Yalta is a resort city in the southern part of Crimea.
The city of Yalta and the so-called Big Yalta, which is the Yalta city district (Yalta City Council), are different. The territory is more than 70 km long, with the administrative center in Yalta. Big Yalta occupies part of the southern coast of Crimea from Foros in the west to Krasnokamenka in the east, includes two cities (Yalta and Alupka) and many villages. Yalta is an important resort, an important passenger and commercial port on the southern coast of Crimea.
According to the most common version, the name of the city comes from the Greek. γιαλος (yalos) - "coast", however, there are hypotheses that the name of the city is of Turkic origin. The first mention of Yalta, dating back to 1154, we find in the Arab historian Al-Idrisiya. Galita, Kaulita or Dzhalita, he calls the Cuman (Polovtsian) city on the Black Sea coast. From the Crimean Tatar yalida it is translated as “on the shore” (the Crimean Tatar yaly - “shore” is at the same time borrowing from Greek and everything comes from the same Greek. Γιαλος).
Yalta is located in the south of the Crimean Peninsula on the shores of the Yalta Gulf of the Black Sea.
The Crimean Mountains rise in the southern part of the Crimean Peninsula. They are a complex mix of small mountain ranges, rocky ridges and hollows. Yalta is spread over three hills on the seashore in the valleys of two mountain rivers of karst origin - Uchan-Su (Vodopadnaya) and Derekoyki (Bystraya). Yalta is located in a spacious natural "amphitheater" - from the land the city is surrounded by a half-ring of mountains: to the north and north-west of Yalta passes Ai-Petrinskaya Yayla - part of the Main ridge of the Crimean Mountains; to the north-east of the city, there is a spur of the Nikitskaya Yayla with the Avinda peak (1473 m), ending in Cape Nikitsky (Martyan); to the south-west of Yalta rises the cone-shaped mountain Mogabi (804 m), the southern slope of which ends at the sea with Cape Ai-Todor. In the city itself, the Darsan Hill rises, and nearby is the Hill of Glory. Further, beyond the hills, the Iograf spur begins.
Many parks have been created within Big Yalta. Two of them - Livadiyskiy and Vorontsovskiy - have become a general resort attraction due to their size. In the Livadia Park, the famous walking Tsarskaya trail also begins. The attention of tourists is attracted by the Botkin trail, leading from Yalta to the Stavri-Kaya rock, and the Shtangeevskaya trail, rising from the Uchan-Su waterfall to the Ai-Petrinskaya yayla. Also noteworthy for the guests of the city are Haraksky, Gurzufsky, Cypress, Miskhorsky, Massandrovsky, Foros and Primorsky (in Yalta itself), Nizhnyaya Oreanda, Melas and Chair. These parks were created based on the nature of the southern coastal forest with extensive use of foreign ornamental plants.
On the territory of Big Yalta there is the Yalta mountain-forest nature reserve.
An important therapeutic and climatic resource of Big Yalta is the following reserves: Yalta mountain-forest (area 14.5 thousand hectares), "Cape Martyan" (area 240 hectares), Crimean natural. The monuments of landscape gardening art of state and local importance (415 hectares), local parks and squares (1472 hectares) are of great importance. The largest parks in Yalta are Massandrovsky, Livadiysky, Miskhorsky, Alupkinsky.
Tourists love Crimea not only for their beach holidays. In winter, people have fun by sledding, skiing, snowboarding. Due to the warm climate and low ridges, there is no ski complex, as in Dombai or Arkhyz, in Crimea, but there are several ski slopes in the Big Yalta region.
The first snowflakes most often fall on the peninsula in late December - early January. In resort towns, snow is rare and melts quickly, but in the mountains it lasts longer. Most precipitation is on Ai-Petri. The height of the snow cover varies on average from 20 to 60 centimeters. Here the ski slopes of Yalta are concentrated, which receive tourists from the end of December 2020 to February 2021.
