Tourism in European countries is very well developed and therefore Europeans receive the largest number of tourists from other countries. In 1989-1997, the total number of foreign tourists who arrived in Europe rose to 350 million, and the funds received from international tourism almost doubled. However, in general, the share of European tourism in world tourism is gradually decreasing.
Countries receiving the largest cash inflows from tourism: Germany (19%), UK (10%), France (7%), Denmark (6%)
Reasons for the decline in European tourism: 1. Aging of the tourist product of European countries (Greece and Italy); 2. Inflated prices for tourist tours in northern European countries (Great Britain, Sweden); 3. Ethnic and socio-economic problems in Eastern European countries; 4. The growing popularity of tours of the countries of South-East Asia; 5. The UK is known for its best general education standard. 6. Northern Europe specializes in ecological tourism (Scandinavia and Ireland).
Recreational resources of Greece Thanks to its advantageous geographical location, warm climate and the presence of a huge cultural and historical wealth, Greece is as if it was created for international tourism. In general, the country is a unique collection of historical monuments of ancient culture. Almost every city has certain sights (museums, theaters, ruins of circuses, cult and temple buildings). Also, tourists are strongly attracted by: the most beautiful nature of the state; many types for outdoor activities and entertainment, souvenirs and other goods for tourist demand; a long coastline, which is entirely suitable for organizing sea tourist resorts, delicious and plentiful national cuisine, as well as the traditional hospitality of the Greeks and their hospitality. Greece is, as it were, divided into several regions, which, in their own way, are rich in various tourist resources and are attractive for guests of the country.
Recreational resources of ItalyItaly is a classic country for tourism. For a long time, it has remained a stable, specialized recreational country, visited mainly by tourists from Western Europe. Italy is a land of great art, historic cities of remembrance, and a land of excellent cuisine. It has a lot of charm and a lot of oblivion, many beautiful places that you really want to visit, visit and which are world famous. Italy is a theater of European states where millions of tourists “theater-goers” from all over the world want to come to see it. The most attractive and visited cities in Italy are still Rome, Venice, Florence, which concentrate most of the historical monuments of the development of Italian culture.
Portugal's recreational resources When evaluating Portugal from a tourist point of view, you can evaluate and describe it as follows: it is excellent sandy beaches, romantic historic castles, charming old villages, excellent restaurants with rich cuisine and wonderful folklore ... Portuguese cities have well preserved their historical appearance and ancient architecture. The main advantage of Portugal is incomparable, is the excellent climate, because it is never cold here. In Lisbon, in the first months of the year in January and February, the average daily temperature is +8 degrees, and the average maximum daytime temperature is + 14-15 degrees. It is also important that in the summer, even in the hottest weather, it is never particularly hot there.
Recreational resources of England The peculiar climate, characterized by eternal fog, drizzling rain, all this is a visiting card of England. Cobblestone streets, Tower, Big Ben, Trafalgar Square. It is in England that this huge variety of different cultural attractions is located. Describing English cultural monuments, you can spend hours talking about their rich history. Everyone knows that England is a conservative country, the British will never deviate from their habits and traditions. This is what determines many aspects of the life of any Englishman. Every Englishman still strives to live separately, trying to have his own house, even in apartment buildings separate entrances are made. It is this conservatism that attracts many European foreigners to visit this country to imbue the spirit of conservatism, see English architecture and drink real English freshly brewed beer.
“Economic and social geography of foreign countries. Methodology for teaching the course in secondary school "
“Characteristics of the tourist resources of the countries of Foreign Europe. Tourist zoning of Foreign Europe. »
Gladysheva Alexandra Nikolaevna
You cannot travel all over Europe in one trip, and no one offers you to do this. Below, in context, suggested route options for various regions of the continent, from the Moorish palaces of Spain to the village of Santa Claus in the Arctic Circle. Tourism in Europe on the "Grand Tour" is ideal for those who would like to see European attractions, but are limited in time. Each route takes two to three weeks, but one must take into account that there are so many interesting and popular places in Europe that you can stay for a long time.
UK and Ireland
1). London - One of the largest cities in the world consumes a lot of energy and money for entertainment and historical sites that have few analogues;
2). Cambridge - The famous university town offers a river walk, university architecture and a student beer hall;
3). York - The perfect place for those wishing to immerse themselves in British history, where you can walk from the Viking museum through medieval streets to the Gothic cathedral and the railway museum;
4). Edinburgh - The Scottish capital has a lot to offer: spectacular cityscapes, bustling bars and an international festival (if you have time);
5). Highlands - The highest and most remote region of Britain for those who want to take a break from the hustle and bustle;
6). Lake District - A breathtaking area among mountains and lakes, where there are many visitors, you will not have the opportunity to be alone;
7). Carnarvon Castle - The most impressive and magnificent castle in North Wales;
Europe deserves to be synonymous with art and culture, science and enlightenment. As part of the continent of Eurasia, it consists of 43 countries. Europe is home to about an eighth of the entire population of our planet. With excellent so-called baseline data, this region is a completely boring and cultural corner of the globe.
It is rich in religious relics, monuments of sculpture, painting, architecture, various historical and architectural monuments that have been created by people over many centuries. Tourism in Europe is very popular today, because the vast majority of the population of the planet Earth wants to visit resorts in the summer, go skiing in winter, contemplate a huge number of world-famous attractions. The gradual development of tourism in Europe has contributed to the formation of various types of recreation.
