Trekking routes in Nepal are so diverse that everyone will find something suitable. Difficult ones climb to an altitude of 6,000 meters and above, comfortable trekking - at an altitude of 1,000 to 3,000 thousand meters, are accessible even for a child, and average trekking from 3,000 to 6,000, these include the vast majority of Nepalese routes. Nepal offers trekking, where every day you will be provided with clean bed, a selection of national and continental cuisine and even hot showers. Or you can go on real Himalayan expeditions, with tents, heavy backpacks and a cold mountain river instead of a bathroom. In 2019, you can even find a yoga tour of the Himalayas.
Far West of Nepal
This is one of the most authentic corners of the country, here a tourist is a rare visitor on the trail, so the nature here is pure as nowhere else, and people live as if in the courtyard of the 18th century. If you want to travel back in time 200 years ago, take the ancient pilgrimage trail to Tibet. For thousands of years, wanderers from all over India crossed the Himalayan passes to make a crust around Kailash, to see the sacred lakes Rakshastal and Manasarovar. The advantages of the region are closely related to the difficulties that will await you on trekking. Tourism in the west of Nepal has been developing since 2008, so forget about comfortable lodges. Most of the way you will spend the night in tents. Don't count on cellular or internet. There are no supermarkets, equipment shops or rental shops, so the equipment should be well thought out in advance.
Lake Rara is located in the northwest of Nepal. On its shores and the slopes of the surrounding mountains, rare animals live, such as the musk deer, red panda, and the Himalayan bear. Since the height of the lake is 2990 meters, there are rhododendron oaks in the forests, blue pine and juniper grow higher. Rara is the largest lake in the country, but in the area around it there is no settlement and only a few lodges for tourists. When the national park was opened, two villages that stood on the shores of Lake Rara were moved to another region, so animals here are not afraid of humans. If you enjoy watching wildlife this is the place for you.
The most isolated place in Nepal, no road leads here and you can only get there by air. The Dolpo valleys are sandwiched between the main Himalayan ridge and its foothills. Lower Dolpo has already become a mecca for cultural tourism. Here, the religion, rituals and monasteries of ancient Tibetan Buddhism have been preserved in their original form. In the upper Dolpo, tourists do not come every year. The most famous monastery is called Phoksundo, its history dates back to the 12th century AD.
This region is named after the eighth-thousander of the same name located here. Dhaulagiri is 8137 meters above sea level, making it the seventh highest mountain in the world. There are no lodges here and only experienced travelers are ready to give up even the elementary benefits of civilization for 16 days. It will take so long to complete one of the most beautiful routes in Nepal - trekking around Dhaulagiri.
Nepal and its sights are in a hurry to see travelers from all over the world. The original culture and traditions, picturesque landscapes and such a density of historical monuments and structures included in the UNESCO heritage list cannot be seen anywhere else.
More than 20 million years ago, as a result of the movement of the earth's plates, the Himalayan ranges began to form, mountains and plains gradually formed the modern appearance of the country. Nepal is an ancient land, once in the valley where the state was located there was a lake, as evidenced by Buddhist and Indian legends, and this fact is scientifically confirmed.
More than 100 thousand years ago, as a result of continuing geological processes, the water from the lake flowed out through the gorge, forming the Kathmandu valley. For the first time, the Nepalese territory was mentioned in the VIII century. BC ... Then wild tribes lived here who hunted for hunting. In the IV century. n. ... the Hindus come. The development of the region begins as a result of the establishment of trade relations with India and China.
Buddhism, the country's second official religion, is gradually coming to Nepal. In the X century. modern Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, known at that time as the city of Kantipur, was founded. It is believed that the name of the city was given by the palace, which has not survived due to the devastating earthquake in 2015. From the 13th to the 18th centuries. the era of the royal dynasty - Malla.
The state begins to flourish, its golden era, arts and crafts are developing, pagodas are being built everywhere. There is a strengthening of control over trade routes and the establishment of duties on the caravans passing here. Traded mainly in wool, yak tails and salt.
Hinduism is strengthening its positions more and more, people are divided into castes, the king of Nepal is proclaimed the living embodiment of the Indian god Vishnu on earth. Yaksha Malla, who ruled in the 15th century, united the Nepalese valley into a single state. But after his death, the quarreling sons again divide the plain into different kingdoms.
More than 40 cities, peculiar states with their own ruler, army and money, were founded during this period. In the XVII century. Nepal begins minting Tibetan coins from Tibetan silver, which also helps to strengthen the country's position. The most powerful cities: Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon), Kathmandu (Kantipur) and Patan (Lalitpur) begin rivalry among themselves.
Each city strives to surpass the other, the streets are lined with lush temples and palaces.
In the XVIII century. as a result of the capture of Kathmandu, the new ruler reunites Nepal, representatives of the Shah surname come to power. This is a turbulent time for the Kingdom, wars are being waged, including with the British, the result of the conflict is the permanent presence of a British representative in the capital of Nepal. At the end of the XIX century. the endless power struggle led to bloody events.
A representative of the old Rana family has ascended the throne. A life-long post of prime minister is introduced, inherited, while the king has only nominal power and is revered as the living incarnation of God on earth. At this time, few roads and schools were built, but Western architects were invited, about 100 richly decorated palaces appeared during this period.
Authors of the trip, its organizers, as well as guides and group leaders Mark Khlynovsky and Anna Kovalenko:
Many are attracted by the colorful world of Nepal lost in space and time, and many are scared away by physical activity and everyday difficulties of such a trip. It is for them - for those who like to combine the pleasure of beauty and comfort, we offer our trip.