As for the air temperature, it is quite changeable: in January it can be either +15 or -18. Although there are such frosts, but not often.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, in order to prevent the spread of infection, restrictions were introduced in Crimea for the New Year holidays in December 2020 and January 2021. They concern restaurants, bars, museums and other places. All public institutions work on a special schedule.
The ski slopes of Yalta are open from December 2020 to the end of April 2021. But nature makes its own adjustments. The best time for skiing is January and February, usually the snowiest months. In December, there is either no snow in the mountains yet, or it is very little, and in March and April it already melts.
On the high sections of Ai-Petri, the snow cover can last until May, but skiing will not work. Firstly, there are no slopes on the highest slopes, and secondly, by May the snow will partially melt and will lie interspersed with the ground.
Be sure not to be caught off guard by accidents. When choosing an active holiday, take out insurance. You can handle any mountain!
Skiing and snowboarding in Crimea is possible only on the Ai-Petri plateau, where there are several special trails with drag lifts, equipment rental points and cafes. In winter, vacationers are brought here every day.
The length of the tracks is from 120 to 1300 meters. Mostly designed for beginners. You can get there by your own car or with a tourist group by bus. But there is a nuance. If there is heavy rainfall, rescuers announce the threat of an avalanche. Yes, in the warm Crimea this happens almost every year. During this period, traffic police patrols and rescuers are everywhere. Depending on the weather forecast, on Ai-Petri, they may either not be allowed to pass in their car at all, or they are allowed to drive exclusively for high-traffic vehicles with chains on winter tires.
Big Yalta is a special administrative unit of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. It stretches for a distance of 70 km in a narrow strip along the southern coast of Crimea and united more than 30 settlements: Gurzuf, Nikita, Massandra, Yalta, Livadia, Gaspru, Koreiz, Miskhor, Alupka, Simeiz, Foros and others.
The most popular vacation spot in Yalta is its embankment, which was founded in 1866. Here, next to the sea, there are the best shops, restaurants, cafes, sanatoriums and boarding houses of Yalta. The city bewitches, everyone who comes to rest in Yalta at least once falls in love with itself.
Let's consider the 5 most popular resorts in Yalta (according to the statistics of queries in Yandex).
The cost of vouchers with treatment - from 2000 rubles/day for 1 person
The Ai-Danil health resort is located 12 km from Yalta, in the southwest of Cape Martyan and the southeastern border of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden.
Yalta, like the rest of Crimea, is not only an opportunity to soak up the beach or walk along a string of embankments, it is, first of all, a chance to see unique local attractions, travel to neighboring cities and go to the mountains.
By itself, Yalta is very conducive to rest and relaxation, but it's still strange to be in it and not get acquainted with the amazing monuments of history and nature. Yalta is full of sights that are very popular among tourists, which probably every person, who has never even been here, heard about.
There are a lot of different excursion routes from Yalta itself, for any budget and taste. Yalta also includes the villages closest to it, together it is called Big Yalta. It includes 32 settlements: Gurzuf, Katsiveli, Livadia, Alupka, Massandra, Foros and others.
You won't have to look for places where you can buy the excursions themselves. During the season, along all the embankments, they are sold almost every hundred and two meters. As in all of Crimea, in Yalta, guides love their work very much and it will definitely be interesting with them. Therefore, you can not look for special agencies and bureaus, but feel free to use the services of local guides from the embankment, and the pricing policy is different in their favor. Or use the excursion search form below.
The most popular and interesting are trips to the Swallow's Nest, Vorontsov Palace, Baydarskaya Valley, Yalta Nature Reserve, visiting the Grand Canyon of Crimea, Mount Ai-Petri, visiting Nikitsky Botanical Garden and Massandrovsky Winery.
The visiting card of the whole Crimea, hovering between heaven and earth at Cape Ai-Todor, the Swallow's Nest Castle will surprise you with its small size. The entire ensemble is only 10 by 20 meters wide and only 12 meters high.
