Many animals are on the verge of extinction thanks to humans. nor mercilessly destroyed and continue to destroy rare animals. And here is just a small list of those representatives of the fauna that are on the verge of complete extinction.
Mammals are the heaviest and largest in Europe. These are the last European representatives of wild bulls. Previously, bison lived in mixed and deciduous forests of Central, Western and Southeastern Europe, Transcaucasia, the Caucasus and Northern Iran. However, due to the ruthless hunting of animals by people, as well as drainage of swamps and deforestation, the "house" of bison practically ceased to exist. By 1927, there were only 48 specimens of powerful animals in the world. -------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------- Scientists are concerned about the rapid disappearance bison and identified small areas of the forest where animals could freely live and reproduce. As a result, there are now about 3 thousand individuals in the world, about 100 are kept in captivity.
This is a large flightless bird. Typically, an adult grows up to 1.5 meters in length and weighs approximately 80 kilograms. Cassowaries live in tropical forests in northeastern Australia and New Guinea. However, the place of residence of the giant bird is quickly mastered by humans. Wild dogs and pigs reduce the number of livestock, they eat chicks and bird eggs.
Now the population of the helmet cassowary is only 1.5 thousand individuals.
The rarest and most bizarre crocodile in the world. Due to the constant decline in habitats of gharials and the destruction of fish stocks, by 1970 there were almost no individuals left. But India has developed programs for the artificial breeding of rare crocodiles. This helped to increase the number of gavials to 1.5 thousand. But even now this rare animal in the world continues to die.
Crocodiles become entangled in fishing nets, and their eggs continue to be collected for medical purposes. Males are hunted because of the growths on the nose, which are considered excellent aphrodisiacs.
The animal is known all over the world, because it is the giant panda that is drawn on the emblem of the World Wildlife Fund. But the popularity of these cute bears does not help to escape from extinction. The pandas, which are located in South Asia, have dwindled to just a few small plantations. Moreover, they are all isolated, that is, isolated from each other. Now there are only 1200 individuals in the world.
Today I want to tell you about some types of tourist recreation. I hope that after reading this article you will discover new ways of spending your leisure time, because each of the types has its own framework :)
Tourism is notable for its diversity. You can go to conquer the snow-capped mountain slopes in hot summer or go sunbathing on the beach in rainy October-November, you can ride a bike along mountain trails or raft along a steep river saturated with rapids, or you can safely take a plane train and comfortably get to the warm sandy coast of the sea.
This type of tourism is the most widespread. This includes a beach holiday: relaxation on the sea coast, bliss in the warm sea waves, sunbathing. Everyone goes on this vacation: the elderly, families with small children, young people. Recreational recreation is widespread, because it allows you to combine other more active types of entertainment, for example, tourist trips to attractions, sea fishing, diving, etc.
This type of tourism is chosen by people who like to receive new information, delve into new cultural traditions, view various architectural attractions, museums. If a tourist in the process of rest is interested in new music, attends theaters, learns languages, then this can also be attributed to cultural and historical tourism.
Personally, I myself often visit various exhibitions and concerts. This not only brings pleasure, but also significantly expands your horizons and, accordingly, your thinking and perception of the world as a whole.
This type of tourism is also called sports. There are no significant differences for the average tourist in this, but I would like to note that the "extremals" themselves consider only themselves tourists, and the rest of tourism is classified as a recreation group. Extreme and sports tourism includes all types of such destinations as water (rafting, kayaking, yachting), mountain, air tourism (plnerism, paving, balloning), speleotourism, all winter destinations.
We live on an incredible planet with countless fascinating places, breathtaking landscapes, beautiful buildings built by humans over thousands of years, and an extremely diverse fauna and flora. Only a lucky few, for whom travel is a way of life, have the chance to see most of these charming corners. The average inhabitant of the Earth, however, can make every effort to visit as many countries and places as possible. And although he will not see everything, he will visit those parts of the globe that excite him the most. Each of us loves different forms of recreation and is interested in different regions, so it is difficult to highlight the places that each of us should see. Some want to focus on exploring ancient cities full of monuments and beautiful architecture. Others prefer to admire the wildlife and spend time actively in the fresh air. Some are attracted to exotic regions where they can wander through the jungle or relax on a paradise beach among palm trees. Others, in turn, prefer colder climates, where the beauty of the landscape is manifested in its harshness and roughness. Our world is so big and diverse that everyone will find something special. I represent just a few places in the world that are worth visiting. Even if you have never dreamed of one of them, perhaps this is where the holidays of life await you.
