While the seaside neighbors are developing tourism not in words, but in deeds, representatives of the tourism industry of the Khabarovsk Territory are still looking for a fulcrum that will allow to turn not the Earth, but the position in the industry. The region needs a strong brand, tour operators are sure. But how to find in our places something that will surely attract foreigners? - The participants of the round table at the IV Far Eastern Forum of Entrepreneurs tried to find an answer to this question.
People don't come to us?
According to the data of the Tourism Administration of the Khabarovsk Territory, the industry's share in the GRP (gross regional product) over the past year has increased by as much as 13 percent! In 2018, revenues to the regional budget from enterprises of the tourism industry also increased by 16 percent. But one should not rejoice ahead of time: the contribution of tourism to the economy of the region, even after a seemingly significant growth, is only 0.5 percent. And there are, after all, even in Russia regions, the economy of which largely depends on tourists, for example, the Krasnodar Territory.
The Primorsky Territory is also growing. If in 2018 there were about 780 thousand foreign tourists, then in our region there are only 55 thousand. Perhaps the difference in tourist flows is not so critical: the counting systems in various departments are the sore throat of the industry. But other indicators also indicate that the neighbors are ahead of the Khabarovsk Territory by a head.
In 2018, Primorye was visited by 780 thousand foreign tourists, the Khabarovsk Territory - 55 thousand. The revenues of the hospitality industry also differ significantly: we have 1.18 billion rubles against three billion for our neighbors.
For the first half of 2018, ROSSTAT gives the following figures: the Khabarovsk Territory earned 1.18 billion rubles from hotel services, and Primorye - three billion. The difference is almost threefold. The Primorsky Department of Tourism indicates that in 2018 422 thousand Chinese came to them, of which 365 thousand were for tourist purposes. What do we have? The Department of Tourism of our region does not make a difference between those who enter, but dryly indicates - 25 thousand citizens of the PRC per year.
At the same time, Primor residents boast of a record growth in tourist traffic in 2018 - the region was visited by 20 percent more travelers than in 2017! Against this background, our growth of 15 percent with initially fewer tourists does not seem so impressive.
The shortage of tourists affects not only travel agencies and hotels. This fall, Khabarovsk airport opened a modern international terminal and almost immediately ran into problems. Airlines would be happy to launch additional routes and use the regional capital as a transit zone, but the Khabarovsk side cannot guarantee loading. Who will fly through us?
As part of the Ecology national project, the Khabarovsk Territory took part in the All-Russian competition for the creation of tourist and recreational clusters and the development of ecological tourism in the Russian Federation, organized by the Agency for Strategic Initiatives to Promote New Projects. And entered the top 34 in the country. But everything is in order. ecological tourism
In July of this year, the regional tourism department of the Ministry of Culture submitted two projects for the competition: “Whales of the Sea of Okhotsk. Khabarovsk Territory "and" Miao-Chan ". And here is the good news - our "whale" project got into the top 34 (initially it was in the top 30, but later four more regions were added there - Auth.) Of the best projects for the development of territories. The next step is the second stage of the educational block, where only ten out of 34 projects will be selected.
As stated on the website of the competition, in the future, the winning projects will have the opportunity to create tourist and recreational clusters within the framework of the integrated development of specially protected natural areas. For our region, this is an additional opportunity for the development of such a direction as ecotourism.
For an explanation, we turned to Mikhail Safronov, head of the department for the implementation of state programs and investment projects in the field of tourism of the tourism department of the Ministry of Culture of the Khabarovsk Territory. And that's what he told us.
- Ecological tourism focuses primarily on visiting specially protected areas, which include reserves, wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, - said Mikhail Gennadievich. - To begin with, I will give the following figures. According to statistics, in our country, about 40 percent of the population lives within a radius of 30 kilometers from these territories, and at the same time, about 50 percent of the country's population has never been to nature reserves or national parks. Therefore, along with cultural, educational, industrial and cruise tourism, the development of ecotourism is a priority in the Khabarovsk Territory. Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin spoke about this, in particular.
- Of course, we need to develop infrastructure and improve logistics for the delivery of tourist groups to places of unique beauty, such as, for example, the Shantar Islands, as soon as possible, - Mikhail Safronov emphasized.
- But what will participation in this competition give us? Any money for the construction of hotels, recreation centers?
- The fact is that it is too early to talk about any financial opportunities that participation and victory in this competition gives. The competition is designed, first of all, to "swing" the situation in ecotourism. Rather, it is an image component that will give an impetus to the development of our territory. A total of 115 applications from 68 constituent entities of the Russian Federation were received for the competition. The competition is held in two stages. In the first, we won. But this is not yet the final victory, although the first step has already been taken. We still have a lot of work to do to win the second stage.
Within the framework of the project “Whales of the Sea of Okhotsk. Khabarovsk Territory ”, created jointly with its initiators (LLC“ Travel Center DV ”and JSC“ Khabarovsk Airport ”), it is planned to develop tourist infrastructure and, in the future, create a large center for whale tourism. According to experts, this result can be achieved thanks to the improvement of the logistics scheme for delivery to the islands.
According to the regional government's tourism department, the project is planned to be implemented on the southern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, including the unique territory of the Shantar Islands National Park.
- Since we are talking about unique territories located in our region, will the implementation of this project harm the ecosystem of the Shantar Islands National Park? Did you agree on this project with someone?
About three-quarters of the area of the Khabarovsk Territory is occupied by plateaus and mountains that are part of the vast mountain systems and ridges of Dzhugdzhur, Badzhal, Sikhote-Alin, Khingan and others. Mountainous relief prevails on 70% of the territory of the region.
