The Second International Innovative Mining Symposium was held in Kemerovo on the basis of the Kuzbass State Technical University. It was attended by scientists conducting research related to the mining industry, managers and engineers of coal enterprises in Russia, as well as employees of Rostekhnadzor. To participate in the symposium, not only Russian, but also foreign specialists came, in particular, scientists from Germany and Slovakia. What problems were discussed at the sections and round tables, read the review from the correspondent of Sibdepo.
What has not been called as the notorious "engine" of technical progress! Over the past 200 years, the main contenders for this title have been war, greed and, oddly enough, laziness. But the most educated and sane representatives of the species homo sapiens, in the old fashioned way, continue to consider science to be such a "engine". And in order for this engine to work as efficiently as possible and increase momentum, scientists from all over the world exchange knowledge and solve pressing problems together. A striking example of such cooperation is the International Innovative Mining Symposium, which is being held for the second time by the Kuzbass State Technical University.
The Symposium is an excellent opportunity to discuss topical issues in the mining industry, both for practitioners - business leaders and officials, and for theorists - scientists and leaders of research centers. More than 200 representatives of science and more than 150 managers and engineers of coal industry enterprises took part in the symposium. There was, of course, a third, extremely interested party - students, who were given the opportunity to get first-hand the most relevant, "hot" information and an idea of how the industry lives with which they are going to connect their careers.
“It is very important that students have a clear idea of how things are at the moment with mining or environmental problems. Personally, in my report and during my participation in round tables, I intend to open up prospects for the young participants that they can use in the near future, ”Chehlar Michal, Dean of the Mining Faculty of the Technological University of the Slovak Republic, shared his plans.
We propose to consider in detail the most important, in our opinion, directions to which the work of the sections and round tables of the symposium was devoted.
The Symposium is officially dedicated to the Year of Ecology in Russia. Naturally, this direction was one of the priorities. However, regardless of the year, this is an extremely important problem that coal miners around the world are working to solve. Unfortunately, the extraction of coal (or any other minerals) today is impossible without causing damage to nature. But it is humanly possible to make this damage to a minimum, and at the end of mining operations - to compensate for it.
“Coal mining should be environmentally friendly - this is perhaps the most important task in the light of international projects, in particular the Paris Agreement. The Symposium provides us with an excellent opportunity to discuss this issue with leading scientists and practitioners. Opportunities for proper coal mining exist - this is reclamation, I emphasize - correct reclamation. This is the construction of advanced treatment facilities. In Kuzbass, seven such structures were commissioned this year. But a lot can be improved in this direction, ”- Sergey Vysotsky, head of the Department of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Kemerovo Region, described the situation.
During his report, Sergei Vysotsky also described the scope of work in Kuzbass for modern mining ecologists and for their followers (first of all, today's students of KuzGTU). It turns out that recultivators will not remain without work for a long time - today there are about 70 thousand hectares of land in the region, where the ecosystem has been destroyed over the entire period of coal mining in the region. At the moment, only 15 thousand hectares have been restored.
Of course, most of the sections during the symposium were devoted to issues directly related to mining. "Engineering and Transport Systems of the Mining Industry" is one of the most interesting sections that worked during the symposium. Here Stefan Föt presented his developments and shared his experience - professor at the Higher School of Engineering. Georg Agricola from Bochum, Germany. In particular, Herr Feth devoted a lot of time to the pride of his school - high-speed lifts for mining companies. In the development of this technology, he sees the future of logistics in the coal mining industry. In addition, the participants of the section had an excellent opportunity to compare the development paths of mining engineering in Russia and Germany.
And in the section "Power systems, electrical equipment and automation in mining", one of the central topics was the joint project of Kuzbass scientists "Deserted mine of the XXI" century. The complete absence of people in the mines is the only way to make the mining of coal or other minerals absolutely safe. In other words, it is better to fix remotely controlled vehicles than to endanger people. However, the authors of the project remain realistic and admit that for the appearance of at least one such mine, a lot of work still needs to be done. Therefore, no less interest was aroused by the reports on the safety of coal mining by live miners. According to the information provided by the participants of the section "Industrial and environmental safety at mining enterprises", the achievements of scientists are effective - injuries in mines are steadily decreasing, although they have not yet reached the desired zero point.
“At the moment, the statistics are as follows: one person dies for 20 million tons of coal mined. Of course, no one is insured against such cases as at the Severnaya mine last year. But injuries during mining operations have a steady downward trend, ”said Yuri Filatov, Director General of JSC NC“ VostNII ”at the plenary session of the symposium.
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