If you decide to travel to the ends of the world, it is worth visiting these two neighboring countries on the same vacation. Buenos Aires is one of the most interesting cities in the world, lively, breathing with the sensual rhythm of tango. Interestingly, in the capital of Argentina you can find the widest street in the world - Avenida 9 de Julio. However, Argentina is not only a beautiful capital, but perhaps above all, fascinating and wild nature, breathtaking landscapes. One of the largest tourist attractions is Los Glaciares National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This stunning natural monument is the second largest ice sheet on Earth. The most important place in the park is undoubtedly the Perito Moreno Glacier, which is 30 km long and its forehead is 5 km wide. Depending on the place and time of year, the walls reach heights from 30 to 60 m. The glacier moves at a speed of about 2 m per day, creating an incomparable spectacle: huge pieces of ice break off and fall into the water with a huge blow.
Chile also impresses with its stunning nature. Just visit the Torres del Paine National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. This is one of the most beautiful parks in the world. The Cordillera del Paine mountain range owes its fame primarily to the combination of the two colors of sedimentary and volcanic rocks. The park includes lakes shimmering in various shades of blue and turquoise, rocky peaks and vast forests inhabited by many species of animals, including wild ducks, guanacos, rhea and condors.
Seychelles is a true island paradise located on the east coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. The nature in the Seychelles is stunningly beautiful and wild. Sandy beaches, pristine jungle, colorful coral reefs and UNESCO World Heritage Sites are just a few of the many attractions you'll find across the archipelago's 115 islands. Almost half of the entire territory of the Seychelles is under strict protection, and many islets and atolls create beautiful marine reserves. In addition to lying on the beach, you can hike mountain trails, climb cliffs, admire endemic flora and fauna, and savor Creole delicacies. It is also a paradise for water sports enthusiasts such as diving, snorkeling and surfing.
The three largest and most developed Seychelles are Mahe, Praslin and La Digue. The island of Mahe is home to the capital Victoria, which was once the seat of the British colonial government, and the beautiful Morne Seychelles National Park. On the second largest island of Praslin, it is worth visiting the UNESCO-protected Valle de Mae nature reserve and the paradise beach of Anse Lazio, where you can see a rare species of black parrot. The small, quiet island of La Digue epitomizes the Seychelles. The most beautiful beaches in the world are located here: Anse Fountain d'Argent, Pointe Grand Anse and Little Anse. The whole island is surrounded by greenery and has a very cozy look. It is worth visiting Union Estate Park, which was once a coconut and vanilla plantation and today reminds us of the colonial history of the islands.
New Zealand is an amazing place that delights with its beautiful landscapes and mesmerizing monuments. Travel to this distant land will be full of unforgettable adventures and will give you a unique experience. One of New Zealand's greatest natural treasures is its many geothermal springs, for which the area around the city of Rotorua, full of geysers and silica embankments, is famous. The Wai-O-Tapu thermal zone has many mud lakes, mud worms in boiling water and many colorful lakes and rocks. the next thermal zone - Waimange - is the youngest ecosystem on Earth and the so-called spring, the largest natural spring with boiling water. Rotorua is a very popular health resort, and bathing in the local hot springs has healing and soothing properties. Maori culture is still present at every turn, numerous authentic villages - Te Puya, Wakareva and Mitai - allow you to get to know this fascinating world and admire traditional Maori dances.