This palace is familiar to everyone from his favorite Soviet films "Ten Little Indians", "Amphibian Man" and the excellent movie with Jackie Chan - "First Strike". The castle itself has recently undergone restoration, was reconstructed with a seismic belt. It is also very curious that at the foot of Cape Ai-Todor there are caves in which traces of sites and, accordingly, of life from the time of the Stone Age were found.
It's very easy to get to the Swallow's Nest from Yalta. It is enough to buy a ticket for the boat at the ticket offices on the embankment or from the guides standing everywhere. The boat runs regularly in half an hour, and the boat trip itself to the castle will take about forty minutes.
Climbing the stairs to the castle itself is 1200 steps, that is, slowly and with breaks, it is about ten minutes in time. It is forbidden to drink, smoke and is in swimsuits or swimming trunks, including beach shorts, and along the entire route there are souvenir shops and photographers.
It takes about an hour and a half to visit the castle, during which time the boat turns around. However, if you wish, you can delay until the next flight. And in the presence of the remaining empty time, it makes sense to climb the Parus rock - from it the most wonderful view of the Bear Mountain, the castle itself and the sea.
The castle itself belongs to the village of Gaspra, which is part of Big Yalta. Two of his sanatoriums, Parus and Zhemchuzhina, are located near the Swallow's Nest, if you want to meet the dawn romantically - it is quite possible to stay in them for the night.
A scenic route from Sevastopol to Yalta - along the main ridge of the Crimean mountains along the southern coast of the peninsula. Breathtaking views of the sea from rocky peaks, mysterious caves and beautiful waterfalls, relict forests and canyons with winding rivers await us. We will walk with backpacks and light luggage, swim in stone baths, forest lakes and, of course, in the gentle Black Sea. For experienced travelers, the path is not difficult, for beginners it is an excellent test of abilities.
Lots of adventures, gorgeous landscapes and unforgettable impressions for all participants!
We meet in Sevastopol and immediately go to Balaklava to get acquainted with local sights. We will walk along the picturesque local embankment, see the ancient fortress of Chembalo, founded in the Middle Ages by the Genoese, a monument to Kuprin and the bronze Balaklava cat. Then we will leave the city and go to the protected natural boundary Ayazma, where a magnificent pine forest is spread out in a 30-minute walk from the sea.
Let's keep quiet here a little - we'll listen to the breeze playing in the pine branches, inhale the sea air with a subtle resinous aroma. And then we go down to the coastline - let's greet the Black Sea. And, weather permitting, we will of course take a dip!
We will spend the evening talking around the fire - it's time to tell about ourselves and get to know our companions better.
Depending on the time of year, weather and strength of the participants, the instructor will choose a further route.
Option 1. Until lunchtime we will stay at the parking lot, swim in the sea, and in the afternoon we will reach the village of Reserve. The climb along this path is small, but it makes it possible to feel what it is like to go uphill with a backpack. Then, going down to the settlement, we will drive to the next parking lot.
Option 2. We rise early in the morning, have breakfast, pack up the camp and set off along the large Sevastopol trail to Cape Aya. This is a difficult, but very beautiful path: we will be accompanied by magnificent landscapes of the rocky coastline, overgrown with evergreen candles of relict juniper and intricately curved, majestic Stankevich pines. After lunch we will climb to Kush-Kaya - one of the most beautiful mountains on the coast. The southern edge of the cliff drops vertically into the sea, so standing on the top, you feel the feeling of flying over the endless blue sea and the cozy Laspi bay. Then we will go down to the Laspinsky pass, cross the Yuzhnoberezhnoe highway and in a couple of hours we will find ourselves in the parking lot.
In the morning we set up the camp, have breakfast and - again on the road! A dirt road will lead us up to Mount Ilyas-Kaya, a powerful bulk of rocks above the sea. Legends call it the place of Power and fulfillment of desires, and there are at least two reasons for this.
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