In the east, there are the Sikhote-Alin ridges (with the highest point being the Tardoki-Yani mountain, 2077 m) and the Coastal; in the southwest - the Turan, Badzhal, Bureinsky, Yam-Alin ridges (with heights from 750 ÷ 1000 m to 2000 ÷ 2500 m); in the north - Suntar-Khayata and Yudomsky (with heights up to 2933 m); in the northwest, the Yudomo-Maiskoye Upland (with an altitude of 800-1200 m).
The north of the Khabarovsk Territory is a place of conglomeration of several vast mountain ranges at once - Yudomsky, Dzhugdzhur and Suntar-Khayata. The mountain slopes and watersheds are almost entirely covered with cedar elfin, and the intermontane river valleys are covered with forests.
All significant heights of the Khabarovsk Territory are of interest for ascents, but Mount Beryl (2934 m), the highest point of the Khabarovsk Territory, is of the greatest interest. The southern mountains of the region are not so high, but they are also popular among tourists. The most frequently visited peaks of Dzhugdzhur, Dusse-Alin, Yam-Alin, Geran, Badzhal and Sikhote-Alin.
The Konder ring ridge in the Ayano-Maisky region is rightfully considered a unique natural object of world importance. The diameter of the ring is 8 km and inside it some of the largest platinum placers in Russia have been discovered and are being successfully developed.
There are small volcanoes in the Amur Valley, on the islands of Bolshoy Ussuriisky and Yadasen. Of great interest is the Shishlovsky volcano near the village of Mariinsky, the volcano in the lower reaches of the Tumnin and other volcanoes of the East Sikhote-Alin belt. There are also high cliffs that reveal thick layers of sedimentary rocks, among which you can find fossilized remains of animals and plants. A striking example of such fossils is the stone forest of the Siziman Bay in the Tatar Strait. In mountain ranges with a height of more than 1800 meters, traces of ancient glaciers (circuses, kars, etc.) are almost everywhere, forming picturesque landscapes.
Tordoki-Yani is a mountain peak of the Amur region, located in the southeast of the Khabarovsk Territory. It is the highest point (2090.4 m) of the Sikhote-Alin mountain system and one of the highest mountains in Russia as a whole.
Suntar-Khayata is a mountain range located on the territory of Yakutia and the Khabarovsk Territory. It stretches for 450 km from the headwaters of the Tompo River to the watershed of the Inya and Ulbeya rivers.
Tourism in the Khabarovsk Territory is distinguished by the prevalence of outbound over inbound tourism. Domestic tourist resources in the region are mainly natural. Sports tourism is developed in green areas around cities such as Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Amursk. The Amur River flows through the territory of the region, which in the species diversity of fish in the Northern Hemisphere ranks second after the Mississippi.
In the all-Russian rating of tourist attractiveness, the Khabarovsk Territory took ninth place out of 40 regions.
Located on the border of Yakutia and the Khabarovsk Territory. This is a land of extraordinary beauty, one of the most inaccessible and hardly visited regions of Russia.
The main ski resorts of the region are the bases "Spartak", "Dersu" near Khabarovsk, "Kholdomi" and "Amut Snowleik" near Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
In the region it is carried out both in the form of extreme sports rafting, and in the form of hunting, fishing and ecological tourism; most often they are combined. The most popular rafting on mountain rivers. For sports rafting, the rivers of the Bureya basin are used: Yaurin, Niman, Akishma and Tuyun, where there are many rapids, shivers, rocky clamps, corridors.
Rafting on the rivers of the Badzhal ridge during floods is possible.
One of the most beautiful and unique corners of untouched nature - the Shantar archipelago. The inaccessibility of the islands made it possible to preserve nature in all its primordiality. The Shantar Islands are a habitat and breeding ground for whales, seals and killer whales. The landscapes of the islands are striking in their beauty, these are sheer jasper cliffs, waterfalls up to 100 meters and wildflowers in the ice.
Tourism in the Khabarovsk Territory is distinguished by the prevalence of outbound over inbound tourism. Domestic tourist resources in the region are mainly natural. Sports tourism is developed in green areas around cities such as Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Amursk. The Amur River flows through the territory of the region, which in the species diversity of fish in the Northern Hemisphere ranks second after the Mississippi. 
In the all-Russian rating of tourist attractiveness, the Khabarovsk Territory took ninth place out of 40 regions. 
Tourist seasons 
The climate of the Khabarovsk Territory is monsoon. It is characterized by cold winters with little snow and humid hot summers. This is due to the fact that in winter winds blowing from the mainland bring dry air, and in summer winds from the Pacific Ocean bring precipitation.
The coldest month is January: the average temperature is from −22 ° С (in the south) to −40 ° С (in the north), the hottest is July, when the temperature can reach + 35 ° С + 40 ° C. The seasons in the Khabarovsk Territory are clearly expressed throughout the entire territory. At the same time, different parts of it have their own characteristics, due to the unequal influence of the sea.
Spring is characterized by long duration and unstable weather. In the northern regions, it occurs 1-1.5 months later.
Summer is hot, with the exception of the coastal sea zone. There is usually little rainfall in June. In July - early August, tropical air masses with high air humidity come to the southern regions. Autumn, especially its beginning, is the best time of the year. During this period, dry warm weather sets in. A sharp drop in temperatures begins in mid-November. In the northern regions, autumn comes a month earlier. The winter is characterized by cloudless weather with severe frosts, often accompanied by winds. On the coast, frosts are somewhat weaker. It is this period that is offered to tourists who want to admire the harsh beauty of winter Russia. The best seasons for traveling to the Khabarovsk Territory: late spring - early summer and late summer - early autumn.
Water tourism 
Overview of the route from the Sofia Valley through the Irkiz pass to the Sofia Lakes, Lake Aimatly-Dzhagaly and back. 11 hours of walking in a company with children 10 years old.