Types and types of bicycles, complete list

TOP-10 Rating of the best mountain bikes 2019-2020 of the year

Mountain bikes (MTB for short) are bicycles that are designed primarily for off-road riding (not excluding the opposite), which is why they have a slightly different design from other "two-wheelers".

Mountain bikes generally have a number of "characteristic features":

Recommendations for selection

Choosing a mountain bike is not an easy task, but the first thing to do here is to decide how and on what terrain the "iron horse" will be mainly used: on smooth asphalt paths, country roads, in forest belts and parks, or on really serious rough terrain.

  • For driving on roads where asphalt pavement prevails, "amateur" rigs and hardtails with a steel or aluminum frame are quite suitable (the second option in this case is more durable and lighter), simple attachments and 26-inch wheels.

For those who especially appreciate the level of comfort - a more optimal choice would be a full-suspension version, but also a "budget" class.

  • If the "habitat" of your mountain bike consists mainly of rough terrain, then in this case, the savings will definitely be out of place. Here it is already better to take a closer look at more "advanced" models with a frame made of aluminum or carbon fiber (it all depends on financial capabilities), 27.- or 29-inch wheels, disc brakes, at least an entry-class body kit and shock absorption (both front and "round").
  • If, on your skiing routes, paved roads and rough terrain alternate, then again you should make a choice in favor of a hardtail or two-suspension, along the way having decided on the level of your "professional suitability". For example, for leisurely cycling trips, even hybrids or simple cross country bikes are suitable, while more experienced riders will satisfy mountain bikes for cross country or all mountain
  • The Cross Country Mountain Bike is one of the most versatile MTB options, not only for competition and intense training, but also prepared for everyday use on city streets and outings ... These bikes have a very clear design and are equipped, as a rule, with good attachments, which makes handling them easy even for novice cyclists ...

    It is for this reason that the most comfortable (but rather expensive) "station wagon" can be called a "cross-country hardtail" ... but in the case of limited financial resources, "compromise hybrids" can become a good choice.

    Female Models

    In the lines of most leading bicycle manufacturers there are mountain bikes designed specifically for the "fair sex", which makes it as easy as possible to purchase such "two-wheelers" - all that remains is to choose the optimal model size taking into account height, weight, physical capabilities, and other important parameters.

    Mountain bike

    Which bike to choose? Mountain or city?

    How to choose the right bike that will satisfy all your needs, will delight you during every trip, easy to maintain, reliable and beautiful? If you are a beginner and are asking this question, we recommend that you conditionally divide all bicycles into two main types: mountain and city.

    Ask yourself:

    Do I have experience with mountain/city bikes?

    If you've used a mountain bike or city bike before, your next purchase will be much easier. You already understand the advantages of different types of bicycles, how and where you can ride them, you understand why you need or not need a front suspension.

    If you have sufficient experience with this or that type of bike, then the next choice is narrower for you and concerns a separate article with recommendations.

    This article is aimed primarily at beginners who have decided to purchase the first modern bicycle.

    Where am I going to cycle?

    The question is laconic and simple. One hundred percent universal bikes do not exist. It's like cars. Take, for example, the Porsche 911 supercar - it is an ideal car for the autobahn, a good track, at the same time comfortable for the city, a kind of minimalist for the egoist.

    But he will no longer be able to hold a couple of large suitcases, conquer a high curb, or go off-road.

    Another version of the Porsche Cayenne is a versatile crossover that will be fast enough on the highway and comfortable in the city, will cope well with light off-road conditions, but in everything it will be a compromise: not fast enough on the track, not efficient enough off-road, too big for the city.

    A closer look at the concept of a mountain bike. Description of the varieties and recommendations for the best choice (based on riding style and financial capabilities).

    If you've been mountain biking or simply interested in mountain biking lately, you've probably heard of the rise in popularity of 29er big wheel 29er mountain bikes among hikers. Mountain bikes with 29 "wheels are receiving positive reviews from cyclists around the world and very little negative. Now we can safely say that mountain bikes with 29" wheels will be in bicycle tourism.

    But on the other hand, claims that the traditional 26-inch mountain bike is on the verge of extinction are premature. There is no doubt that the number of cyclists who buy 29-inch mountain bikes is constantly growing. So should you choose 29 "Niner or 26" mountain bike? Let's consider their pros and cons.

