the opportunity to get new impressions.

Active rest is useful at any age. Its main advantages:

  • Strengthening the immune system. Regular exercise in a moderate mode promotes the production of T-heller immune cells, which are the first to fight infectious and viral agents.
  • Activation of the brain. Getting new impressions and distraction from the usual activities stimulates mental activity.
  • Improving well-being. A change of scenery allows you to forget about the problems that load the brain and nervous system. A good way to avoid emotional distress is physical labor.
  • Improved performance, mood and self-esteem. Active rest is new sensations in which adrenaline is released into the bloodstream. The hormone increases stress resistance and pain threshold, accelerates reactions, and tones the body.
  • Normalization of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Strengthening the muscles.

Cultural tourism

This is the most popular type of outdoor activities, which accounts for up to 60% of the flow of tourists. It arose in the 18th century. together with the popular travel practice in Europe for the study of the fine arts. In the XIX century. the concept extended to merchants traveling for the purpose of commerce and broadening their horizons. With the development of aviation, this type of recreation has acquired a new meaning. People who are interested in the history or culture of a country can visit it and see objects in reality.

The peculiarities of cultural and educational recreation include:

Active rest is a great opportunity to gain vivid emotions, adrenaline, experience of overcoming oneself, gaining new knowledge and new feelings. You can have an active rest at any time of the year, in any season.

It may well be that you don't know all kinds of outdoor activities in another time. For example, in winter, how many kinds of skiing entertainment do you know? Think there is only snowboarding? Discover alpine or cross country skiing! With little experience of skiing or lack of natural conditions for downhill skiing, you will surely enjoy regular skiing trips. For them, no special conditions are needed, only snow.

Diversify your leisure time with fishing, hunting, hiking, horseback riding. This is a versatile vacation for any season.

Forget the opportunities to actively spend your holidays not only for holidays, but also:

  • during the holidays;
  • during the weekend;
  • during the Christmas holidays etc. ...

The benefits of being active

Active rest is not just a pleasant pastime:

  • active rest helps to increase physical activity, it helps to maintain the performance of muscles and organ systems, gives excellent health and vigor;
  • such rest contributes to a healthy lifestyle;
  • gives a lot of positive;
  • gives a huge boost of adrenaline;
  • this is a good distraction from problems; fresh air, sun, water, nature; unloading for the brain
  • relaxation is available at any age;
  • not expensive;
  • an experience that will be remembered for a long time;
  • a great opportunity to explore and knowledge;
  • a reason for new amazing photos and videos;
  • the opportunity to play sports with family, friends, team.

Tourism & Travel

Tourism as a vacation has become popular not so long ago, with the appearance of paid vacation. People were able to make trips lasting several weeks or months. Today trips have become both cognitive and useful. The health benefits of the various resorts have caused a peak in their popularity.

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