Everyone will be able to choose a vacation to their taste. For those who prefer excursion routes, want to replenish their knowledge base with all sorts of historical facts, see many memorials, buildings that have survived to this day, countries such as Great Britain, France, Germany are suitable. Tourism to Europe for beach lovers is offered by such countries as Spain, Bulgaria, Italy, Crete.
If you have a great desire to start looking for spiritual food, it is best to visit Italy, Bulgaria or Greece. People who hate being bored, visiting excursions, wanting to have a good time, they should hit the road to Monte Carlo, soak up the Cote d'Azur, located in the southeast of France, or take plane tickets to the Spanish island of Ibiza. However, when there is a desire, a person can easily find rest for his soul and mood.
The Apennine boot, covered with a lot of snow, is a rather high mountain system located in the western part of Europe. The magnificent peaks of the Alps can be seen in each of the eight countries listed below. These include Monaco, France, Slovenia and Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein and Austria.
Tourism to Europe, where you can admire the beauty of mountain peaks, idyllic villages, crystal clear lakes, is now very attractive for tourists. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that countries in the Alpine region are content with maximizing the benefits of geographic location.
The benefits are as follows: in the summer, the Alps become one of the main resorts for recovery and treatment, while in winter these mountains attract ski enthusiasts, therefore they occupy a leading position among the many mountain resorts. It is worth noting, despite the various existing types of tourism, in recent years a new option, called ecotourism, is gaining popularity. Here everyone can enjoy the untouched nature, get to know the cultural, ethnographic features of the region without violating the integrity of ecosystems.
Alps. The Alpine mountain region is part of several states: Switzerland and Austria are located on its territory. The northern parts of the region are part of the Federal Republic of Germany, the western parts of France, and the southern parts of Italy. The eastern spurs of the Alps enter the territory of Hungary, the southeastern ridges - within the boundaries of Yugoslavia.
Sometimes it is customary to talk about the Swiss, French, Italian Alps, etc. However, this division by political affiliation does not always correspond to natural differences. The Alps themselves begin at the shores of the Mediterranean Sea by the system of the Maritime Alps, bordering the Apennines.
Then they stretch along the border of France and Italy in the meridional direction of the Kotsky and Graysky Alps, which are composed of crystalline rocks and reach great heights.
The massifs of Pelvo (4100 m), Gran Paradiso (4061 m) and the highest massif of the Mont Blanc Alps with a five-topped peak (4810 m), located at the junction of the borders of France, Italy and Switzerland, stand out especially.
From the Mont Blanc massif, the Alps turn quite sharply to the east. There are two parallel rows of powerful ridges, composed of crystalline rocks and limestones. Especially majestic are the Bernese and Penine Alps, separated by the longitudinal valley of the upper Rhone.
In this part of the mountains, the giant glacier-covered massifs of Jungfrau (4158 m) and Fisteraarhorn (4274 m), Weisshorn (4505 m) and Matterhorn (4477 m) and the second highest massif of the Alps - Monte Rosa rise (the main peak is Dufour peak, 4634 m). Slightly lower in height are the parallel ridges of the Lepontine and Glarne Alps.
The Glarne Alps are inferior in height to the Bernese; their main peak is Tedi (3620 m). The middle of the Alps is crossed by a deep valley that runs from Lake Constance to Lake Como. It divides the Alps into Western and Eastern. The Eastern Alps extend in a latitudinal direction, their height is less than that of the Western Alps.
The Swiss Alps to the east of the large transverse trough continue in the northern chain of the Rhaetian Alps and the southern chain of the Berlin Alps, separated by the upper course of the river. Inn (Bernina massif, 4052 m). The eastern continuation of the Rhaetian and Bernine Alps is the Ötztal Alps in the north (3774 m) and the Ortles massif in the south (3899 m).
The Ötztal and Ortles Alps are bounded in the east by a meridional hollow with the Brenner watershed pass. Further, the alpine strip of the Alps narrows and is expressed in the form of one main axial ridge, called the Zillertal Alps (3510 m) and the Hohe Tauern (Grossglockner peak - 3798 m).
Hohe Tauern passes in the east to Low Tauern (2863 m). The extreme eastern part of the mountains - the Styrian Alps - are of medium height, they abruptly break off to the Middle Danube lowland.
There is a divergence of the ridge system, and the southern branch - the Julian Alps - joins the Dinaric Mountains of the Balkan Peninsula, and the northern branch is cut off by the basin of the Vienna Basin, behind which the Alps continue in the form of the Carpathian arc. In the north, the Vorarlberg and the Algean Alps stretch out, passing into the Salzburg and Austrian Prealps.
In the south, between lakes Como and Garda, the Lombard Prealps rise, to the east of the middle Adige - the Dolomites of South Tyrol; further to the east - the Venetian Prealps (with the ranges of the Carnic Alps, Karavanke and Julian Alps). There are 80 four-thousanders in the Alps.
Despite the low altitude of the mountains, there are an abundance of rock routes up to the VI category of difficulty, mostly sheer walls. The total area of modern glaciation is 4140 km2; of which 2,690 km2 are in the Western Alps and 1,450 km2 in the Eastern Alps. There are over 2000 glaciers in the Alps, including many large valley glaciers.
Equestrian tourism: description of the types, basic concepts, purpose, photo, video. Equestrian tourism includes elements of active recreation and sports. A person gets pleasure from getting to know nature, communicating with