    Disadvantages and advantages of the niner

    So what are the advantages of a 29 "wheel on a bicycle? The 29er models offer several huge advantages over their smaller cousins:

    • more momentum from one pedal revolution, which increases the bike's mileage per pedal revolution;
    • a larger 29-inch tire contact area during the ride, which increases traction and control on ups and downs;
    • a higher "angle of attack", which means the wheels overcome obstacles with less jerk, thereby reducing fatigue and making the road "smoother".

    Cyclists argue that niners provide a feeling of greater stability and control, while reducing the "sketchiness" of the action, which makes the ride even more relaxed. This means less excitement - more confidence and comfort.

    That's all well and good, but what about the disadvantages of large wheels on a bike? We can say that the ratio of gains and losses is optimal: a small increase in weight due to an increase in wheel mass and a slower initial acceleration after stopping. That's all the disadvantages!

    Who should definitely buy a bike "?

    For the vast majority of cyclists, buying a niner will be the best option. For men and women of short stature, there are smaller 29er models.

    The main reason niners may not be suitable for undersized riders is the height of the top tube. Niners are usually taller than mountain bikes with 26-inch wheels. Small cyclists may also face other problems such as touching the wheels with their feet and not being able to adjust the height of the handlebars. The 29er bikes are available in medium, large and extra large frame sizes, as well as small frames and special women's frames that are just starting to come into fashion.

    If your height is less than 1.7 meters, then most likely you should give up buying a niner and buy a regular mountain bike with 26-inch wheels. If you are taller than 1.7 meters, then the 29er bike is the best choice for you. Cyclists taller than 1.82 meters will experience the greatest benefits of the 29er, as the 29er's size and design make your body position more natural during times.

    Choosing a Niner

    Off-road bikes

    Mountain bike

    You can find other names of it: MTB, ATB, mountain-bike, hardtail, sixxter, niner. By purpose, this type can be divided into bicycles for downhill, freeride, dirt, street, cross-country.

    This is the most popular and widespread type of bicycle. Designed for off-road driving. But modern cyclists use mountain bikes to ride everything from dead ground to perfectly flat highways.

    Outwardly, such a bike is easy to identify. It is characterized by a massive, solid frame, wheels with wide tires and toothed tread, a shock-absorbing fork, a large number of gears, rim or disc brakes.

    For specific tasks, a mountain bike is equipped in completely different ways, it all depends on whether you want to ride on country roads or participate in competitions overcoming difficult obstacles. Bicycle prices start at $ 200 and can reach several thousand.

    For more information on the types of mountain bikes and their attachments, you can read the article at this link.

    Considering modern bicycles, the classification cannot ignore mountain bikes.

    Full suspension bike

    This is essentially the same mountain bike, but on these bikes there is shock absorption on both the front and rear wheels. Rear damping is much more difficult than front (forks) damping. Each manufacturer strives to create their own unique rear suspension design.

    They can be conventionally divided into two types:

    It is very important to choose just such a model of a bicycle so that a person would be as comfortable as possible on it. There are hundreds of different mountain bike models currently available. Each of them has characteristic advantages and disadvantages inherent in a strictly defined line and manufacturer. Choosing the best is not easy. However, after studying the characteristics of mountain bikes, having read hundreds of positive and negative user reviews, the opinions of recognized experts in the field, as well as people who are professionally involved in mountain bikes, I have selected worthy models that should be given priority attention.

    Mountain bike selection options


    The first thing to consider when choosing any bike is the frame size that suits your height.

    The numbers below will help you navigate:

    1. XS (up to 14 inches or 35 cm) - frames of this size are suitable for children and adolescents from 135 to 155 cm.

    2. S (16 ″ or 40.6 cm) - for short athletes with a height of 150-165 cm.

    3. M (18 ″ or 45.7 cm) - the best option for the average person 165-178 cm.

    4. L (20 ″ or 50.8 cm) - for tall cyclists from 170 to 185 cm.

    5. XL (22 ″ or 55.8 cm) - Extra large frames for people up to 195 cm tall.

    6. XXL (24 ″, 61 cm) - an option for those who are taller than 190-200 cm.

    Frame material

    One of the most important parameters that determines the weight, durability and cost of a mountain bike.

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