Despite the fact that the desert occupies two-thirds of the territory of Uzbekistan, which is landlocked and has a sharply continental climate, the nature of Uzbekistan is diverse and attractive. There are a large number of lakes and reservoirs on its territory. One of the most impressive is Chervakskoe, located 120 kilometers from the capital. The reservoir is a natural monument and is part of the National Park. There are many truly beautiful places in Uzbekistan. Picturesque mountain roads, ancient oases and the famous rivers Amu Darya, Syrdarya and Zeravshan, on the banks of which are the world's oldest cities of Samarkand and Bukhara.
The rich fauna attracts ornithologists, serpentologists and simply lovers of wildlife to Uzbekistan. And caves with rock paintings and runic inscriptions attract cavers here.
The two large deserts Kyzylkum and Karakum intersect in the northwestern part of Uzbekistan, occupy 700 kilometers of the country's territory and reach the foot of the Tien Shan mountains.
Between the Mangyshlak peninsula, the remains of the Aral Sea and the Amu Darya delta, there is a natural wonder - the Ustyurt sandy plateau. It covers an area of 200,000 sq. km and is one of the most mysterious places on earth with space landscapes and the remains of unknown civilizations.
The lost Aral Sea changed the nature of the region. The Aralkum Desert, which has reached 60 thousand square meters, replaced the water that had left. m.
The nature of the desert is not lifeless. In the red-sandy Kyzyl Kum there are: steppe cat, gopher, wolf, fox. And, of course, snakes. The most poisonous efa and gyurza. They pose the greatest danger to camel riders in this hot zone of Uzbekistan.
The Karakum Desert, or black sand, was formed hundreds of thousands of years ago, and its most ancient part, the Zaunguz Karakum, has millions of years of existence. Here you can often find a one-humped camel wandering far from its home. In the spring, the desert is briefly covered with a carpet of flowers. The inhabitants of the desert lands are jackals, wolves, sand cats. Cobra and gyurza are found here.
The clayey and saline desert landscape of the Ustyurt Plateau was chosen by vultures, vultures, vultures and snake-eaters. There are eagles in the desert, which are listed in the Red Book. This part of Uzbekistan is inhabited by 17 species of lizards and 9 species of snakes.
They are few. Especially in the gypsum part of the Ustyurt and Kyzylkum Plateau. Here you can find barbecue, sedge and white-earth wormwood. A very healthy plant. Rhubarb also grows here. Its leaves reach 1.2 meters in length and lend an element of unreality to the desolate and whitish surface of the earth.
Mountain habitats vary greatly from the base to the top of the mountains. On mountain peaks, the ambient temperature is low, the atmosphere is thin, and the level of UV radiation is high. As the climate changes, the flora and fauna change between the high-altitude zones. On the highest mountain peaks, environmental conditions cannot support tree life. The area of the mountains where the growth of trees stops is called the forest boundary. Few trees, if any, will be able to grow above this line.
Most animal species live at lower altitudes, and only the most hardy representatives of the fauna are found above the border of trees, where the atmosphere is very thin and there is no tall vegetation.
In this list, we look at 10 mountain animals that have adapted to the challenging conditions of life on the top of the world.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of the bear family that has the widest range and is found in northern Eurasia and North America. Animals, apparently, have no specific altitude restrictions and are found from sea level up to 5000 m (in the Himalayas). In most cases, they prefer diffuse vegetation, which can give them a place to rest during the day.
Brown bears are adapted to high altitude conditions due to their thick fur and ability to climb mountains. They are the largest land-based predators, after polar bears, and can grow up to 750 kg. Brown bears feed on berries, grasses, shrubs, nuts, insects, larvae, as well as small mammals and ungulates.
The Himalayan tar (Hemitragus jemlahicus) is a large bovine ungulate found in China, India and Nepal. This bovine grows up to 105 kg, and has a size at the withers up to 1 m. It is adapted to life in cool climates with a rocky landscape, thanks to its thick fur and dense undercoat. In the Himalayas, these animals are mainly found on slopes from 2500 to 5000 m. They are able to move on smooth and rough surfaces typical of mountainous terrain.
Their diet includes many plants. The short legs allow Himalayan taras to balance, reaching the leaves of shrubs and small trees. Like other bovids, they are ruminants with a complex digestive system that allows them to obtain nutrients from difficult-to-digest plant tissues.