Comfortable hotels and short, convenient transfers will allow us to discover the colorful world of Nepal with ease and joy. We are waiting for walks through ancient temples and elephant safaris, flights around eight-thousanders and intricate ligature of Newar cities, a riot of the jungle and sunrises over the Himalayas, rafting on a mountain river and a cable car ride to the Temple of Fortune, and even, perhaps, breakfast with a view of Everest.
Nepal is a small but surprisingly vibrant, hospitable and diverse country. Here, seven-eighths of the territory is occupied by mountains, and in the valleys and on the cliffs there are ancient temples that keep the secrets of Buddhist and Hindu Gods. Here, in the Kathmandu Valley, the richest cultural and artistic tradition of the Newari people was born and strengthened. In all corners of the Himalayas they know - as soon as you need to build a majestic temple, decorate a house with intricate carvings or cut an openwork gazebo - look for the Newari community and they will do it for glory.
The country is surrounded on one side by the most beautiful snow peaks of the highest mountains of the planet, the sunrises and sunsets over which take your breath away and steal your heart. And below, on the spurs of the Terai Hills, lies the lush green jungle sea of Chitwan National Park. Here is a kingdom of unspoiled, carefully guarded jungle, where leopards hide in the shadows, elephants and rhinos roam, and sometimes the growl of Bengal tigers is heard in the air.
A little off to the side, in the Pokhara valley, lies the beautiful Phewa Lake. Like hundreds of years ago, peasants erect adobe houses along its banks and cultivate rice fields in the shade of the eight-thousandth peaks of the sacred Annapurna mountains. And here are some of the best mountain views, for which you do not need to follow the mountain trails with a backpack.
Spring is a time of renewal and change. And what could be better for this than the Himalayas full of life and beauty? Fresh winds blow here and it is impossible to take your eyes off the icy peaks of the eternal peaks, here the rumble of deep waterfalls and mountain rivers spreads far away, here Buddhist monks blow huge pipes, glorifying the power of a new day, and smells of juniper smoke. It is so great to wake up at dawn and feel joy here, and the main thing here is so easy to get in touch with the bewitching powerful nature and the mystery of sacred places.
So, we invite you to Nepal - a country on the slopes of the Himalayas.
Imagine a valley with steep mountains, rugged beaten paths and colorful wooden houses planted over the cliffs. All this is covered with light gray smog and dust in the air. This is what the central part of Nepal looks like. Sometimes on the roads you can see herds of cows and yaks. The higher into the mountains, the cleaner the air, and the snowy peaks are already beginning to be seen. It is said that nowhere in the world are there such steep, deep and rugged valleys as in the Himalayas.
For example, the Latin American Andes are flatter, gently sloping mountains with beautiful rolling valleys. And on some mountain roads in Nepal it is scary to look down from the cliff, because there is no end in sight. It is difficult to imagine how people drive cars on these roads, and they do not catch their breath at every turn. These are serpentine earth roads strewn with broken boulders of rocks. Sometimes the roads are half-flooded with a waterfall falling off the mountains, and if it rains, the road turns into a thick mess of stones, people and rocks.
I flew to Kathmandu from Kuala Lumpur, which is very practical. In general, you can find cheap tickets from Malaysia to almost anywhere in the world. Kathmandu is located in the mountains at an altitude of 1400 m, and due to haze, smog and bad weather, landing is not always safe. At the end of the flight, the pilot said: "Thank God we landed, we were very lucky." This is very inspiring ...
Kathmandu airport is always a bustle, and in general it is not as convenient and comfortable as in other cities of the world. Leaving the plane, you need to immediately take the line for a visa. The procedure is simple: you pay $ 40 (visa for a month) - and you get a small sticker in your passport.
After that, you need to check if the bag has arrived. From Malaysia to Kathmandu, the Nepalese bring a bunch of things - TVs, refrigerators and all sorts of different equipment. There you can buy it all cheaply. Therefore, after about an hour and a half of waiting, you finally receive your luggage.
To get to the city, it is best to arrange in advance with the hotel where you intend to stay later. I did not fully understand how to maneuver on the streets of Nepal without assistance.
In general, Nepalese are very talkative and friendly people. They are always helpful and very polite. Of course, most of their motives are based on profit, but their goodwill always pleases. The higher you go to the mountains, the more clean and simple people there are. Here they are ready to help just like that, share their culture and kindness, they are also interested in learning a little about the life of a wanderer. The very courteous and polite Nepalese contrasts with their rude Chinese neighbors.
To get used to the situation in this country, you need to be lively and active. The capital city Kathmandu is very different from tourist cities like Pokhara, and even more different from distant cities on the border with India (for example, Bhimdatta). Going outside in the capital, you immediately find yourself in a stream of people in masks and ringing sirens of cars (they have such musical signals about every two minutes of the way). You can cross the road anywhere, there are no crossings. Paved roads are also rare, and there are a lot of tourists in beautiful places. For example, in the largest Buddhist temple of Budanat.
It takes 9-10 hours to get from Kathmandu to Pokhara, although the distance between them is only 150 km. The road is winding and uneven, buses sometimes skid. At first I had a plan to get to Bhimdatta - 700 km, but after a 9-hour trip in a Nepalese bus, the desire was gone. I got the impression that tourists in Nepal are not very fond of tourists and they are less respected than their own, locals. In the Pacific Islands, the opposite is true. There tourists are gods. Of course, this is already too much, but not as harsh as in Nepal.
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